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Bioremediation Engineering : Design and Application - John T. Cookson

Bioremediation Engineering

Design and Application

Hardcover

Published: 22nd November 1994
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Keep pace with the rapid developments in bioremediation field investigations

You'll welcome the rigorous project evaluation, design and operation guidelines this valuable guide puts at your disposal. Industry veteran John Cookson delivers job-tested insights into the most effective methods and provides the step-by-step details you need to put them to work.

Using plenty of case studies to demystify complex procedures, he gives you the tools you need to evaluate the potential for biodegradation of major classes of organic compounds; conduct treatability studies; assess the feasibility of bioremediation for any situation; and much, much more.

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Application of Biological Processesp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Historical Beginningsp. 4
Bioengineeringp. 5
Bioremediation Engineeringp. 9
Chemical Nature of Hazardous Spillsp. 16
Application of Bioremediationp. 21
Managing a Bioremediation Projectp. 27
Introductionp. 27
Defining the Project and Goalsp. 28
The Project Teamp. 31
Initial Review of Remediation Optionsp. 32
Site Characterizationp. 32
Screening and Selecting Remediation Alternativesp. 34
Developing the Design Conceptp. 34
Supporting Elementsp. 35
Health and Safety Planp. 37
Spill and Contingency Planp. 38
Monitoring Planp. 39
Community Relations Planp. 40
Residuals Managementp. 46
Site Utilitiesp. 46
Permit Requirementsp. 47
Treatability Studiesp. 47
Revising Process Designp. 49
Finalize Designp. 49
Remediation Field Activitiesp. 49
Microbial Systems of Bioremediationp. 51
Introductionp. 51
Microbial Energyp. 51
Microbial Metabolismp. 54
Other Significant Reactionsp. 59
Electron Acceptorsp. 62
Enzyme Activityp. 63
Microbiology of Bioremediationp. 68
Microbial Divisionsp. 68
Bioremediation Organismsp. 72
Bioprocess Control Parametersp. 84
Biological Process Requirementsp. 84
Substratep. 85
Electron Acceptorsp. 86
Required Environmental Conditionsp. 87
Growth Nutrientsp. 92
Optimizing Microbial Transformation of Hazardous Chemicalsp. 95
Introductionp. 95
Petroleum Aliphatic and Alicyclic Hydrocarbonsp. 96
Chemical Naturep. 96
Microbial Metabolismp. 97
Summationp. 106
Petroleum Aromatic Hydrocarbonsp. 106
Chemical Naturep. 107
Microbial Metabolismp. 108
Summationp. 116
Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbonsp. 117
Chemical Naturep. 117
Microbial Metabolismp. 117
Summationp. 133
Halogenated Aromatic Compoundsp. 135
Chemical Naturep. 135
Microbial Metabolismp. 135
Summationp. 142
Halogenated Aliphatic Compoundsp. 143
Chemical Naturep. 143
Microbial Metabolismp. 145
Summationp. 163
Microbial Detoxification of Specialty Chemicalsp. 165
Introductionp. 165
Pesticidesp. 165
Chemical Naturep. 166
Halogenated Aliphatic Pesticidesp. 178
Chlorinated Cyclic Aliphatic Pesticidesp. 179
Pentachiorophenol and DDTp. 180
Chlorinated Phenoxyalkanoatesp. 184
Halogenated Aniline-Base Pesticidesp. 185
Cyclodiene Pesticidesp. 189
Nitrogen Pesticides: Carbamate, Carbamothioate, and Dicarboximidep. 190
Pyrethroid Pesticidesp. 191
Organophosphonate Pesticidesp. 192
Polychlorinated Biphenylsp. 194
Chemical Naturep. 194
Degradation Potentialp. 195
Azo Dyesp. 200
Chemical Naturep. 200
Degradation Potentialp. 200
Site Characterization for Bioremediationp. 205
Introductionp. 205
Site Surveysp. 207
