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British and Public Policy 1776-1939 : An Economic, Social and Political Perspective - Sydney Checkland

British and Public Policy 1776-1939

An Economic, Social and Political Perspective

Paperback

Published: 25th November 1985
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The evolution of British public policy through the industrial revolution, the Victorian age and the inter-war years to 1939 is an essential element of British history. It is also a necessary preliminary to the understanding of today's policy choices as they confront governments. It has not previously been viewed as a totality, embodying the economic aspects, both macro and micro, together with social and welfare provision and the patterns of ideas affecting both. Sydney Checkland's treatment, first published in 1983, embraces all these aspects, and is set within the changing configuration of class and politics as the franchise extended. As successive governments responded to these challenges they sought to improve the operation of the market economy and to ease the social pressures that it generated. They had to find an acceptable level of consent to what they were doing; this often involved limiting the choices of individuals and of groups. Of the latter, in large-scale business the trade unions were an increasing problem. Reciprocally these interests tried both to limit the actions of governments as these affected themselves and, indeed, to influence the general course of policy. Account is taken of the fact that Britain was not one nation, but four, each with its perspective and aspirations. The pattern increases in complexity with the passage of time, so that the discussion of the First World War and the troubled decades of the twenties and thirties comprise the largest section of the book.

' ... has the merits of a first-rate textbook: comprehensive, reliable and clear, it deals effectively with difficult issues without obscuring or over-simplifying them.' New Society 'The strength of the work lies in its remarkable coherence ... culminating in a wonderfully lucid presentation of the economic and social policy agenda as it had evolved by 1939. Such orderliness will make this a useful book for students.' The Times Higher Education Supplement ' ... the book is a tour de force'. The Times Literary Supplement ' ... an impressive monument to the traditional skills of the best economic and social historians.' Economica

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Industrialisation and war, 1776-1815
The state and the proto-industrial economy of Britainp. 11
Core and periphery: England, Wales, Scotland and Irelandp. 32
Social values and social policyp. 42
Assimilating the industrial revolution, 1815-51
The trend to economic laissez-fairep. 61
The social action equation and the zeitgeistp. 82
The Victorian apogee, 1851-74
The market triumphantp. 115
The state and the claims of labourp. 127
The advance of social collectivismp. 135
Industrial maturity and the ending of pre-eminence, 1874-1914
The continued freedom of the market mechanism; the state-induced changes in its operating conditionsp. 163
Land and rule in England, Wales, Scotland and Irelandp. 185
The emergence of a public sector, chiefly at the local government levelp. 196
The assertion of the power of labour in industry and politicsp. 204
Welfare and the social democratic urgep. 227
Total war and troubled peace, 1914-39
The policy imperatives of war; the reconstruction debate and the dismantlement of control, 1914-21p. 261
The strains of nationalism: Wales, Scotland and Irelandp. 277
The advent of peacetime macro-economic managementp. 282
Micro-management: the restructuring of industry and agriculture; the regionsp. 312
Micro-management: the public sectorp. 331
The business responsep. 340
The political and industrial attitudes of labourp. 347
The welfare share: its elements and adequacyp. 370
Public policy by 1939p. 385
Bibliographyp. 400
Indexp. 413
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521270861
ISBN-10: 0521270863
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 444
Published: 25th November 1985
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.65