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Boys and Girls Learn Differently! a Guide for Teachers and Parents : Revised 10th Anniversary Edition - Michael Gurian

Boys and Girls Learn Differently! a Guide for Teachers and Parents

Revised 10th Anniversary Edition

By: Michael Gurian, Kathy Stevens (As told to)

Paperback

Published: 27th October 2010
For Ages: 18+ years old
Ships: 7 to 10 business days
7 to 10 business days
$29.75

eBook View Product

Published: 26th August 2010
Format: ePUB
$17.99

This book offers much-needed tools, based on scientific and psychological field research, that demonstrates the fundamental core differences in boys and girls learning styles, skills, strengths, and weakness, based upon specific ages of development. Boys and girls are both hard-wired and socialized differently, and consequently exhibit distinct gender differences. For example, girls talk sooner, develop better vocabularies, read better and have better fine motor skills. Boys, on the other hand, have better auditory memory, three dimensional reasoning, are more prone to explore and learn more through direct action and kinetic movement then while sitting in a chair at a desk all day. This has profound implications on how classrooms are designed, built, and utilized, from Kindergarten to high school graduation.
This gender-based way to education our children is based on brain science, neurological development, and chemical and hormonal disparaties. The innovations based on these discoveries were applied and proven successful in schools throughout the world.
Major research and developmental advances have been made since the first edition of this book was published, particularly in the field of brain imaging that reveals exactly how boys and girls learn, and what's the difference. We now know much more about memory, vision, aural and kinetic experiences of the brain and how it influences the classroom. Consequently this revised edition includes cutting edge tips and technique as well as examples from field trial from a broad variety of schools and settings.
The book also tackles the thorny question of same-sex education, with Gurian recommending that during the middle school years -- seventh, eighth, and ninth grades particularly -- boys and girls can benefit greatly from being in single-sex classrooms

