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Biomechanics in Animal Behaviour : Experimental Biology Reviews - R. W. Blake

Biomechanics in Animal Behaviour

Experimental Biology Reviews

By: R. W. Blake (Editor), P. Domenici (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st November 2004
ISBN: 9781859961629
Number Of Pages: 360

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Biomechanics in Animal Behaviour offers a unique approach by integrating fully the fields of animal behaviour and biomechanics. It demonstrates how an understanding of biomechanical issues is an important part of evaluating and predicting animal behaviour. The book examines how behaviour is determined and/or constrained by biomechanical variables such as hydrodynamics, aerodynamics, kinematics, and the mechanical properties of biomaterials.

Biomechanics in Behaviour
Introduction
Behavioural biomechanics in organismal biology
Behaviour and the mechanical properties of the environment, certain animal structures and tools
Conclusions
Biomechanics and Behaviour: Analyzing the Mechanistic Basis of Movement from an Evolutionary Perspective
Introduction
Phylogeny and the study of biomechanics and behavior
Two case studies
Discussion and prospectus
Intermittent Locomotor Behaviour Alters Total Work
Introduction
Predictions from biomechanics and energetics based on laboratory studies of steady-state locomotor behavior
Predictions based on laboratory studies on non-steady-state locomotor behavior
Testing laboratory-based predictions from mechanics and energetics by measuring locomotor behavior in the field
Generality of the consequences of intermittent locomotor behavior in other ectotherms
Conclusion
Walking and Running Strategies for Humans and other Mammals
Introduction
Gaits and speeds
Routes
Taking risks
Fish Swimming Behaviour: Predictions from Physical Principles
Introduction
Gaits as basic swimming behaviours
Simple swimming behaviours
Complex behaviours
From individual behaviours to whole organisms
Conclusions and future studies
The Biomechanics of Intermittent Swimming Behaviours in Aquatic Vertebrates
Introduction
Burst-and-coast swimming
Energy efficient swimming strategy in negatively buoyant fish
Porpoising
Flying fish
Conclusion
Notation
Bird Migration Performance on the Basis of Flight Mechanics and Trigonometry
Introduction
Gliding and flapping birds
Speed of migration
Range and fuel load
The triangle of velocities
Migration by vector summation
Routes on a globe
Final remark
Appendix: List of symbols
Aerodynamics and Behaviour of Moult and Take-Off in Birds
Introduction
Avian moult
Take-off in birds
Moult and take-off
Discussion
The Physics of Chemoreception Revisited: How the Environment Influences Chemically Mediated Behaviour
Introduction
Qualitative measures of the physical environment
Fluid flow and chemical signals
Chemosensory behavior in different environments
Conclusions
Passive Orientation Hydrodynamics, Acoustics and Behaviour in Swash-Riding Clams and other Sandy Beach Invertebrates
Introduction
Habitat
Behaviour
Orientation
Choice of waves
Acoustic cues from waves
Tidal rhythm of responsiveness
Generality of results: similarity with behavior of other sandy beach swash-riders
Generality of results: physical effects on diversity and habitat choice
Conclusion
Crab Claws as Tools and Weapons
Introduction
Claws as tools
Claws as weapons
Conclusions
Linking Feeding Behaviour and Jaw Mechanics in Fishes
Introduction
Jaw mechanics, feeding mode, and patterns of prey use
Scaling of jaw mechanics in sunfishes
Diversity of prey-capture kinematics in labrid fishes
Discussion
Biomechanics and Feeding Behaviour in Carnivores: Comparative and Ontogenetic Studies
Introduction
Cranial and dental morphology
Ontogeny and feeding adaptations
Development of bite strength and feeding performance in the spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta
Concluding remarks
Predator - Prey Relationships in Fish and other Aquatic Vertebrates: Kinetics and Behaviour
Introduction
Attack
Escape response
Discussion
Biomechanics of Display Behaviour in Tetrapods: Throat Display In Squamates
Introduction
Case study of throat display in lizards
Possible evolutionary scenario of throat display
Throat display and the concept of ritualization
Conclusion and perspective
The Defence Response in Crayfish: Behaviour and Kinematics
Introduction
The defence display
The defence turn
Discussion
Fighting and the Mechanical Design of Horns and Antlers
Introduction
Horns and antlers
Fighting
Horn and antler failure
Material properties
Structures
The mechanics of fighting
Extinct figh
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781859961629
ISBN-10: 1859961622
Series: Experimental Biology Reviews
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 1st November 2004
Publisher: BIOS SCIENTIFIC PUBL
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.83 x 16.15  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.79
Edition Number: 1