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Carbon Filaments and Nanotubes : Common Origins, Differing Applications? - L.P. Biro

Carbon Filaments and Nanotubes

Common Origins, Differing Applications?

By: L.P. Biro (Editor), Carlos A. Bernardo (Editor), G.G. Tibbetts (Editor), Philippe Lambin (Editor)

Paperback Published: 31st March 2001
ISBN: 9780792369080
Number Of Pages: 366

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Carbon filament, vapor grown carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes have been discovered to have remarkable properties, opening they way for their use in intriguing and novel applications in electronics, chemistry and materials science. There are many similarities between nanotubes and filaments, leading many researchers to critically compare the two materials, their production, and potential applications. The two materials are compared and contrasted in depth in the present book, which is a comprehensive review of current research activity, growth mechanisms, physical properties, industrial production, and applications. The structures are discussed using a unified approach, which helps to compare growth mechanisms, contrasting morphological differences, and detailing how novel properties depend on such differences.

Preface
Photograph of the participants
Organizing and scientific committee and editors
List of contributors
Introduction
Introduction to carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes
Vapor-grown carbon fiber research and applications: achievements and barriersp. 1
Electronic properties of carbon nanotubes and applicationsp. 11
From vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs) to carbon nanotubesp. 51
Production to vapor grown carbon fibers and nanotubes
Nucleation and growth of carbon filaments and vapor-grown carbon fibersp. 63
Carbon nanotubes formation in the arc discharge processp. 75
Catalytic production, purification, characterization and application of single- and multiwall carbon nanotubesp. 85
Optimizing growth conditions for carbon filaments and vapor-grown carbon fibersp. 111
Gasification and surface modification of vapor-grown carbon fibersp. 121
Growth of nanotubes: the combined TEM and phase-diagram approachp. 133
First-principles theoretical modeling of nanotube growthp. 149
Controlled production of tubular carbon and BCN architecturep. 171
Large-scale production of VGCFp. 187
Characterization and applications
Diffraction by molecular helices - The range of morphologies of sp[superscript 2] carbon and the basic theory of diffraction by an atomic helixp. 197
Diffraction by molecular helices - Transmission electron microscopy and diffraction by nanotubes and other helical nanostructuresp. 205
STM investigation of carbon nanotubesp. 219
Interpretation of the STM images of carbon nanotubesp. 233
Mechanical properties of vapor grown carbon fibres and VGCF-thermoplastic compositesp. 245
Atomic force microscopy investigation of carbon nanotubesp. 255
Structural and electronic properties of carbon nanotube junctionsp. 265
Applications of submicron diameter carbon filamentsp. 275
The role of rheology in the processing of vapor grown carbon fiber/thermoplastic compositesp. 289
Tensile, electrical and thermal properties of vapor grown carbon fibers compositesp. 301
Properties and applications of carbon nanotubes - Materials Science Aspectsp. 315
Novel applications of VGCF including hydrogen storagep. 331
Common and disparate elements in filament and nanotube growthp. 343
Properties of imperfect carbon structuresp. 347
Likely applications: Near and long termp. 351
Subject Indexp. 355
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792369080
ISBN-10: 0792369084
Series: NATO Science Series E:
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 366
Published: 31st March 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 0.54