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Breaking Away From Broken Windows : Baltimore Neighborhoods And The Nationwide Fight Against Crime, Grime, Fear, And Decline - Ralph Taylor

Breaking Away From Broken Windows

Baltimore Neighborhoods And The Nationwide Fight Against Crime, Grime, Fear, And Decline

Paperback Published: 13th December 2000
ISBN: 9780813397580
Number Of Pages: 407

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In " Breaking Away from Broken Windows" Ralph Taylor uses data on recent Baltimore crime-reduction efforts to attack the 'broken windows' thesis--that is, the currently fashionable notion that by reducing or eliminating superficial signs of disorder (dilapidated buildings, graffiti, incivil behavior by teenagers, etc.), urban police deparments can make significant and lasting reductions in crime. Taylor argues that such measures, while useful, are only a partial solution to the problem at hand. His data supports a materialist view: changes in levels of physical decay, superficial social disorder, and racial composition do not lead to higher crime, while economic decline does. He contends that the Baltimore example shows that in order to make real, long-term reductions in crime, urban politicians, businesses, and community leaders must work together to improve the economic fortunes of those living in high-crime areas.

List of Tables and Figuresp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
List of Acronymsp. xix
Background on the Place, the Theory, and Policies
Introductionp. 3
Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniap. 3
Oakland, Californiap. 5
Focusp. 6
Incivilities, Disorder, Social Disorganization, Collective Efficacy, and Social Capitalp. 7
Broader Theoretical and Empirical Context of Current Approachesp. 8
Evidencep. 14
The Argument and the Chapters Aheadp. 17
The "Bottom Line,"p. 21
Notesp. 23
Referencesp. 23
The Baltimore Context, and Its Context with Charles David Linnep. 27
The War Has Been Won?p. 27
Purposep. 29
Changes in People, Housing, and Jobsp. 30
Changes in Crime: The City as a Wholep. 34
Baltimore Neighborhood Crime Ratesp. 39
Shifting Incivilities, 1981-1994p. 45
Summary Comments on Changesp. 48
The Questions of Fear and Neighborhood Problemsp. 50
In the Newsp. 58
Notesp. 81
Referencesp. 84
The Incivilities Thesis: Theory, Measurement, and Policyp. 93
Organizationp. 95
Variations on a Themep. 95
Empirical Support for Hypothesesp. 104
A Theoretical Aside on Demographic and Structural Issuesp. 109
From Theory to Research: Incivilities Indicatorsp. 110
Implications for Policy, Practice, and Theoryp. 120
Notesp. 122
Referencesp. 125
Quantitative Evidence on Origins and Impacts
Origins of Incivilitiesp. 135
A Story About One Broken Windowp. 135
Focus and Organizationp. 136
Perspectives on the Origins of Incivilitiesp. 136
An Unexciting, but Necessary Methodological Aside on Changep. 142
Another Necessary, but Unexciting, Aside on Multilevel Modelsp. 146
Overview of Indicators, Outcomes, and Controlsp. 147
Incivilities Observedp. 149
Incivilities As Perceived by Residentsp. 164
Discussionp. 170
Notesp. 172
Referencesp. 175
Impacts of Incivilities on Later Crime and Declinep. 179
A Systemic Perspectivep. 180
Focusp. 181
Data and Analysisp. 182
Changes on Decline Indicators in the 1980sp. 184
Crime Rate Changesp. 185
Predicting Declinep. 190
Discussionp. 194
Notesp. 197
Referencesp. 199
Longitudinal Impacts of Incivilities on Reactions to Crime and Local Commitmentp. 203
Reactions to Crimep. 204
Focusp. 210
Data and Analysisp. 211
Impacts of Specific Predictorsp. 219
Closing Thoughtsp. 228
Support for Longitudinal Impacts of Incivilitiesp. 231
Notesp. 232
Referencesp. 236
Qualitative Evidence from Community Leaders
The Community Perspective: Views About Incivilities and Responses to Incivilities in the Context of Collective Crime Prevention Initiativesp. 243
Organization of the Chapter and Questions Addressedp. 249
What Influences the Type of Collective Strategies Adopted? Podolefsky's Modelp. 250
Data Sourcesp. 258
Responses to Drug Sales and Use and Related Crime Problemsp. 260
Neighborhood Fabric and Responses to Crime and Drug Sales and Usep. 290
Closing Commentsp. 294
Sample Selection Procedures and Contact Attemptsp. 295
Notesp. 297
Referencesp. 298
Place Power and Implications for Coproduced Safety: Changes and Stability in Neighborhood Names, Boundaries, and Organizationsp. 203
Neighborhood Mapping and Current Data Sourcesp. 305
Organizationp. 307
Naming and Boundingp. 308
Service Delivery Issues and Community Policingp. 316
Stability and Changesp. 318
Implications: Can Police-Community Partnerships Organize Around Neighborhood Units?p. 346
Summaryp. 354
Notesp. 357
Referencesp. 360
Closing Thoughtsp. 365
Context and Ironiesp. 365
Does the Theory Get Support?p. 366
The Context Outside the Theoryp. 375
Notesp. 378
Referencesp. 378
Indexp. 381
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813397580
ISBN-10: 0813397588
Series: Crime and Society
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 407
Published: 13th December 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.96 x 15.55  x 2.57
Weight (kg): 0.61
Edition Number: 1

Earn 305 Qantas Points
on this Book