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv

INTRODUCTION 1

Who We Are and What We Do 2

How to Use This New Edition 5

Success Stories Since the Missouri Pilot 6

Innovating with Single-Sex Options 8

Moving Forward at the Nexus of Science and Practice 9

PART ONE: HOW BOYS AND GIRLS LEARN DIFFERENTLY 11

1 HOW THE BRAIN LEARNS: INHERENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BOYS AND GIRLS 13

The Wide Spectrum of Gender in the Brain 15

How the Brain Works 17

How Boys? and Girls? Minds Are Different 19

Developmental and Structural Differences 25

Chemical Differences 27

Hormonal Differences 27

Functional Differences 29

Differences in Processing Emotion 31

Why the Brains Are Different 37

A Brief History of Brain Difference 38

The Role of Hormones in the Womb and at Puberty 40

2 HOW BRAIN-BASED DIFFERENCES AFFECT BOYS AND GIRLS 43

Areas of Learning-Style Difference 44

Deductive and Inductive Reasoning 44

Abstract and Concrete Reasoning 45

Use of Language 45

Logic and Evidence 46

The Likelihood of Boredom 46

Use of Space 47

Movement 47

Sensitivity and Group Dynamics 47

Use of Symbolism 49

Use of Learning Teams 49

Learning Differences and the Intelligences 50

Time and Sequence 50

Space and Place 51

Applying the Intelligences to Brain-Based Gender Difference 52

The State of Boys and Girls in Our Schools 54

Advantages for Boys, Challenges for Girls 54

Advantages for Girls, Challenges for Boys 56

Applying Brain-Based Research to Gender Advantage 57

Studies Based on Political Assumptions 64

The Political Search for Workplace Privation 66

Creating the Ultimate Classroom 67

PART TWO: CREATING THE ULTIMATE CLASSROOM FOR BOTH BOYS AND GIRLS 71

Authors' Note 72

3 THE ULTIMATE PRESCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN CLASSROOM 75

The Foundation of Early Learning: Bonding and Attachment 76

Handling Children?s Emotional Stress 78

Bonding and Attachment Solutions 80

Day Care, Preschool, and Kindergarten Community Building 86

The Case for Preschool 86

Parents as Teachers 87

The Parent Education Coordinator 88

Nutrition and Learning 89

Carbohydrates, Proteins, and the School Day 89

Fatty Acids 91

Dealing with Aggressive Behavior 92

Aggression Nurturance 95

Increasing Empathy Nurturance and Verbalization 96

Discipline Techniques 99

The Outdoor Classroom 101

Directing Boys and Girls to Academic Excellence 103

Teaching Math and Spatials 105

Language Development 113

Special Education 117

Creating a Tribe: Bonding and School-Home Alliances 118

Use of Psychotropic Medications 119

The Ultimate Preschool and Kindergarten Classroom for Both Boys and Girls 123

For the Boys 123

For the Girls 124

Tips for Parents 125

4 THE ULTIMATE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CLASSROOM 127

Structural Innovations 129

Use of School Time 130

Class Size, Number of Teachers, and Teacher-to-Student Ratio 133

Using Group Dynamics and Group Work as a Basis of Pedagogy 135

Use of Computers and Other Media in Elementary School 137

The Outdoor Classroom 139

Bonding and Attachment in Elementary Learning 142

Handling Students' Emotional Stress 149

The Role of the Mentor 155

Community Collaboration: Mentors from Outside the School 158

How to Provide Discipline in the Elementary Classroom 160

Learning from Past Mistakes 161

Discipline Techniques After an Offending Act 163

Discipline Techniques to Prevent Undisciplined Behavior 168

Motivation Techniques 170

Character Education 171

CHARACTERplus 172

Integrating Character Education into the Whole School 173

Dealing with Cruelty, Hazing, and Violence 174

Defi nition of Terms 175

Zero-Tolerance Policies 176

Innovations for Academic Excellence 180

Innovations for Teaching Language Arts, Especially Reading and Writing 180

Innovations for Teaching Math and Science 184

Standardized Testing 189

Special Education, Learning Disabilities, and Behavioral Disabilities 191

Class Within a Class 193

Fast ForWord 195

Other Spatial Stimulants and Use of Movement 195

The Multisensory Approach to Reading Problems 196

Cooperative and Competitive Learning 196

Sports and Athletics 199

The Ultimate Elementary Classroom for Both Boys and Girls 200

For the Boys 200

For the Girls 201

Tips for Parents 203

5 THE ULTIMATE MIDDLE SCHOOL CLASSROOM 204

Structural Innovations 206

Single-Sex Education 206

Rites of Passage 215

Use of Uniforms 218

Classroom Size and Other Innovations 220

Bonding and Attachment 222

The Early Adolescent's Drop in Self-Esteem 223

Handling Students' Emotional Stresses 225

Community Collaboration 231

How to Provide Discipline in the Middle School Classroom 234

Strategies for Providing Discipline 234

Mandatory Sports 238

Character Education 240

Innovations for Teaching Language Arts and Math and Science 243

Innovations for Teaching Language Arts 243

Innovations for Teaching Math and Science 247

Girls and Computer Science 249

Special Education 250

Rethinking Special Education Through the Lens of Gender and the Brain 252

Innovations for Dealing with Behavioral Elements of Special Ed 255

The Underachiever as a Special Ed Category 257

"Mr. Daba": The Power of Bonding 258

The Ultimate Middle School Classroom for Both Boys and Girls 261

For the Boys 262

For the Girls 263

Tips for Parents 263

6 THE ULTIMATE HIGH SCHOOL CLASSROOM 266

Bonding and Attachment 268

Communication and Confl ict Resolution 270

The Art of Mentoring 272

Peer Leadership, Not Peer Pressure 274

Discipline Systems 275

Character Education and Service Projects 277

Structural Innovations 278

Class and School Size 279

Uniforms 280

Time and Time-of-Day Innovations 284

The Innovations Students Are Asking For 286

Counterinnovations 287

Rites of Passage 289

Full Psychosocial Education, Not Just Sex Education 291

Improving Sex Education 292

Gender Education 294

Innovations to Improve Academic Learning 297

Teaching Mathematics, Science, and Technology 298

Technology and Gender 301

Teaching Reading and Literacy 302

Standardized Testing 307

Special Education 310

The Ultimate High School Classroom for Both Boys and Girls 313

For the Boys 313

For the Girls 314

Tips for Parents 315

What High School Students Are Saying: Their Fears 316

EPILOGUE 319

NOTES 323

PARENTS' BOOK STUDY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS LEARN DIFFERENTLY! 333

TEACHERS' BOOK STUDY FOR BOYS AND GIRLS LEARN DIFFERENTLY! 341

THE GURIAN INSTITUTE 349

ABOUT THE AUTHORS 351

INDEX 355

ISBN: 9780470608258
ISBN-10: 0470608250
Audience: General
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 27th October 2010
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.79
Weight (kg): 0.49
Edition Number: 1
Edition Type: Special edition