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Beyond the Essene Hypothesis : The Parting of the Ways Between Qumran and Enochic Judaism :  The Parting of the Ways Between Qumran and Enochic Judaism - Gabriele Boccacini

Beyond the Essene Hypothesis : The Parting of the Ways Between Qumran and Enochic Judaism

The Parting of the Ways Between Qumran and Enochic Judaism

Paperback Published: March 1998
ISBN: 9780802843609
Number Of Pages: 230

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Respected scholar Gabriele Boccaccini here offers readers a new and challenging view of the ideology of the Qumran sect, the community closely related with the Dead Sea Scrolls. Boccaccini moves beyond the Essene hypothesis and posits a unique relationship between what he terms "Enochic Judaism" and the group traditionally known as the Essenes. Building his case on what the ancient records tell us about the Essenes and on a systematic analysis of the documents found at Qumran, Boccaccini argues that the literature betrays the core of an ancient and distinct variety of Second Temple Judaism. Tracing the development of this tradition, Boccaccini shows that the Essene community at Qumran was really the offspring of the Enochic party, which in turn contributed to the birth of parties led by John the Baptist and Jesus. Convincingly argued, this work will surely spark fresh debate in the discussion on the Qumran community and their famous writings.

Prefacep. x
Abbreviations and Siglap. xvii
Introduction: Beyond the Essene Hypothesisp. 1
The Calm after the Stormp. 1
Historiographical Analysis and Systemic Analysisp. 8
Moving Forward: From the Essene Hypothesis to the Enochic/Essene Hypothesisp. 11
Historiographical Analysisp. 19
The Essenes in Ancient Historiographyp. 21
First-Century Jewish and Non-Jewish Sourcesp. 21
Location, Extent, and Antiquity of the Essenesp. 22
Communal Ownershipp. 31
Marriage and Celibacyp. 38
Summary: The Palestinian Communities and the Community of the Dead Seap. 46
Systemic Analysisp. 51
The Prehistory of the Sectp. 53
The "Qumran Library"p. 53
The Sectarian Texts of the Community of the Dead Sea Scrollsp. 59
Pre-Maccabean Texts in the Qumran Library: Enochic and Zadokite Documentsp. 68
The Formative Agep. 81
Daniel and the Book of Dream Visionsp. 81
The Book of Jubileesp. 86
The Temple Scroll (11QT)p. 98
The Proto-Epistle of Enoch, Including the Apocalypse of Weeksp. 104
The Halakhic Letter (4QMMT)p. 113
The Schism between Qumran and Enochic Judaismp. 119
The Damascus Document (CD)p. 119
Sectarian Censorshipp. 129
Enochic Documents Unknown at Qumran; or, Enoch vs. Qumranp. 131
Sectarian Documents in Context; or, Qumran vs. Enochp. 150
Sectarian Documents outside Qumranp. 156
Summary: A Bifurcation in the Chain of Enochic Documentsp. 160
Comparative Analysisp. 163
Conclusion: The Enochic/Essene Hypothesisp. 165
Enochic Judaism and Essene Judaismp. 165
Common Roots: Both Moses and Enochp. 166
Common Ideology: Rejection of Individual Predestinationp. 170
Common Sociology: Diverse People, Yet Not Set Apartp. 178
A Composite Picture of the Enochic/Essene Movementp. 185
Summary: The Enochic/Essene Hypothesis and Its Implicationsp. 191
Bibliography: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Judaismp. 197
From Late Judaism to Middle Judaismsp. 197
General Introductions to the History and Religion of Second Temple Judaismp. 199
Studies on the Old Testament Pseudepigraphap. 204
Studies on the Dead Sea Scrollsp. 208
Indexesp. 219
Main Subjectsp. 219
Ancient Sourcesp. 223
Modern Interpretersp. 226
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780802843609
ISBN-10: 0802843603
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 230
Published: March 1998
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.89 x 15.34  x 1.88
Weight (kg): 0.35