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Biogeography of Mediterranean Invasions - R. H. Groves

Biogeography of Mediterranean Invasions

By: R. H. Groves (Editor), Francesco Di Castri (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 29th November 1991
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The Mediterranean basin, California, Chile, the western Cape of South Africa, and southern Australia share a Mediterranean climate characterized by cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. These five regions have differing patterns of human settlement, but similarities in natural vegetation and some faunal assemblages. These likenesses are enhanced with time by an increasing level of biotic exchange among the regions. An initiative of a subcommittee of SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment), which realized that the integrity of many natural ecosystems is being threatened by the ingress of invasive species, this book uniquely documents the introduced floras and faunas, especially plants, buds, and mammals, in these five regions of Mediterranean climate, and aims to increase our understanding of the ecology of biological invasions. In doing so, it points a way to more effectively manage the biota of these regions.

"...a useful reference for its compiled liss of plant, mammal, and bird species hat have invaded the different Mediterranean regions...should be of interest to anyone intrigued by or working with alien species in a Mediterranean region, or as a reference for analyses of trends in biological invasions among geographic regions." Curtis C. Daehler and Donald R. Strong, Plant Science Bulletin "...will certainly provide intriguing reading for anyone who is interested in rapidly unfolding biological phenomena." Richard N. Mack, Science "This important volume should be of wide interest, not only to Mediterranean ecologists and students of biological invasions, but also to anyone whose research involves the structure, function, and stability of ecological communities." Philip W. Rundel, Ecology "Collectively, the chapters in this book offer an excellent comprehensive overview of invasions in the five mediterranean regions by vascular plants, birds, and mammals...an excellent summary of material on a regionalized and identifiable, albeit geographically widespread ecosystem...will serve as an essential reference for libraries and should be in the possession of anyone who deals with the ecology of invasions or the flora and fauna of any of the meditterranean regions." J. Whitfield Gibbons, Environmental Management

Preface
Introduction
An ecological overview of the five regions with a mediterranean climate
Historical Background
The palaeohistory of the Mediterranean biota
Human impact on the biota of mediterranean-climate regions of Chile and California
Central Chile: how do introduced plants and animals fit into the landscape?
Historical background of invasions in the mediterranean region of southern Africa
A short history of biological invasions of Australia
Biogeography of Taxa
Higher Plants
Invasive plants of the Mediterranean Basin
Invasive vascular plants of California
Introduction of plants into the mediterranean-type climate area of Chile
Introduced plants of the fynbos biome of South Africa
Invasive plants of southern Australia
Life cycles of some Mediterranean invasive plants
Invasion processes as related to succession and disturbance
Is fire an agent favouring plant invasions?
Plant invasion and soil seed banks: control by water and nutrients
Invasion by annual brome grasses: a case study challenging the homoclime approach to invasions
Mammals
Patterns of Pleistocene turnover, current distribution and speciation among Mediterranean mammals
Introduced mammals in California
Ecology of a successful invader: the European rabbit in central Chile
Mammals introduced to the mediterranean region of South Africa
Mammals introduced to southern Australia
Birds
Invasions and range modifications of birds in the Mediterranean Basin
Invasions in the mediterranean avifaunas of California and Chile
Birds introduced to the fynbos biome of South Africa
Species of introduced birds in mediterranean Australia
Applied Aspects of Mediterranean Invasions
Weed invasion in agricultural areas
Plant invasions in the rangelands of the isoclimatic mediterranean zone
Forest plantations and invasions in the mediterranean zones of Australia and South Africa
The importation of mediterranean-adapted dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from the northern hemisphere to other parts of the world
Overview
The biogeography of mediterranean plant invasions
The biogeography of mediterranean animal invasions
Index of scientific names
Subject index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521360401
ISBN-10: 0521360404
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 504
Published: 29th November 1991
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.91