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Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics : Theories of Case - Miriam Butt

Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics

Theories of Case

Paperback

Published: 17th March 2006
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Case, a system which marks the relationships between words in a sentence, is fundamental to every language. Looking at how different theories of syntax have accounted for the distribution of case across languages, this accessible 2006 textbook introduces the various approaches to case that have been proposed in modern linguistics. Clearly organised into topics, it provides beginning students with a solid understanding of the ideas behind the development of theories of case. For the more advanced reader, it presents theories that have been formulated about the interaction between case morphology, argument structure, grammatical relations and semantics, and offers a detailed cross-theoretical discussion of how these are motivated. Each chapter contains practical exercises, encouraging students to engage with the ideas discussed. Drawing on data from a wide range of languages and pooling together a variety of perspectives, Theories of Case is essential reading for all those studying this important area of linguistics.

"I am incredibly impressed with the breadth of theories understood and discussed by Butt. She has read widely and processed the material in such a way as to make it uncommonly accessible. I recommend the book for your reference library, whether you are a field linguist or a grammar teacher. It could even serve as a good textbook choice for any grammar teacher who surveys morphosyntactic theory." - Lou Hohulin, Sil International

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Overviewp. 1
What is Case?p. 3
Head vs. Dependent Markingp. 5
Is Everything Case? - Persian ezafep. 6
Adverbial Casep. 6
Case and Finitenessp. 7
Nominal Casep. 8
Case Stackingp. 9
Levels of Abstractnessp. 11
Foundational Perspectivesp. 12
Introductionp. 12
The Greek and Roman Traditionp. 13
The Indian Traditionp. 15
The Arabic Traditionp. 18
Exercisesp. 21
Grammatical Relationsp. 23
The Structure of Sentencesp. 23
Transformational Grammar, Case and the Passivep. 24
Relational Grammarp. 26
The Notion of Grammatical Relationsp. 28
Case Grammar and Thematic Rolesp. 29
Core Ideas of Relational Grammarp. 33
The Passive Revisitedp. 33
Case in Relational Grammarp. 36
The Unaccusative Hypothesisp. 38
The Universal Alignment Hypothesisp. 42
Summaryp. 44
Exercisesp. 44
Structural Casep. 46
The Structural View of Grammatical Relationsp. 46
The Basic Architecturep. 46
Thematic Rolesp. 48
Category Neutral Representations: X'-Syntaxp. 51
The VP-internal subject hypothesisp. 53
Case and Agreementp. 55
D-Structure, [theta]-Theory, and Structural Casep. 55
Unaccusatives and Unergativesp. 60
Passivizationp. 64
Structural vs. Inherent or Quirky Casep. 67
Taking Stockp. 71
Minimalismp. 73
Phases, Merge and Featuresp. 73
External Argumentsp. 75
Lexical Conceptual Structurep. 77
Unergatives, Unaccusatives and Passivesp. 79
English Double Objectsp. 83
Discussionp. 87
Exercisesp. 89
Linking Theoriesp. 91
Introductionp. 91
Representation of Predicate-Argument Structurep. 92
Lexical Decomposition and Linkingp. 94
Proto-Rolesp. 98
Kiparsky's Linking Theoryp. 100
Semantic Form and Thematic Rolesp. 101
The Feature Systemp. 103
Linking by Case, Position and Agreementp. 107
Passives, Unaccusatives and Unergativesp. 109
Lexical Decomposition Grammarp. 111
Basic Analysesp. 113
Unergatives, Unaccusatives and Semanticsp. 114
Quirky Casep. 116
Lexical-Functional Grammarp. 117
LFG Basicsp. 117
Argument Structure and Thematic Rolesp. 122
Quirky Case and Early Association Principlesp. 123
The Introduction of Explicit Featuresp. 126
Standard LFG Mapping Theoryp. 127
Argument Alternationsp. 131
Incorporation of Proto-Rolesp. 135
Case Stackingp. 138
An Interactive Model of Casep. 142
Linkingp. 144
Structural Casep. 145
Quirky Casep. 146
Semantic Casep. 146
Discussionp. 149
Exercisesp. 150
The Ergative Dragonp. 153
Fighting Dragonsp. 153
The Terminologyp. 154
Torres Straits and the Agentive Nominativep. 154
A Misunderstanding with Georgianp. 156
Case Systemsp. 158
Syntactic vs. Morphological Ergativityp. 161
Approaches to Morphological Ergativityp. 165
The Ergative as an Inherent Casep. 165
The Ergative as a Structural Casep. 169
Linking theories revisited and more types of ergativityp. 173
Split Ergativityp. 175
Acquisition Issuesp. 176
Historical Issuesp. 179
Summaryp. 183
Exercisesp. 184
The Semantics of Casep. 188
Localist Theoriesp. 188
Agency vs. Experiencep. 189
Object Alternationsp. 191
Subject Alternationsp. 197
Discussionp. 199
Exercisesp. 200
More Theories Great and Smallp. 202
Role and Reference Grammarp. 202
Basic Linkingp. 205
Ditransitives and Dative Subjectsp. 208
Ergativesp. 211
Optimality Theoryp. 212
OT Basicsp. 213
Structural Case Revisitedp. 216
Harmonic Alignmentp. 220
Discussionp. 224
Exercisesp. 226
Language Indexp. 250
Subject Indexp. 252
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521797313
ISBN-10: 0521797314
Series: Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 274
Published: 17th March 2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.7 x 17.4  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.44