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Brazil : Culture And Politics In A New Industrial Powerhouse - Ronald M. Schneider


Culture And Politics In A New Industrial Powerhouse

Paperback Published: 16th February 1996
ISBN: 9780813324371
Number Of Pages: 272

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Myths and misconceptions about Brazil, the world's fifth largest and most populous country, are long-standing. Far from a sleeping giant, Brazil is the southern hemisphere's most important country. Entering its second decade of civilian constitutional government after a protracted period of military rule, it has also recently achieved sustained economic growth. Nevertheless, the nation's population of 157 million is divided by huge inequities in income and education, which are largely correlated with race, and crime rates have spiraled as a result of conflicts over land and resources.Ronald Schneider, a close observer of Brazilian society and politics for many decades, provides a comprehensive multidimensional portrait of this, Latin America's most complex country. He begins with an insightful description of its diverse regions and, then analyzes the historical processes of Brazil's development from the European encounter in 1500 to independence in 1822, the middle-class revolution in 1930, the military takeover in 1964, and the return to democracy after 1984. Schneider goes on to offer a detailed treatment of contemporary government and politics, including the 1994 elections. His closing chapters explore Brazil's rich cultural heritage and assess Brazil's place in the international arena.

List of Tables and Illustrations
List of Acronyms
The Several Brazilsp. 1
The Heartlandp. 4
The Southp. 12
The Center-Westp. 17
The Northp. 21
The Northeastp. 28
From Discovery Through Oligarchical Republic: Brazil to 1930p. 35
From Colony to Kingdomp. 35
Consolidation and Nation Buildingp. 38
Establishment of the Republicp. 44
Transition to Civilian Rulep. 48
Politics Without Parties, 1906-1922p. 51
Tenentismo and the Road Toward Revolutionp. 54
From Revolution to Revolution: Brazil 1930-1964p. 58
The 1930 Revolution and Vargas's Risep. 58
The Vargas Regimep. 62
The Democratic Interregnum and Vargas Againp. 67
The Quest for Development and Democracy: 1955-1960p. 73
Crises, Compromise, and Radicalization: 1961-1962p. 80
Dissensus, Decay, and Disaster: 1963-1964p. 84
From Military Rule Through Democratic Transition: Brazil 1964-1989p. 88
Castelo Branco and the Arbiter-Ruler Dilemmap. 88
Dominance by the Durosp. 91
The Road Back Under Geiselp. 95
Figueiredo: Political Opening and Economic Difficulties, 1979-1984p. 99
The Sarney Government: Transition Under a Caretakerp. 104
Consolidating the Transitionp. 109
Politics and Government Policies in the 1990sp. 113
The First Year: Shakedown Cruise to the Doldrumsp. 114
The Second Year: Stemming the Slide and Regaining Momentump. 117
The Third Year: Disaster for Collor, Opportunity for Francop. 120
1993: Muddling Throughp. 122
Overhauling the Constitution and Choosing a Presidentp. 123
Composition and Orientation of the Cardoso Administrationp. 127
Political Organizations and Machinery of Governmentp. 130
Soldiers, Property Owners, and Workersp. 132
The Economy and Financesp. 137
Brazilian Growth: Demographic and Economicp. 137
Industrialization, Modernization of Agriculture, and Natural Resourcesp. 141
Infrastructure: Energy, Transportation, Communications, and Financial Institutionsp. 147
Shadows on Development: Inflation, the Public Sector, and Paying the Billsp. 152
External Factors: Debt, Balance of Payments, Investment, and Tradep. 157
Society and Social Problemsp. 169
Workforce, Income Distribution, and Social Mobilityp. 170
Social Conditions and Problemsp. 173
Educationp. 178
Racial Factors and Race Relationsp. 182
Religionp. 187
Culture and Brazilian Waysp. 191
Cultural Traits and the Mediap. 192
The Written Wordp. 195
Music and Theaterp. 197
Cinema and Electronic Mediap. 199
Art and Architecturep. 202
Brazil in the Worldp. 204
From Object to Actorp. 205
The Once-Special U.S.-Brazilian Relationshipp. 207
Brazil's Neighbors Become More Specialp. 213
Worldview and Foreign Policy Makingp. 214
Notesp. 219
About the Book and Authorp. 237
Indexp. 239
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813324371
ISBN-10: 0813324378
Series: Nations of the Modern World - Latin America
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 16th February 1996
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1