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Brains/Practices/Relativism : Social Theory After Cognitive Science - Stephen P. Turner

Brains/Practices/Relativism

Social Theory After Cognitive Science

Paperback

Published: 1st January 2002
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Brains/Practices/Relativism presents the first major rethinking of social theory in light of cognitive science. Stephen P. Turner focuses especially on connectionism, which views learning as a process of adaptation to input that, in turn, leads to patterns of response distinct to each individual. This means that there is no common "server" from which people download shared frameworks that enable them to cooperate or communicate. Therefore, argues Turner, "practices"--in the sense that the term is widely used in the social sciences and humanities--is a myth, and so are the "cultures" that are central to anthropological and sociological thought.

In a series of tightly argued essays, Turner traces out the implications that discarding the notion of shared frameworks has for relativism, social constructionism, normativity, and a number of other concepts. He suggests ways in which these ideas might be reformulated more productively, in part through extended critiques of the work of scholars such as Ian Hacking, Andrew Pickering, Pierre Bourdieu, Quentin Skinner, Robert Brandom, Clifford Geertz, and Edward Shils.

Introduction: Social Theory After Cognitive Science
Throwing Out the Tacit Rule Book: Learning and Practices
Searle's Social Reality
Imitation or the Internalization of Norms: Is Twentieth-Century Social Theory Based on the Wrong Choice?
Relativism as Explanation
The Limits of Social Constructionism
Making Normative Soup Out of Nonnormative Bones
Teaching Subtlety of Thought: The Lessons of "Contextualism"
Practice in Real Time
The Significance of Shils
References
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226817408
ISBN-10: 0226817407
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 1st January 2002
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.34