Assessments for Biological Processesp. 209
Carbon and Energyp. 210
Electron Acceptorp. 212
Microbial Activityp. 214
Nutrient Conditionsp. 218
Other Environmental Factorsp. 219
Assessments for In Situ Bioremediationp. 220
Distribution of Contaminationp. 220
Microbial Activityp. 224
Soll and Water Characteristicsp. 226
Assessments for Process Controlp. 233
Hydrogeological Characterizationp. 236
Confirming Transport Characteristicsp. 238
In Situ Bioremediationp. 241
Introductionp. 241
Hydraulic Controlp. 242
Subsurface Delivery Systemsp. 245
Gravity Injectionp. 246
Force Injectionp. 262
Recovery Systemsp. 264
Injection/Recovery Well Configurationsp. 264
Clogging Controlp. 270
Suspended Solids Cloggingp. 271
Biofoulingp. 272
Chemical Cloggingp. 274
In Situ Oxygen Sourcesp. 277
Aeration of a Well Borep. 278
Injection of Oxygenated Waterp. 279
Injection of Hydrogen Peroxidep. 280
In Situ Cometabolismp. 282
Electron Acceptor Delivery Ratesp. 284
Bioventingp. 285
Applicationp. 287
Designp. 291
Costs and Selection of the Oxygen Sourcep. 296
Off-Gas Treatmentp. 297
Clean-Up Timep. 298
Site Monitoringp. 299
Solid- and Slurry-Phase Bioremediationp. 305
Introductionp. 305
Design Considerationsp. 306
Mass Transferp. 307
Materials Handlingp. 311
Land Farmingp. 314
Design and Operationp. 315
Bioremediation Applicationsp. 319
Compostingp. 321
Process Descriptionp. 321
Windrow Systemp. 323
Static Pile Processp. 325
In-Vessel Compostingp. 327
Process Controlp. 329
Bioremediation Applicationsp. 332
Slurry Treatmentp. 334
Advantages over Solid Phasep. 336
Slurry Bioreactorsp. 338
Slurry Lagoon Systemsp. 342
Liquid-Phase Bioremediationp. 359
Introductionp. 359
Process Design Parameters and Relationshipsp. 361
Enzyme-Substrate Kineticsp. 362
Monod Equationp. 364
Models for Reactor Designsp. 371
Design and Operation Emphasisp. 376
Low Energy and Low Growth Yielding Substratesp. 376
Cometabolism and Sequencing Metabolic Modesp. 377
Bioreactor Start-Upp. 379
Life-Cycle Designp. 380
Volatilization Controlp. 382
Suspended Bioreactorsp. 383
Activated Sludge Processp. 383
Powder-Activated Carbon Activated Sludge Processp. 386
Alternative Anoxic Oxic Processp. 389
Sequencing Batch Reactorp. 392
Fixed Biofilm Reactorsp. 397
Properties of Immobilized Biomassp. 400
The Support Mediap. 403
Packed-Bed Reactorsp. 409
Trickling Filtersp. 415
Fluidized-Bed Reactorsp. 417
Rotating Biological Contactorsp. 425
Air Sparged Reactorsp. 429
Treatability Studiesp. 433
Introductionp. 433
Purpose of Treatability Studiesp. 433
Experimental Designp. 435
Bases of Designp. 435
Developing Protocolsp. 436
Methodologies and Costsp. 442
Equipmentp. 445
Protocolsp. 447
Example Protocolp. 456
Test Protocol for Evaluating the Capability of Indigenous Microorganismsp. 456
Appendix Ap. 461
Definition of Hazardous Wastep. 461
Listings of Hazardous Wastep. 463
Ignitabilityp. 464
Corrosivityp. 465
Reactivityp. 465
Toxicityp. 465
Mixture and "Derived from" Rulesp. 465
Hazardous Substances List and Contamination Group Codesp. 466
Calculating Process Requirementsp. 471
Mass Requirements for Electron Acceptor and Nutrientsp. 471
Balancing Redox Reactionsp. 472
Example Problemp. 475
Delivery Rates for Electron Acceptor and Nutrientsp. 479
Rate of Degradationp. 479
Example Problemp. 479
Bioventing Example Problemp. 482
Referencesp. 485
Indexp. 503
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780070126145
ISBN-10: 0070126143
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 524
Published: 22nd November 1994
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.5  x 4.01
Weight (kg): 0.78
Edition Number: 1