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Campylobacters, Helicobacters, and Related Organisms : The Language of Science - Diane G. Newell

Campylobacters, Helicobacters, and Related Organisms

The Language of Science

By: Diane G. Newell (Editor), Julian M. Ketley (Editor), Roger A. Feldman (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 30th April 1997
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By 1977 it was clear that the thermophilic campylobacters were a major cause of acute bacterial enteritis. In response to that observation an international workshop was convened in Reading, England, and attracted over 130 participants. Many of these individuals resolutely returned for the eighth in the series of biennial international workshops, this time held in Win- chester, England, in July 1995. All were surprised at the continued, and even expanding, re- search effort in this narrow microbiological field. Such a lasting interest is undoubtedly a reflection of a consistent rise in the incidence of infection, the growing number of closely re- lated organisms and disease associations, and an ever-increasing awareness by the public and government agencies of public health and food safety issues. The second workshop in Brussels in 1983 was a forum that demonstrated the growing awareness in the campylobacter community of the existence of campylobacter-like organisms and provided the platform for presentations describing the association of these organisms, now classified in the genus Helicobacter. with gastroduodenal disease. The clinical aspects of the research into helicobacters is now thoroughly covered in several other meetings, and the remit of the international workshop has been expanded to provide a forum for the presentation of the basic microbiological research carried out on these bacteria. In a continuation of this ap- proach the remit of the workshop has been further extended to other related organisms, reflect- ing that there are many other campylobacter-like organisms still to identify and characterize.

Summary of Workshop: Culture and Detectionp. 1
Summary of Workshop: Detection of Campylobacters in Foods and the Environmentp. 7
Summary of Workshop: Speciation and Subtypingp. 9
Comparison of Selective Media for Primary Isolation of Campylobactersp. 13
Comparison of the Productivity of a Variety of Selective Media for Campylobacter and Arcobacter Speciesp. 19
Isolation of Pure Populations of Helicobacter heilmannii-like Bacteriap. 25
Long- and Short-Term Storage of Helicobacter pylori in Gastric Biopsiesp. 33
Comparison of Staining Techniques for Detecting Gastric Helicobacters in Tissue Sectionsp. 37
Measurement of Campylobacteraceae Isoprenoid Quinones by Fast Atom Bombardment Mass Spectrometryp. 41
Use of Filtration to Isolate Campylobacter and Related Organisms from Stoolsp. 47
Evaluation of FlexSure HP: A Rapid Serological Assay for H. pylori Detection as Compared to HM-CAP EIA and EGD Biopsyp. 51
A Campylobacter Medium for All Seasons?p. 61
Utilization of Amino Acids by Campylobacter jejunip. 67
Evaluation of Colony Lift Immunoblot Methodologies for Specific Enumeration of Enteropathogenic Campylobacterp. 75
Optimising Recovery of Campylobacter spp. from the Lower Porcine Gastrointestinal Tractp. 85
Use of a Candle Jar for Incubating Campylobacter jejunip. 89
Experimental Detection of Plesiomonas shigelloides Antigen in Feces by ELISA and Reserved Passive Latex Agglutination Test as a Model for Campylobacterp. 93
Detection of C. jejuni in Milk and Poultry Using the Magnetic Immuno-Polymerase Chain Reaction Assayp. 97
The Formation of Viable but Nonculturable C. jejuni and Their Failure to Colonise One-Day-Old Chicksp. 101
Campylobacter and Salmonella Contamination of Fresh Chicken Meatp. 105
Molecular Characterization of Oxidative Stress Defense Systems in Campylobacter spp.: Implications for Aerobic Survivalp. 109
Coccal Cell Switching and the Survival and Virulence of C. jejuni at High Oxygen Tensionsp. 115
Two-Dimensional Protein Profiles and Fatty-Acid Compositions in Coccoid Forms of Campylobacter jejunip. 119
Campylobacters and Faecal Indicators in Streams and Rivers Subject to Farm Run-Offp. 123
Isolation of Sub-Lethally Injured Campylobacter from Waterp. 129
Occurrence of Thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in Foods and Waters in Northern Irelandp. 135
Frequency of Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in Meats and Their Subsequent Sub-Typing Using RAPD and PCR-RFLPp. 141
Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for the Detection of Viable Campylobacter Species from Potable and Untreated Environmental Water Samplesp. 147
Development of a Quantitative Methodology to Estimate the Number of Enteropathogenic Campylobacter on Fresh Poultry Productsp. 155
The Seasonality of Thermophilic Campylobacters in Beef and Dairy Cattlep. 163
The Survival of Campylobacter spp. in Waterp. 169
