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Cambridge Companions to Philosophy : The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy - A. S. McGrade

Cambridge Companions to Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy

By: A. S. McGrade (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 17th March 2006
ISBN: 9780521806039
Number Of Pages: 424

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The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy takes its readers into one of the most exciting periods in the history of philosophy. It spans a millennium of thought extending from Augustine to Thomas Aquinas and beyond. It includes not only the thinkers of the Latin West but also the profound contributions of Islamic and Jewish thinkers such as Avicenna and Maimonides. Leading specialists examine what it was like to do philosophy in the cultures and institutions of the Middle Ages and engage all the areas in which medieval philosophy flourished, including language and logic, the study of God and being, natural philosophy, human nature, morality, and politics. The discussion is supplemented with chronological charts, biographies of the major thinkers, and a guide to the transmission and translation of medieval texts. The volume will be invaluable for all who are interested in the philosophical thought of this period.

'... an excellent introduction, commendably fulfilling its requirements.' Journal of Religious Studies 'The latest addition to the Cambridge Companion series contains much that will be useful to the student of mediaeval philosophy ...' The Philosophical Quarterly

Notes on contributorsp. xi
Prefacep. xv
Abbreviations and forms of referencep. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Entry pointsp. 2
Othernessp. 3
What is medieval philosophy?p. 4
Going furtherp. 7
A final image: medieval philosophy and freedomp. 8
Medieval philosophy in contextp. 10
Emergence of medieval philosophy in the late Roman Empirep. 11
Monastic discipline and scholarshipp. 16
Islamp. 19
The rise of the West and the reemergence of philosophyp. 21
Rationalization in society: politics, religion, and educational institutionsp. 28
Aristotle and thirteenth-century scholasticismp. 32
The contested fourteenth centuryp. 36
The place of authority in medieval thoughtp. 40
Philosophical sourcesp. 43
Genresp. 43
Two medieval ideas: eternity and hierarchyp. 51
Eternityp. 51
Hierarchyp. 60
Language and logicp. 73
Sources and developmentsp. 73
The purpose and nature of language and logicp. 77
Signification, conventional and mental languagep. 81
Paronymy and analogyp. 85
Reference: supposition theoryp. 90
Truth and paradoxp. 92
Inference and paradoxp. 93
Philosophy in Islamp. 97
Philosophy, religion, and culturep. 100
Psychology and metaphysicsp. 108
Ethicsp. 113
Jewish philosophyp. 121
The roots of knowledge--Saadiah Gaonp. 122
Universal hylomorphism--Ibn Gabirolp. 126
The limits of reason--Moses Maimonidesp. 128
A purer Aristotelianism--Gersonidesp. 137
Jewish-Christian interactionsp. 141
Metaphysics: God and beingp. 147
Physical and metaphysical proofs of Godp. 147
Avicenna's argument and some challenges to itp. 150
Essence and existencep. 154
Only one necessary being?p. 157
Challenges to essence-existence compositionp. 158
Challenges about God and essep. 160
Univocity, equivocity, analogyp. 162
Creation and naturep. 171
Creationp. 173
Nature as epiphany: natural philosophy through the twelfth centuryp. 174
Astronomy and astrologyp. 177
Scholastic natural philosophyp. 179
Interactions of natural philosophy and theologyp. 187
Natures: the problem of universalsp. 196
Exemplarist realism: universals as divine reasonsp. 196
Common natures, singular existents, active mindsp. 201
Common terms, singular naturesp. 204
Human naturep. 208
Mind and body and soulp. 208
Cognitionp. 213
Will, passion, and actionp. 221
Freedom and immortalityp. 224
The moral lifep. 231
Augustine and classical ethicsp. 232
Happiness and moralityp. 235
Evil, badness, vice, and sinp. 243
Virtues, theological and otherp. 246
Ultimate goods: happiness, friendship, and blissp. 254
Augustine and the universal desire for happinessp. 255
Boethius: philosophy has its consolationsp. 259
Thomas Aquinasp. 261
Happiness in the intellectual lifep. 266
Theories of friendshipp. 271
Happiness and peace at the end of history: Joachim of Fiorep. 273
Political philosophyp. 276
The one true cityp. 278
Reason, nature, and the human goodp. 280
Election and consentp. 285
Hierarchy and gracep. 288
History, autonomy, and rightsp. 290
Conclusionp. 295
Medieval philosophy in later thoughtp. 300
The Renaissance and seventeenth centuryp. 300
Current engagementsp. 316
Transmission and translationp. 328
Channels of transmissionp. 329
Three case studiesp. 334
Translating medieval philosophyp. 338
Pairs and snaresp. 341
A word of encouragementp. 343
Chronology of philosophers and major eventsp. 347
Biographies of major medieval philosophersp. 350
Bibliographyp. 360
Indexp. 398
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521806039
ISBN-10: 0521806038
Series: Cambridge Companions to Philosophy
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 424
Published: 17th March 2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 0.79