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Biotechnology in Agriculture : Proceedings of the First Asia-Pacific Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology, Beijing, China, 20-24 August 1992 - Chongbiao You

Biotechnology in Agriculture

Proceedings of the First Asia-Pacific Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology, Beijing, China, 20-24 August 1992

By: Chongbiao You (Editor), Zhangliang Chen (Editor), Yong Ding (Editor)

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Published: 31st March 1993
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The First Asia --- Pacific Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology was held in Beijing, China on 20-24, August, 1992. Over half the population in the world is in the Asian and Pacific Region. With an increasing population and decreasing farming lands, it is important to develop agricultural biotechnology for improvement of the productivity, profitability and stability of the farming system. The Conference's main objectives were to bring together scientists working in different fields of agricultural biotechnology to stimulate discussion on this important process and to have an appraisal of the most recent studies concerning genetic manipulation of plants, plant cell and tissue culture, plant gene regulation, plant-microbe interaction, animal biotechnology etc. The Conference was attended by 391 scientists from different countries and regions. This volume presents the contributions of the lectures and a selected number of posters, which are an up-to-date account of the state of knowledge on agricultural biotechnology. The book provides a valuable reference source not only for specialists in agricultural biotechnology, but also for researchers working on related aspects of agronomy, biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, microbiology and animal sciences. It is with great pleasure to acknowledge the contributions of the authors in assuring the prompt publication of this volume. We would also extend our sincere thank to Kluwer Academic Publishers for the publication of these proceedings.

