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Cambridge Language Surveys : The Germanic Languages - Wayne Harbert

Cambridge Language Surveys

The Germanic Languages

Hardcover Published: 8th January 2007
ISBN: 9780521808255
Number Of Pages: 524

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Germanic - one of the largest sub-groups of the Indo-European language family - comprises 37 languages with an estimated 470 million speakers worldwide. This book presents a comparative linguistic survey of the full range of Germanic languages, both ancient and modern, including major world languages such as English and German (West Germanic), the Scandinavian (North Germanic) languages, and the extinct East Germanic languages. Unlike previous studies, it does not take a chronological or a language-by-language approach, organized instead around linguistic constructions and subsystems. Considering dialects alongside standard varieties, it provides a detailed account of topics such as case, word formation, sound systems, vowel length, syllable structure, the noun phrase, the verb phrase, the expression of tense and mood, and the syntax of the clause. Authoritative and comprehensive, this much-needed survey will be welcomed by scholars and students of the Germanic languages, as well as linguists across the many branches of the field.

'This is a scholarly but readable book, and a very welcome addition to the field.' The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies
"The organization of natural language data provided makes this book an easily accessible resource for language learners and instructors. This work should receive a high volume of readership and will be frequently consulted, as it is a thorough treatment of the structure of Germanic languages past and present." --Michael T. Putnam, Carson-Newman College

List of tablesp. x
List of language abbreviationsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
Some remarks on the organization of this volumep. 1
Divergence and convergence in the Germanic languagesp. 6
Germanic languages and Standard Average Europeanp. 9
Typological classificationp. 12
A survey of the Germanic languagesp. 13
East Germanicp. 14
West Germanicp. 15
The North Sea Coast languagesp. 17
North Germanicp. 19
The Germanic lexiconp. 21
Loanwordsp. 22
Derivationp. 26
Compoundingp. 29
Discourse particlesp. 32
Phrasal verbsp. 36
The sound systems of Germanic: inventories, alternations and structuresp. 41
Segmental inventories and alternationsp. 41
The obstruents: place and manner of articulationp. 41
The sonorantsp. 53
The vowelsp. 56
The suprasegmental phonology of the Germanic languagesp. 65
Syllable structure and sonorityp. 65
Lengthp. 74
Lexical stress and the fool in Germanic phonologyp. 79
Word tone in Germanicp. 84
The Germanic nominal system: paradigmatic and syntagmatic variationp. 89
Nominal inflectionp. 89
Historical prelude: Indo-European heritage and Germanic innovationp. 89
Inflectional categories of the nounp. 91
The internal structure of the nominal phrasep. 122
Nominal phrases without nominal headsp. 122
Nominal phrases with pronoun headsp. 124
Nominal phrases headed by lexical nounsp. 126
Determinersp. 137
Weak quantifiersp. 137
Definite articlesp. 141
Genitive phrasesp. 148
Genitive phrases and determinersp. 150
Proper name possessors and pronominal possessorsp. 155
The English 'double genitive' constructionp. 158
The prenominal periphrastic possessive (Jan se boek) constructionp. 158
Special developments of the genitive in possessive constructionsp. 161
Meronymic constructionsp. 164
Predeterminersp. 167
Discontinuous nominal phrasesp. 168
Adjective phrasesp. 171
Comparisonp. 174
Pronouns in the Germanic languagesp. 175
Personal pronounsp. 175
The referential properties of pronounsp. 196
The external syntax of noun phrases: subjectsp. 214
Subject agreementp. 214
The typology and distribution of "expletive" argumentsp. 224
Subjects in imperative clausesp. 236
Derived subjects and the syntax of voicep. 237
Raising constructionsp. 256
The verbal systems of Germanic: paradigmatic and syntagmatic comparisonp. 270
Historical prelude: the Indo-European heritage and Germanic innovationsp. 270
Types of verbal inflectionp. 270
Categories of verbal inflection: the Germanic tense/mood system and its Indo-European antecedentsp. 272
Modal auxiliariesp. 285
Developments in the expression of tense in Germanicp. 292
Identifying periphrastic tense/aspect constructionsp. 293
Futurep. 297
Perfect tenses and past tensesp. 301
The meaning of the (present) perfect and the pastp. 307
Progressivep. 315
Voice inflections and voice auxiliariesp. 316
Passivep. 317
Middle voicep. 322
The Scandinavian s-passivep. 327
Nonfinite verbal formsp. 329
The infinitivep. 329
The present principle and the English gerundp. 341
The past participle and the supinep. 345
Verbal valencyp. 347
Head, complement and adjunct placement in the verb phrasep. 350
The relative order of the verb and its complements within the VPp. 353
The order of objectsp. 362
Phrasal verbsp. 366
The syntax of the clausep. 369
Sentence adverbsp. 370
The syntax of negationp. 376
Some definitions: negation, scope and polarityp. 376
Scope, polarity and syntactic positionp. 377
Polarity items, negative concord and multiple negationp. 379
Negative complementizers and pleonastic negationp. 382
Constituent negation with sentential scopep. 383
On formal differences between sentential negators and constituent negatorsp. 392
On the typology of sentential negation in Germanicp. 394
The syntax of the left periphery: topics, verb-second and subject/verb inversionp. 398
Main-clause/subordinate clause asymmetries in verb positionp. 400
The triggers of verb-second order and the typology of V-2p. 404
Complementizersp. 415
That-clausesp. 415
Infinitive complementsp. 417
Relative clauses, questions and other fronting constructionsp. 420
A typology of Germanic relative constructionsp. 420
Questionsp. 473
Topic constructions and left dislocation constructionsp. 478
Referencesp. 482
Indexp. 505
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521808255
ISBN-10: 0521808251
Series: Cambridge Language Surveys
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 524
Published: 8th January 2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.9
Weight (kg): 0.87