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Boilers and Burners : Design and Theory - Prabir Basu

Boilers and Burners

Design and Theory

Hardcover

Published: 17th December 1999
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A joint effort of three continents, this book is about rational utilization of the fossil fuels for generation of heat or power. It provides a synthesis of two scientific traditions: the high-performance, but often proprietary, Western designs, and the elaborate national standards based on less advanced Eastern designs; it presents both in the same Western format. It is intended for engineers and advanced undergraduate and graduate students with an interest in steam power plants, burners, or furnaces. The text uses a format of practice based on theory: each chapter begins with an explanation of a process, with basic theory developed from first principles; then empirical relationships are presented and, finally, design methods are explained by worked out examples. It will thus provide researchers with a resource for applications of theory to practice. Plant operators will find solutions to and explanations of many of their daily operational problems. Designers will find this book ready with required data, design methods and equations. Finally, consultants will find it very useful for design evaluation.

Series Prefacep. v
Prefacep. vii
Introductionp. 1
Principles of Boiler Operationp. 1
Classification of Boilersp. 6
Description of Boilersp. 6
Referencesp. 14
General Design Considerationsp. 15
Boiler Specificationsp. 15
Design Stepsp. 17
Referencesp. 20
Fuel and Combustion Calculationsp. 21
Features of Fuelp. 21
Stoichiometric Calculationsp. 28
Enthalpy Calculation of Air and Combustion Productsp. 36
Heat Balancep. 37
Generation of SO[subscript 2] and NO[subscript x]p. 46
Nomenclaturep. 48
Referencesp. 51
Coal Preparation Systems for Boilersp. 52
Coal Preparation Systemsp. 52
Pulverizing Properties of Coalp. 56
Pulverizing Air Systemp. 59
Size Reducing Machinesp. 63
Other Components for Coal Preparation Systemsp. 70
Design of Coal Preparation System for Pulverized Coal Boilersp. 73
Fuel Feeding in Fluidized Bed Boilersp. 76
Nomenclaturep. 78
Referencesp. 79
Design of Oil Burnersp. 80
Design of Oil Supply Systemp. 80
Oil Atomizersp. 82
Air Registersp. 108
Design Principles of Oil Fired Boilersp. 118
Nomenclaturep. 125
Referencesp. 127
Boiler Furance Design Methodsp. 128
General Design Principlesp. 128
Flame Emissivityp. 135
Heat Transfer Calculations for the PC Boiler Furnacep. 140
Water Wall Arrangementp. 146
Fouling and Thermal Efficiency Factors for Water Wall Tubesp. 147
Temperature Field Coefficient, Mp. 149
Furnace Emissivityp. 150
Distribution of Heat Load in Furnacep. 151
Nomenclaturep. 157
Referencesp. 159
Convective Heating Surfacesp. 161
Design of Superheater and Reheaterp. 161
Temperature Control in Superheater and Reheaterp. 167
Adjustment of Heat Absorption in Superheater and Reheaterp. 172
Economizerp. 178
Air Heaterp. 180
Arrangement of Back-Pass Heating Surfacesp. 185
Heat Transfer Calculations for Convective Heating Surfacesp. 187
Design Methods of Convection Heating Surfacesp. 206
Nomenclaturep. 207
Referencesp. 211
Swirl Burnersp. 212
Design of a Swirl Burnerp. 212
Flow Resistance in Swirl Burnersp. 225
Examples of Swirl Burnersp. 226
Arrangement of Multiple Swirl Burnersp. 230
Design Procedure of Swirl Burnersp. 233
Nomenclaturep. 239
Referencesp. 241
Design of Novel Burnersp. 242
Types of PC Burnersp. 242
PC Burner With Blunt Bodyp. 243
Precombustion Chamber Burnerp. 246
Boat Burnerp. 248
Co-Flow Jet Burner With High Differential Velocityp. 249
Counter-Flow Jet Burnerp. 250
Dense and Lean Phase PC Burnerp. 253
Down-Shot Flame Combustion Techniquep. 257
