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Causation and Counterfactuals : Representation and Mind series - John Collins

Causation and Counterfactuals

Representation and Mind series

By: John Collins (Editor), Ned Hall (Editor), L. A. Paul (Editor)

Paperback Published: 25th June 2004
ISBN: 9780262532563
Number Of Pages: 480
For Ages: 18+ years old

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One philosophical approach to causation sees counterfactual dependence as the key to the explanation of causal facts: for example, events c (the cause) and e (the effect) both occur, but had c not occurred, e would not have occurred either. The counterfactual analysis of causation became a focus of philosophical debate after the 1973 publication of the late David Lewis's groundbreaking paper, "Causation," which argues against the previously accepted "regularity" analysis and in favor of what he called the "promising alternative" of the counterfactual analysis. Thirty years after Lewis's paper, this book brings together some of the most important recent work connecting--or, in some cases, disputing the connection between--counterfactuals and causation, including the complete version of Lewis's Whitehead lectures, "Causation as Influence," a major reworking of his original paper. Also included is a more recent essay by Lewis, "Void and Object," on causation by omission. Several of the essays first appeared in a special issue of the Journal of Philosophy, but most, including the unabridged version of "Causation as Influence," are published for the first time or in updated forms.Other topics considered include the "trumping" of one event over another in determining causation; de facto dependence; challenges to the transitivity of causation; the possibility that entities other than events are the fundamental causal relata; the distinction between dependence and production in accounts of causation; the distinction between causation and causal explanation; the context-dependence of causation; probabilistic analyses of causation; and a singularist theory of causation.

Contributorsp. ix
Counterfactuals and Causation: History, Problems, and Prospectsp. 1
Trumping Preemptionp. 59
Causation as Influencep. 75
Preemptive Preventionp. 107
Advertisement for a Sketch of an Outline of a Prototheory of Causationp. 119
Difference-making in Contextp. 139
Causation and the Price of Transitivityp. 181
Aspect Causationp. 205
Two Concepts of Causationp. 225
Void and Objectp. 277
Causing and Nothingnessp. 291
For Facts as Causes and Effectsp. 309
Preempting Preemptionp. 325
Causes, Contrasts, and the Nontransitivity of Causationp. 341
Causation: Probabilistic and Counterfactual Analysesp. 359
A Counterfactual Analysis of Indeterministic Causationp. 387
Do All and Only Causes Raise the Probabilities of Effects?p. 403
Causation, Counterfactuals, and the Third Factorp. 419
Going through the Open Door Again: Counterfactual versus Singularist Theories of Causationp. 445
Referencesp. 459
General Indexp. 469
Index of Examplesp. 479
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262532563
ISBN-10: 0262532565
Series: Representation and Mind series
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 480
Published: 25th June 2004
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.78