Byzantine philosophy is an almost unexplored field. Being regarded either as mere scholars or as primarily religious thinkers, Byzantine philosophers, for the most part, have not been studied on their own philosophical merit, and their works have hardly been scrutinized as works of philosophy. Thus, although distinguished scholars in the past have tried to reconstruct the intellectual life of the Byzantine period, there is no question that we still lack even the
beginnings of a systematic understanding of the philosophy of the Byzantines.
Byzantine Philosophy and its Ancient Sources is conceived as a concerted attempt in this direction. It examines the attitude the Byzantines took towards the ancient philosophical tradition and the specific ancient sources which they relied upon to form their theories. But did the Byzantines merely copy ancient philosophers or interpret them the way they already had been interpreted in late antiquity? Does Byzantine philosophy as a whole lack a distinctive character which differentiates
it from the previous periods in the history of philosophy?
Eleven scholars, representing different disciplines from philosophy and history to classics and medieval studies, approach these questions by thoroughly investigating particular topics which give us some insight as to the directions in which we should look for possible answers. These topics range, in modern terms, from philosophy of language, theory of knowledge, and logic, to political philosophy, ethics, natural philosophy, and metaphysics. The philosophers whose works our contributors study
belong to all periods from the beginnings of Byzantine culture in the fourth century to the demise of the Byzantine Empire in the fifteenth century.
..".the present collection of essays is most welcome...all of the contributions are valuable studies...audiences will benefit from the bibliographies appended to each of the contributions...the book draws well-deserved attention to a too little known period in the history of Western philosophy."-- Michael Tkacz, Gonzaga University
Katerina Ierodiakonou: Introduction
1: Sten Ebbesen: Greek-Latin Philosophical Interaction
2: Paul Kalligas: Basil of Caesarea on the Semantics of Proper Names
3: Dominic O'Meara: The Justinianic Dialogue On Political Science and its Neoplatonic Sources
4: Michael Frede: John of Damascus on Human Action, the Will, and Human Freedom
5: Jonathan Barnes: Syllogistic in the Anonymous Heiberg
6: John Duffy: Helenic Philosophy in Byzantium and the Lonely Mission of Michael Psellos
7: Katerina Ierodiakonou: Psellis' Paraphrasis on Aristotle's De Interpretatione
8: Börje Bydén: 'To Every Argument There is a Counter-Argument'. Theodore Metochites' Defence of Scepticism (Semeiosis 61)
9: Katerina Ierodiakonou: The Anti-Logical Movement in the 14th Century
10: Polymnia Athanassiadi: Byzantine Commentators on the Chaldaean Oracles: Psellos and Plethon
11: George Karamanolis: Plethon and Scholarios on Aristotle
Linos Benakis: Epilogue: Current Research in Byzantine Philosophy
Index Locorum, Index of Names