Foreword
Opening lecture
Agricultural biotechnology in Chinap. 1
General papers
The cellular and molecular mechanism of coat protein mediated resistance in transgenic plantsp. 7
Isolation and partial characterization of an antifungal protein from ricep. 11
Somatic hybridization for improvement of crop Brassicasp. 18
The role of plant regeneration from protoplasts in agricultural biotechnologyp. 27
RNA polymerase and nodD promoters of the nodulation genes in R. leguminosarump. 33
Mechanisms of somatic embryogenesis in plant cell culturesp. 37
Emerging strategies for enhancing crop resistance to microbial pathogensp. 45
Biotechnology in a changing world:Implications for rice researchp. 61
Biological insect control and genetic engineeringp. 65
Present plant biotechnologyp. 78
Biological software in agriculturep. 86
Factors affecting the viability of fresh and cryopreserved embryosp. 94
The chloroplast genome from crop plantsp. 105
Biovillages and a better biofuture for Asiap. 112
Progress and prospects for using biotechnology in plant breedingp. 125
Production and analysis of transgenic rice plantsp. 130
Development and prospects of hybrid rice breedingp. 136
Growth hormone gene and the transgenic fishp. 145
Genetic Manipulation
Transgenic cabbage plants with insect tolerancep. 156
Synthesis and expression of a gene for mature small subunit of rice rubiscop. 160
Functional and structural analysis of promoter fragments in soybean nuclear DNAp. 165
The endosperm-specific activity of a rice prolamin promoter in transgenic tobaccop. 169
Isolation of insecticidal genes for transgenic plantsp. 174
Cytoplasmic male sterility and male fertility restoration the expression and evolution of the mt S-Pcf locusp. 178
Cloning and nucleotide sequence of chloroplast psaA gene from sorghump. 181
Finger printing barley genome using PCR with arbitrary primer in barley plants regenerated from tissue culturep. 185
Construction of rice Zhenshan 97B mitochondrial genomic library, screening and mapping of atp6 atp9 genesp. 189
Interaction of nuclear proteins with 5'-upstream region of rice waxy genep. 195
Studies on wheat HMW glutenin genep. 200
Integration of RFLP and conventional linkage maps in ricep. 204
Genetic engineering of Chinese potato cultivars by introducing antibacterial polypetide genep. 208
Homeotic mutations and flower development in Petuniap. 213
The regulation of light and protein:synthesis inhibitors of gene expression of rubisco and rubisco subunit binding proteinp. 217
Progress in RFLP gene tagging and marker-aided selectionp. 221
Rice chromosome mapping by using reciprocal translocations and tertiary trisomicsp. 229
Genetic transformation of potato with Bacillus thuringiensis HD73 cryia(C) gene and development of insect resistant plantsp. 233
A microcomputer program package MAPL for automatic construction of RFLP linkage mapsp. 237
Identification of wheat-wheatgrass translocation lines by RAPD analysisp. 240
Expression of a rice sulfur-rich 10kDa prolamin gene in E. colip. 245
Tagging genes for bacterial blight resistance in rice by RFLP and RAPD markersp. 250
Patterns of restriction fragment length polymorphisms in corn, barley and ricep. 254
Tagging rice blast resistance genes to RFLP markersp. 258
Analysis of activity of rice actin 15' sequences in transgenic creeping bentgrass(Agrostis palustris Huds.)p. 261
Plant Cell and Tissue Culture
Biotechnological control of plant sexual reproduction and its application to plant breedingp. 265
Somaclonal variation in plants regenerated from rice callus-submergence tolerance and other agronomic charactersp. 269
A new breeding line of tobacco selected by somatic hybridization between N.tabacum and N.rusticap. 273
Studies on the propagules used for artificial seedsp. 279
Plant regeneration through somatic embryogenesis from suspension cultures derived protoplasts of 6 cotton cultivars(Gossypium hirsutum L.)p. 283
The effects of carbon sources on pollen embryo development and plant regeneration in Triticum aestivum L.p. 287
Studies on medicinal products from panax ginseng cell culturep. 291
Rescue and characterization of aged seeds by embryoculturep. 296
Rapid clonal propagation of Chinese medicinal herbs by tissue culturep. 300
Practical application of somatic embryogenesis synthetic seed systemp. 305
Selection of NaCl-tolerant variant of Setaria italica via tissue culture technique and its physiological and biochemical characteristicsp. 309
Transmission of extra chromosomes and its effects on anther culture in rice trisomic plantsp. 313
Ultrastructural characteristics of the embryogenic callus cells of American ginsengp. 317
Induction on regeneration of floral organs and sexual organsp. 321
Breeding of Indica two-line hybrid ricep. 324
Production of polyphenols in cultured tissues of cocoa, Theobroma cacaop. 328
Molecular stage in somatic hybrids among gramineous and leguminous speciesp. 332
In vitro inoculation of Asparagus with conidial suspension and culture filtrate of Fusarium oxysporum schlect f.asparagtp. 336
The regulatory role of ethylene on cell differentiation and growth of mustard plants in vitrop. 344
Studies on the selection of pollen plants from anther culture of autotetraploid hybrid ricep. 348
Genetic analysis of rice mutants obtained by anther culturep. 353
Efficient production of pollen embryoids and doubled-haploid plants via anther culture of maizep. 357
The effect of thermo-photoperiod for donor plant growth on anther culture of indica ricep. 361
Effects of various concentrations of sucrose on growth and proline accumulation in oil palm polyembryogenic culturesp. 365
Changes in leaves and anthers of Hubei photoperiod-sensitive genic male-sterile rice induced by photoperiodsp. 369
In vitro flowering of orchid (Dendrobium candidum)p. 373
In vitro morphogenesis and its hormonal control in tissue cultures of Freesia refractap. 379
Chromosome variation of Triticeae via anther culturep. 383
Protoplast culture and plant regeneration of grain legumesp. 387
Study of enhancing the frequency of plant regeneration from rice (Oryza sativa L.) protoplasts via direct and indirect embryogenesisp. 391
Somatic hybridization between tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and black nightshade (Solanum nigrum L.) and selection of a new strain 694-Lp. 395
High frequency of plantlet regeneration from protoplast of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultured on modified simple mediump. 399
Regeneration of plants from protoplasts of Sorghum vulgarep. 403
Regeneration of plants from protoplasts of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)p. 407
Hybrid papaya artificial seed production for experimental fieldp. 411
Anti-idiotypic antibodies:probes for abscisic acid receptorp. 414
Transfer of rye genes to wheat via chromosome manipulation and anther culturep. 418
In vitro culture of several tropical crops and its further applicationp. 423
Plant-Microbe Interaction
Regulation of the production of plant cell wall degrading enzymes in the bacterial plant pathogen, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovorap. 426
Symbiotic genes of Azorhizobium caulinodans, a bacterium that nodulates Sesbania rostratap. 430
Coordinate regulation of B-carotene biosynthesis and developmental and adaptive processes in Dunaliella bardawilp. 435
Study of antagonistic proteins of bacteria to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzaep. 439
Oxidative stress response in Xanthomonas oryzaep. 444
Enhanced biological control of wheat take-all by using in vivo genetically engineered Pseudomonas fluorescensp. 449
Exopolysaccharide-deficient mutants of Rhizobium astragalus that fail to effectively nodulatep. 453
A novel dominant drug resistance marker for transformation of Pyricularia oryzaep. 457
Molecular genetic analysis on pathogenicity of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae (XCO)p. 462
Alcaligenes-host plant interactionp. 468
Animal Biotechnology
In vitro development and cryopreservation of IVM-IVF bovine oocytesp. 474
An ovine metallothinein-pig somatotropin fusion gene promotes growth in transgenic rabbits and pigsp. 479
Changes of fecal and plasma progesterone levels in swamp buffalo cows (Bubalus bubalis) during the estrous cycle and pregnancyp. 483
Development and recombinant porcine growth hormonep. 489
Induction of the tetraploids of the Chinese shrimp (Penaeus chinensis)p. 496
Minireview
Plant regeneration from protoplasts of higher plants in Chinap. 502
Workshop summary
Integrated application of biotechnology in crop improvementp. 510
Conclusion remarksp. 513
Indexp. 515
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792321682
ISBN-10: 0792321685
Series: Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 522
Published: 31st March 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.02
Weight (kg): 2.05