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Biological Individuality : The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities - Jack Wilson

Biological Individuality

The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities

By: Jack Wilson, Michael Ruse (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 28th August 1999
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What makes a biological entity an individual? Jack Wilson shows that past philosophers have failed to explicate the conditions an entity must satisfy to be a living individual. He explores the reason for this failure and explains why we should limit ourselves to examples involving real organisms rather than thought experiments. This book explores and resolves paradoxes that arise when one applies past notions of individuality to biological examples beyond the conventional range, and presents a new analysis of identity and persistence.

Acknowledgements
Beyond Horses and Oak Trees: A New Theory of Individuation for Living Entities
Introduction
The meaning of âÇ a lifeâÇÖ
The poverty of examples
Imaginary examples and conceptual analysis
What is it?
The Biological and Philosophical Roots of Individuality
Why biologists (should) care about individuality
Philosophers on living entities
Natural kinds and substantial kinds
Patterns and natural kinds
Individuality and Equivocation
Paradigm individuals: the higher animals
Other possible solutions
The proposed solution
The Necessity of Biological Origin and Substantial Kinds
A valid argument for sortal essentialism
The necessity of biological origin
Sex
Species membership and the necessity of genealogy
Generation and Corruption
Genetic individuals
Functional individuals
Developmental individuals
Raising the dead
Personal Identity Naturalized: Our Bodies, Our Selves: 21. Human beings as biological entities
Is a person a human being?
Conclusions
Appendix. Identity and sortals: why relative identity is self-contradictory
Notes
References
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521624251
ISBN-10: 0521624258
Series: Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 150
Published: 28th August 1999
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.0
Weight (kg): 0.37