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Brazilian National Cinema : National Cinemas - Lisa Shaw

Brazilian National Cinema

National Cinemas

Paperback Published: 20th August 2007
ISBN: 9780415338165
Number Of Pages: 223

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Brazilian cinema is one of the most influential national cinemas in Latin America and this wide-ranging study traces the evolution of Brazilian film from the silent era to the present day, including detailed studies of more recent international box-office hits, such as Central Station (1998) and City of God (2002).

Brazilian National Cinema gives due importance to traditionally overlooked aspects of Brazilian cinema, such as popular genres, ranging from musical comedies (the chanchada) to soft-core porn films (the pornochanchada) and horror films, and also provides a fresh approach to the internationally acclaimed avant-garde Cinema Novo of the 1960s.

Lisa Shaw and Stephanie Dennison apply recent theories on stardom, particularly relating to issues of ethnicity, race and gender, to both well-known Brazilian performers, such as Carmen Miranda and Sonia Braga, and lesser known domestic icons, such as the Afro-Brazilian comic actor, Grande Otelo (Big Othello), and the uberblonde children's TV and film star, and media mogul, Xuxa.

This timely addition to the National Cinemas series provides a comprehensive overview of the relationship between Brazilian cinema and issues of national and cultural identity.

List of figuresp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
The 'national' in the Brazilian contextp. 1
Cinephilia in Brazilp. 5
The question of inclusionp. 9
The (elusive) audiencep. 10
Structure of this bookp. 12
Cinema and the Statep. 15
The First Republic (1889-1930)p. 17
Film and the lawp. 17
Film and nation buildingp. 18
Cinema and moralityp. 20
Foreign influencesp. 20
The Vargas years (1930-45 and 1951-54)p. 22
The INCEp. 24
Censorship and the DIPp. 25
The Cine Jornal Brasileirop. 26
Film under democracyp. 27
Filmmaking and the dictatorship (1964-84)p. 29
Introductionp. 29
Instituto Nacional de Cinemap. 30
Embrafilmep. 32
Cinema and redemocratisation (1984-2006)p. 36
Introductionp. 36
Retomada legislationp. 36
Going global: cinema and televisionp. 37
Future prospectsp. 39
Defining 'national' cinema, 1896 to 1960p. 41
The pioneersp. 43
Adhemar Gonzaga (1901-78)p. 43
Humberto Mauro (1897-1983)p. 47
Carmen Santos (1904-52)p. 55
Gilda de Abreu (1904-79)p. 64
The pioneers and the nationp. 68
The chanchada, the only Brazilian genre?p. 70
Carnival filmsp. 70
The chanchada is bornp. 71
The Atlantida studio, Rio de Janeirop. 71
The Sao Paulo backlash: the Vera Cruz studiop. 73
The chanchada as national genrep. 76
Defining 'national' cinema since 1960p. 79
Cinema novop. 81
Introductionp. 81
Cinema novo at its best: Vidas secas and Glauber Rochap. 83
The international dimension of cinema novop. 86
Cinema novo: a failed project?p. 87
Going underground: cinema marginalp. 88
The pornochanchadap. 90
Introductionp. 90
Sex and the Generalsp. 92
No sex please, we're Brazilian!p. 94
The arrival of hard-corep. 99
The nation in contemporary cinemap. 101
Dystopian cityscapesp. 101
Utopian landscapesp. 109
Conclusionp. 113
Brazilian identities on screen: starsp. 115
The stars of the chanchadas, 1933-60p. 117
Nationhood and ethnicityp. 117
Creating a star system in Brazilp. 118
Carmen Miranda (1909-55)p. 120
Eliana Macedo (1925-90)p. 125
Oscarito (1906-70)p. 130
Grande Otelo (1915-93)p. 133
Conclusionp. 139
Icons of popular culture post-1960p. 141
Renato Aragaop. 141
Amacio Mazzaropip. 147
Mojica Marins: Coffin Joe and Brazilian horrorp. 154
Bombshells: pin-up actresses post-1960p. 161
Sonia Braga: Brazil's favourite morenap. 162
As loiras: Brazil's screen blondesp. 167
Concluding remarksp. 173
Notesp. 175
Filmographyp. 205
Indexp. 213
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415338165
ISBN-10: 0415338166
Series: National Cinemas
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 223
Published: 20th August 2007
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.44 x 16.08  x 1.35
Weight (kg): 0.35
Edition Number: 1