Campylobacters, Salmonellas, and Indicator Bacteria in the Lune Estuaryp. 171
AP-PCR as Typing Method in Clinical Isolates of Helicobacter pylorip. 177
PCR/RFLP and PFGE Sub-Typing of Thermophilic Campylobacter Isolates from Poultry Epidemiological Investigationsp. 181
A Multi-Centre Study of Methods for Sub-Typing Campylobacter jejunip. 187
Pulsed Field Electrophoresis in Campylobacter Epidemiologyp. 191
Subtyping of Campylobacter Isolates from Sewage Plants and Waste Water from a Connected Poultry Abattoir Using Molecular Techniquesp. 197
Differentiation of Campylobacter Strains from Chickens in the USA Using a DNA Probep. 203
Differentiation within Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli by PCR-RFLP of the Intergenic Region between the flaA and flaB Genesp. 209
Sub-Typing of Porcine and Human Campylobacter spp. Using RAPDp. 213
Identification of Strains of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli by PCR and Correlation with Phenotypic Characteristicsp. 217
Computer-Assisted Strategies for Identifying Campylobacteria in Routine Laboratoriesp. 221
Molecular Subtyping of Campylobacter spp. Isolates from Broiler Production Sourcesp. 227
10,001 Campylobacters: A Review of Five Years of Bacteriophage Typingp. 233
Rapid Identification and Biotyping of Thermophilic Campylobactersp. 237
Phylogenetic Studies of Campylobacter jejuni Using Arbitrary Primer-PCR Fingerprintingp. 241
Abstractsp. 245
Summary of Workshop: Poultry Infections and Their Controlp. 273
Summary of Workshop: Veterinary Infections (Excluding Poultry) with Campylobacter; Helicobacter; and Related Organismsp. 277
Summary of Workshop: Antimicrobial Resistancep. 281
Penner Serotyping and Polymerase Chain Reaction Fingerprinting of Campylobacter Isolated from Poultry and Other Animal Sourcesp. 287
Possible Association of Helicobacter pullorum with Lesions of Vibrionic Hepatitis in Poultryp. 291
The Colonisation Potential of Campylobacter jejuni Strain 81116 Is Enhanced after Passage through Chickensp. 295
Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Campylobacter Isolates in an Industrial Poultry Unit (from Production to Slaughter) in Portugalp. 301
The Induction of Quinolone Resistance in Campylobacter Bacteria in Broilers by Quinolone Treatmentp. 307
Isolation of Campylobacter from Eggs and Organs of Naturally Contaminated Laying Hens Housed in Battery Cages and Aviariesp. 313
Reducing Campylobacter Contamination of Poultry Carcasses by Modification of Processing Practicesp. 319
The Seasonality of Thermophilic Campylobacters in Chickensp. 323
Isolation Method for Recovery of Arcobacter butzleri from Fresh Poultry and Poultry Productsp. 329
An Epidemiological Study of Campylobacter jejuni in a Poultry Broiler Flockp. 335
Isolation of Helicobacter felis from Dogs in Italyp. 341
Specific Amplification of Ileal Symbiont Intracellularis from Several Animal Species with Proliferative Enteritisp. 345
An Experimental Model of Campylobacter fetus fetus Induced Abortion in Sheepp. 351
Bovine Venereal Campylobacteriosis: A Diagnostic and Economic Perspectivep. 355
The Seasonal Incidence of Thermophilic Campylobacters in Sheepp. 359
The Prevalence of Campylobacter in Pigs during Fatteningp. 363
Susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to Ten Antimicrobial Agentsp. 369
Comparative in Vitro Synergy Study of Omeprazole/Clarithromycin versus Omeprazole/Amoxicillinp. 371
Low Antimicrobial Resistance in Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Chickens in Sweden, 1992-1993p. 375
Antimicrobial Sensitivity of Campylobacter Isolatesp. 377
High Expression of Chromosomal Dihydrofolate Reductase in Campylobacter Is Related to Its Trimethoprim Resistancep. 383
Antibiotic Susceptibility of Campylobacter Isolates from Sewage and Poultry Abattoir Drain Waterp. 389
Variation in Antimicrobial Resistance in Campylobacter spp. Isolated in Australia from Humans and Animals in the Last Five Yearsp. 393
Evolution of the Resistance to Several Antibiotics in Helicobacter pylori over a Four-Year Periodp. 399
Evolution of Resistance to Erythromycin, Norfloxacin, and Tetracycline in Thermophylic Campylobactersp. 403
Abstractsp. 407
Summary of Workshop: Epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori: What Do We Think We Know? What Would We Like to Know?p. 419
Summary of Workshop: Clinical and Treatmentp. 425
Summary of Workshop: Epidemiology of Campylobacter Infections (Excluding Poultry)p. 427
Summary of Workshop: Clinical Aspects of Campylobactersp. 431
Summary of Workshop: New and Emerging Pathogensp. 435
Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in Childrenp. 437
H. pylori Eradication and Duodenal Ulcer Cure: A Prospective Trial in Chilep. 441
Helicobacter pylori in Children: Evaluation of the Two-Week Triple Therapyp. 447
Incidence of Helicobacter pylori in Farmworkers and the Role of Zoonotic Spreadp. 453
Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis: A Useful Epidemiological Tool for Comparing Campylobacters in Milkborne Outbreaks in Swedenp. 457
Fate and Transport of Campylobacters in Soil Arising from Farming Practicesp. 461
Campylobacter Diarrhoea in Children and Adults: A Five-Year Follow-up (1989-1993) in Swedenp. 467
Campylobacter Species in Faeces from Healthy Pets in Sweden Isolated by Filter Techniquep. 471
Campylobacter/Helicobacter Bacteraemia in Cape Town, South Africa, 1977-1995p. 475
Serotype Distribution of Isolates of C. jejuni subsp. jejuni, C. jejuni subsp. doylei, C. coli, and C. upsaliensis from Paediatric Enteritis Patientsp. 481
Campylobacter jejuni/coli as Trigger of Reactive Arthritisp. 487
Five Years of Campylobacter Bacteraemia in Central Australiap. 491
Campylobacter Species and Other Enteric Pathogens in HIV-Infected Patientsp. 495
Clinical Features of Campylobacter Infection in Childrenp. 499
Campylobacter mucosalis in Faeces from a Child with Severe Haemorrhagic Colitisp. 503
Campylobacter jejuni Repeated Infections in Children from Rural Guatemalap. 507
Identification of Selected Campylobacter spp. Using the ARMS Techniquep. 511
Arcobacter butzleri in the Elderly in Belgiump. 515
Biotypes and Serogroups of Poultry Strains of Arcobacter sp. Isolated in Francep. 519
Two Cases of Persistent Diarrhoea Associated with Arcobacter sp.p. 521
Abstractsp. 525
Summary of Workshop: Genetic Methodsp. 535
Summary of Workshop: Pathogenic Mechanisms (Campylobacter)p. 537
Summary of Workshop: Toxins of Campylobactersp. 545
Summary of Workshop: Immunity to and Vaccines for Campylobactersp. 547
Summary of Workshop: Pathogenic Mechanisms of Helicobactersp. 553
Summary of Workshop: Immunology and Vaccines of Helicobactersp. 559
Identification of a Response Regulator Gene in Campylobacter jejunip. 563
Cloning the Flagellin Genes of Campylobacter upsaliensisp. 569
Natural Transformation as a Tool for the Characterization of Motility Mutants of Campylobacter jejuni 81116p. 575
The Role of Surface-Layer Proteins in Ovine Campylobacter Abortionp. 583
Influence of Campylobacter jejuni on Human Neutrophil Chemotaxisp. 587
Multiple Homology Analyses of the flaA Gene of Campylobacter jejunip. 591
Characterization of Flagellin from Campylobacter jejuni with Monoclonal Antibody C3G8: Possible Recognition of Post-Translational Modification Epitopep. 593
Capacity of a peblA Mutant of Campylobacter jejuni to Colonize Chickensp. 597
A New Toxin in Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli?p. 599
Campylobacteriosis in Laboratory Ratsp. 607
Diversity in in Vitro Adherence of C. jejunip. 611
Molecular Characterization of Campylobacter Virulence Genes: A 36-kDa Lipoprotein Able to Convert Escherichia coli to a Haemolytic Phenotype and with Homology to Siderophore-Binding Proteinsp. 619
A Binding-Lipoprotein-Dependent Transport System for a Ferric-Siderophore in Campylobacter colip. 625
Detection of a Cytolethal Distending Toxin in Campylobacters of Human and Animal Originp. 631
Cloning and Initial Characterization of the htrA Gene from Campylobacter jejunip. 637
Endocytosis of Campylobacter jejuni into Caco-2 Cells: A Role for Caveolae and Host Protein Phosphorylationp. 643
The Usefulness of the Chick Colonisation Model to Investigate Potential Colonisation Factors of Campylobactersp. 649
[alpha]1-2 Fucosylated Chains (H-2, H-1, and Lewis[superscript b]) Are the Main Human Milk Receptor Analogs for Campylobacterp. 653
Lipopolysaccharides from Campylobacter jejuni Strains Associated with the Onset of the Guillain-Barre and Miller-Fisher Syndromesp. 659
Cross-Reactivities and Strain-Specificity of Monoclonal Antibodies to Campylobacter jejuni and Helicobacter pylori Flagellinsp. 663
Expression of Campylobacter jejuni flaA Epitopes within a Modified Salmonella Flagellin Expressed in Salmonella enteritidisp. 667
Serological Response to Campylobacter concisus Infectionp. 673
Antibody Responses to Antigens of Campylobacter jejuni in Swedish Chicken Slaughter House Workers and Healthy Blood Donorsp. 679
Chemical Structures of Lipopolysaccharides: A Window on Strain to Strain Variations in Helicobacter pylorip. 683
Gene Cloning of a Flagellar Sheath Protein of Helicobacter pylorip. 687
The Effect of Lipopolysaccharide from Helicobacter spp. and Campylobacter spp. on Pepsinogen Release by Gastric Mucosap. 693
Effect of Pepsinogen Release of Various Sub-Fractions of H. pylori Lipopolysaccharidep. 697
Interactions of a Catalase- and an Urease-Negative Mutant of Helicobacter pylori with Polymorphonuclear Granulocytesp. 701
Detection of Antigenic Cross-Reactivity between Helicobacter pylori and other Bacteria by Inhibition ELISAp. 707
Abstractsp. 711
Author Indexp. 735
Subject Indexp. 751
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306453120
ISBN-10: 0306453126
Series: The Language of Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 768
Published: 30th April 1997
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 3.77