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Biology Takes Form : Animal Morphology and the German Universities, 1800-1900 - Lynn K. Nyhart

Biology Takes Form

Animal Morphology and the German Universities, 1800-1900

Paperback Published: 1st January 1995
ISBN: 9780226610887
Number Of Pages: 428

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Morphology--the study of form--is often regarded as a failed science that made only limited contributions to our understanding of the living world. Challenging this view, Lynn Nyhart argues that morphology was integral to the life sciences of the nineteenth century. "Biology Takes Form" traces the development of morphological research in German universities and illuminates significant institutional and intellectual changes in nineteenth-century German biology.
Although there were neither professors of morphology nor a morphologists' society, morphologists achieved influence by "colonizing" niches in a variety of disciplines. Scientists in anatomy, zoology, natural history, and physiology considered their work morphological, and the term encompassed research that today might be classified as embryology, systematics, functional morphology, comparative physiology, ecology, behavior, evolutionary theory, or histology. Nyhart draws on research notes, correspondence, and other archival material to examine how these scientists responded to new ideas and to the work of colleagues. She examines the intertwined histories of morphology and the broader biological enterprise, demonstrating that the study of form was central to investigations of such issues as the relationships between an animal's structure and function, between an organism and its environment, and between living species and their ancestors.

List of Illustrations
Situating Morphology
Morphology and Physiology
The Study of Form before 1850
Rearranging the Sciences of Animal Life, 1845-1870
Evolutionary Morphology, 1860-1880
Descent and the Laws of Development
Evolutionary Morphology at Jena
Evolution and Morphology among the Zoologists, 1860-1880
Evolutionary Morphology in Anatomy: Carl Gegenbaur and His School
Morphology and Biology, 1880-1900
The Kompetenzkonflikt within the Evolutionary Morphological Program
New Approaches to Form, 1880-1900: Rhetoric, Research, and Rewards
Morphology, Biology, and the Zoological Professoriate
Morphology and Disciplinary Development: Observations and Reflections
Anatomy and Zoology Professors, 1810-1918, by Birthdate
Professorships in Zoology, 1810-1918
Professorships in Anatomy, 1810-1918
Archival Sources
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226610887
ISBN-10: 0226610888
Series: Science & Its Conceptual Foundations (Paperback)
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 428
Published: 1st January 1995
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 15.3  x 2.64
Weight (kg): 0.7

Earn 148 Qantas Points
on this Book