Low NO[subscript x] Burnerp. 259
Nomenclaturep. 266
Referencesp. 267
Tangentially Fired Burnersp. 269
General Descriptionsp. 269
Design of Burners With Peripheral Airp. 279
Design of Tilting Burnersp. 281
Burners for Bituminous Coalp. 284
Anthracite and Lean Coal Fired PC Burnerp. 286
Brown Coal Fired Direct Burnerp. 291
Multifuel Burnerp. 293
Design Methods for Tangentially Fired Boilersp. 294
Example of Burner Designp. 297
Nomenclaturep. 300
Referencesp. 301
Fluidized Bed Boilersp. 302
Fluidized Bed Boilerp. 302
Major Features of Fluidized Bed Boilersp. 304
Basics of Fluidized Bedsp. 309
Bubbling Fluidized Bed Boilersp. 314
Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilersp. 319
Distributor Platesp. 327
Loop Sealsp. 331
Gas-Solid Separatorsp. 334
Nomenclaturep. 340
Referencesp. 344
Steam-Water Circulation in Boilerp. 347
Natural Circulation Systemp. 346
Calculations for Simple and Complex Tube Circuitsp. 359
Two-Phase Flow Resistancep. 360
Height of Economizer Section in the Riserp. 362
Worked-Out Examplep. 364
Nomenclaturep. 369
Referencesp. 371
Forced Circulation for Supercritical or Subcritical Boilersp. 372
General Descriptionp. 373
Design Principle of Forced Circulation Boilerp. 374
Features of Forced Circulation Boilersp. 375
Supercritical Boilersp. 381
Corrosion and Fouling of Heat Transfer Surfacesp. 385
High-Temperature Corrosion of External Surfacesp. 386
Prevention of High-Temperature Corrosionp. 392
Low-Temperature Corrosion on External Surfacesp. 397
Corrosion and Scaling of Internal Surfacesp. 402
Fouling and Slaggingp. 406
Calculation of Soot and Ash Depositionp. 412
Prediction of Slagging Potentialp. 416
Design Measure for Reduction of Fouling and Slaggingp. 421
Nomcnclaturep. 423
Referencesp. 424
Erosion Prevention in Boilersp. 426
Theory of Erosion of Heating Surfacesp. 426
Worked-Out Examplep. 431
Factors Influencing Tube Erosionp. 433
Analyses of Erosion of Tube Banks in Cross-Flowp. 436
Permissible Gas Velocity for Safe Operationp. 439
Erosion Protection for the Economizer, Reheater, and Superheaterp. 444
Erosion in Tubular Air Heatersp. 448
Erosion in Fluidized Bed Boilersp. 450
Nomenclaturep. 454
Referencesp. 456
Pressure Drop in Gas and Air Ductsp. 457
Draft Systemsp. 457
Pressure Drop in Air and Gas Duct Systemsp. 459
Pressure Drop Across Heating Surfacesp. 466
Pressure Drop in Natural Draft Gas Pathp. 471
Pressure Drop Through Air Ductsp. 475
Selection of Fansp. 479
Pressure Drop Through Water or Steam Tubesp. 480
Nomenclaturep. 481
Referencesp. 483
Mechanical Design of Pressure Partsp. 485
Selection of Materialsp. 485
Important Mechanical Properties of Various Materialsp. 487
Fundamental Metallurgical Concepts to Improve Steel Propertiesp. 490
Design Methodsp. 495
Thickness (Scantling) Calculationsp. 509
Nomenclaturep. 523
Referencesp. 523
Tables of Design Datap. 524
Specific heat of air, flue gas and ash at atmospheric pressurep. 525
Some physical properties of iron, metal, and selected steelsp. 526
Linear thermal expansion of steelp. 526
Specific heat capacity of steelp. 527
Electrical resistivity of steelp. 527
Thermal conductivity of steelp. 527
Density, heat capacity, and heat conductivity for metalsp. 528
Thermal properties of the saturated water and steam (arranged by temperature)p. 530
Thermal properties of the saturated water and steam (arranged by pressure)p. 532
Thermal properties of unsaturated water and superheated steam at different pressuresp. 534
Conversion factorsp. 541
Indexp. 553
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780387987033
ISBN-10: 0387987037
Series: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SERIES
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 566
Published: 17th December 1999
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.91