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Categorical Perception : The Groundwork of Cognition - Stevan R. Harnad

Categorical Perception

The Groundwork of Cognition

By: Stevan R. Harnad (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 31st July 1987
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How do we sort the objects, people, events and ideas in the world into their proper categories? What transforms the 'blooming, buzzing confusion' that enters our eyes and ears when we are born into the orderly world which we eventually experience and interact with? This most basic of questions about human (and animal) perception and cognition is the subject of Categorical Perception, an exhaustive survey and integration of a diverse array of findings. Categorical Perception brings together all the known examples of categorical perception, from research on humans and animals, infants and adults, in all the sense modalities: hearing, seeing and touch. The perceptual findings are interpreted in terms of the available cognitive and neuroscientific theories of how categorical perception is accomplished by the brain: is it inborn? is it learned? what is it that the mind does to the incoming continuous information to sort it into the discrete categories we can see, manipulate, name and describe? Work on elementary perceptual and psychophysical categories (colours, sounds) is then compared with work on higher-order categories: objects, patterns, abstract concepts. From a focus on the most thoroughly investigated case of categorical perception - speech perception - the book proceeds to an integrative view of categorization in general.

"...thought provoking and broadly relevant across a spectrum of issues of concern to cognitive scientists." Contemporary Psychology "...provides a thorough survey of recent developments in the study of categorization and draws out some of the important consequences of this work to other studies of cognition." Philosophical Psychology

List of contributors
Preface
Introduction: psychophysical and cognitive aspects of categorical perception: a critical overview
Psychophysical Foundations of Categorical Perception
Categoric perception: some psychophysical models
Beyond the categorical/continuous distinction: a psychophysical approach to processing modes
Categorical Perception of Speech
Phonetic category boundaries are flexible
Auditory, articulatory, and learning explanations of categorical perception in speech
On infant speech perception and the acquisition of language
Models for Speech Categorical Perception
Neural models of speech perception: a case history
On the categorization of speech sounds
Categorical partition: a fuzzy-logical model of categorization behaviour
Categorical Perception in Other Modalities and Other Species
Perceptual categories in vision and audition
Categorical perception of sound signals: facts and hypotheses from animal studies
A naturalistic view of categorical perception
The special-mechanisms debate in speech research: categorization tests on animals and infants
Brain mechanisms in categorical perception
Psychophysiological Indices of Categorical Perception
Electrophysiological indices of categorical perception for speech
Evoked potentials and color-defined categories
Higher-order Categories
Categorization processes and categorical perception
Developmental changes in category structure
Spatial categories: the perception and conceptualization of spatial relations
Cognitive Foundations
Category induction and representation
Author index
Subject index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521267588
ISBN-10: 0521267587
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 612
Published: 31st July 1987
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 3.3
Weight (kg): 1.03