This is a study of Petrograd in the period immediately following the Russian Revolution. Formerly the imperial capital St. Petersburg, in the years after 1917 Petrograd became a revolutionary citadel. Mary McAuley's political and social history throws into relief the interplay of factors that contributed to the formation of the new Soviet state. Her detailed account of life in the city provides new insights into the progress of the Russian Revolution and the
establishment, in 1921, of the Leninist political order. Bread and Justice is based on a wide array of original sources, including newspapers, pamphlets, posters, memoirs, and
personal interviews. It paints a multi-dimensional picture of everyday life in post-Revolutionary Petrograd, exploring themes such as violence and unemployment, civic justice and bread rations, political ideas and cultural dreams. This is a book about the people of the city - Bolshevik commissars, imperial princesses, hungry schoolchildren, and theatre artists all make their appearance - and about the impact of the Russian Revolution on their lives. It is a major contribution to our
understanding of the revolutionary process and the formation of the Soviet Union.
'This book fills many gaps. Mary McAuley emphasises her wish to tell a story, and indeed the narrative descriptions are the strongest feature. This was clearly enjoyable to write ... a work to savour.'
Times Higher Educational Supplement
'detailed study ... As a social history of a city during revolution and civil war McAuley's book is a veritable treasure chest to which students will turn for many years to come.'
Geoffrey Swain, Bristol Polytechnic, Revolutionary Russia, Vol. 5, No. 2, Dec '92
'wide-ranging, sensitive, and absorbing study ... McAuley's study offers impressive coverage of Party politics, the urban milieu, factory life, food supply, education, culture, and municipal social services. It provides a skilful blend of social and political history. For that reason alone, it deserves to be widely read.'
Peter Gatrell, University of Manchester, The Economic History Review, Volume XLVI, No. 1, February 1993
'not only a most welcome but also an extremely important addition to the meagre list of local surveys of War Communism ... Bread and Justice is a work of many virtues ... McAuley greatly enhances our understanding of the process by her extended analysis of economic and social affairs ... splendid achievement.'
R.B. McKean, University of Stirling, EHR, Oct '92
List of plates; List of maps; List of tables; List of abbreviations; Glossary; Introduction: Part I. The City and Revolution: The end of the Imperial city; Revolution and political responses; An overview: key developments, 1917-1922; Pat II. Gaining Power: Weapons and Authority, October 1917 - August 1918; Coercion and crime; Privileged Petrograd and electoral politics; Factory and soviet elections; Part III. Constructing a Workers' Government: Down in the
districts, 1917-1920; City soviet and commissariats, 1917-1920; Defining a role for the party, 1917-1919; Part IV. The State Takes Over: Industry, October 1917 - Spring 1919; The search for a socialist
factory; Management and unions; Protest from the shop-floor; Part V. The State Takes Over: Goods and Services, October 1917-Spring 1921; Health and housing; Bread without the bourgeoisie; Teachers and children; Part IV. Class Enemies, Bourgeois Specialists, and Political Opponents: Culture and class; Academe and the artists, October 1917-1921; The Cheka, September 1918-1921; Part VII. A Tangled Skein: Crisis in the spring of 1921; The party takes over, 1921-1922; Conclusion; Appendix 1. Leading
Petrograd Bolsheviks, 1917-1922; Appendix 2. The Petrograd Committee RKP(b) October 1917 - September 1921; Bibliography; Index