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Beyond Silent Spring : Integrated Pest Management and Chemical Safety - H. F. Van Emden

Beyond Silent Spring : Integrated Pest Management and Chemical Safety

Paperback ISBN: 9780412728105
Number Of Pages: 320

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The 1962 edition publication of Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring generated unprecedented concern about the environmental and health problems associated with two decades of widespread use of synthetic pesticides. Over thirty years later, Beyond Silent Spring provides a comprehensive distillation of current views on the issues it raised. With heightened international concern for the environment, and increased emphasis on the need for an integrated approach to the use and control of chemicals, this volume also provides an invaluable review of the successes and limitations of recent regimes of pest and polluting chemical management.

`The book is a splendid international overview of a problem of growing importance.'
International Journal of Environmental Statics
`Beyond Silent Spring gives an excellent review of IPM practices and of how pesticides can be integrated into IPM with minimum environmental risk. Ideas are also put forward for the better management of hazardous chemicals on an international level. Beyond Silent Spring is extremely well referenced with input from experts in a wide variety of disciplines. ... Beyond Silent Spring is a valuable text book in its own right. This book will be of interest to both academics and industrialists and also to anyone with an interest in environmental issues.'
Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 4 (1999)

The world of chemicals: Introduction - Natural and unnatural chemicals, Numbers of chemicals and information available, Hazard assessment; Classes of chemicals - Organophosphates, Pyrethroids, Herbicides, Fungicides; Chemicals associated with energy production - Carbon dioxide, Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen; Heavy metals; Highly stable compounds of environmental concern - Polychlorinated biphenyls, Chlorofluorocarbons; Petroleum hydrocarbons, other high-volume chemicals. The integrated approach: integrated pest management Sterilization, Insert growth regulators, Sex attractants, Biological control, Role of pesticides in integrated pest management Regulation of pesticide usage; Regulation of nonpesticidal chemicals - regulation of carbon emissions, Regulation of oxides of sulfur, Regulation of CFCs; Waste disposal; Life-cycle management of chemicals. Pressures on pesticides in IPM: The evolution of concepts; Factors, influencing the changing role of pesticides in IPM - Pesticide policy and legislation at the international level, National efforts and legislation governing import and use of pesticides, Public perception of pesticide-associated risks Industrial pesticide development and production, Resistance to pesticides, Availability of practical IPM programmes with alternative control tactics. Principles of IPM: Economic thresholds; The integration of pesticides into IPM - Use of a selective pesticide, Formulation, Reduced dose, Application of pesticide in time, Application of pesticide in space; Insecticide application technique in relation to IPM; Biological control - Predators, Parasitoids, Pathogens, Principles of biological control with insect natural enemies, Techniques of biological control; Biodiversity in IPM - Definitions of diversity, The fundamental value of biodiversity, The effects of agriculture on diversity, Non-crop plants as insect reservoirs, The practical exploitation of plant diversity; Cultural control - Sources of cultural controls, Conclusion on cultural control; Semiochemicals - Pheromones, Allelochemicals; Genetic controls - Radiation sterilization, Radiation-induced translocation, Genetic engineering, Chemical sterilization; Host-plant resistance - Sources of plant resistance, Detection of Resistance characters, Transfer of genetic resistance, Mechanisms of plant resistance to pests, Problems of plant resistance, Interactions of Plant resistance with other IPM methods, Conclusions on plant resistance in IPM; Insect growth regulators (IGRS) - Ecdysone, Juvenile hormone (JH), JH antagonists, Cuticle inhibitors; Putting it all together - Menu systems, Computer generated IPM, The experimental approach. The practice of pest management in developing countries: South and South-East Asia - Case studies; Africa - Case studies; South America - Case studies; Constraints in development and implementation of IPM in developing countries - Technical, organizational, Crop economics, Social, Legislative,

ISBN: 9780412728105
ISBN-10: 0412728109
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Publisher: Chapman and Hall
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.83
Weight (kg): 0.49