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Beyond Individualism : Reconstituting the Liberal Self - Jack Crittenden

Beyond Individualism

Reconstituting the Liberal Self

Hardcover

Published: 13th August 1992
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Jack Crittenden examines the debate in political theory about the true conception of human nature. On the one hand is the concept of the liberal self which is self-contained, atomistic, even selfish; on the other hand is the notion of the communitarian self which is socially situated and defined in part by one's community. Crittenden argues that neither view is acceptable and draws on recent psychological research to develop a theory of 'compound individuality'. The compound individual retains the liberal emphasis on personal autonomy, without the association of autonomy with self-sufficiency. Crittenden concludes by reflecting on what kinds of political institutions will invite commitment and reflection from 'compound individuals'.

"Beyond Individualism shows us that there are other choices besides liberal atomism and communitarian nostalgia. It is something that we already should have known, but Crittenden is right to have reminded us."--American Political Science Review "An important contribution on a topic of "self," which has no clearly defined disciplinary home.... The book is forcefully argued...well written, and accessible to readers lacking knowledge in many relevant disciplines.... A welcome addition to an important area of study."--Great Plains Sociologist "This is an important book, novel and highly suggestive."--Ethics "Beyond Individualism shows us that there are other choices besides liberal atomism and communitarian nostalgia. It is something that we already should have known, but Crittenden is right to have reminded us."--American Political Science Review "An important contribution on a topic of "self," which has no clearly defined disciplinary home.... The book is forcefully argued...well written, and accessible to readers lacking knowledge in many relevant disciplines.... A welcome addition to an important area of study."--Great Plains Sociologist "This is an important book, novel and highly suggestive."--Ethics

Introductionp. 3
Behind Individualism
The Disposition of the Selfp. 13
Charles Taylor: The Disengaged Self Versus the Strong Evaluatorp. 14
Alasdair MacIntyre: Individualism Versus Narrative Unityp. 21
Michael Sandel: The Unencumbered Self Versus the Socially Situated Selfp. 28
The Self as a Two-Track Systemp. 34
The Theory of Compound Individualityp. 38
Piaget's Cognitive Structuresp. 39
The Self-system: Process and Productp. 42
Membership Versus Autonomyp. 44
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Developmentp. 52
Critiques of Kohlbergp. 60
Liberal and Communitarian Selves Revisitedp. 63
Beyond Individualism
Autonomous Selfhood: Individualism Versus Compound Individualityp. 73
Defining Autonomyp. 74
Individualismp. 77
Contextualism and Compound Individualityp. 82
Practicing Contextualismp. 91
Political Participation: Self-development and Self-interestp. 96
Participation as Cultivation of Characterp. 97
Mirroring: Habits of the Heartp. 100
Empirical Support for Participation as Self-developmentp. 104
Outcomes: Generating the Common Goodp. 108
Transforming Self-interestsp. 114
Rousseau's Self-interest Properly Understoodp. 117
Transcending Self-interestp. 122
Why Obey?p. 124
Veneration of Communityp. 129
What Is Community?p. 130
Communitarians on Communityp. 135
Total Communityp. 137
Participation and Liberal Communityp. 142
Reconstituting the Liberal Self
Socrates in a Pluralistic Traditionp. 149
Retrospectivep. 149
Modern or "New" Liberalsp. 154
A New Liberal Psychologyp. 160
The Bugbear of Relativismp. 163
Liberal Virtues and the Good Lifep. 168
Liberal Politicsp. 172
Liberal Lessons from Communitarianismp. 177
Notesp. 183
Bibliographyp. 209
Indexp. 224
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195073300
ISBN-10: 0195073304
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 13th August 1992
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 16.2  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.55