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Between the Blocs : Problems and Prospects for Europe's Neutral and Nonaligned States - Joseph Kruzel

Between the Blocs

Problems and Prospects for Europe's Neutral and Nonaligned States

By: Joseph Kruzel (Editor), Michael H. Haltzel (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 5th March 2012
ISBN: 9780521375580
Number Of Pages: 344

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Today's major European neutrals - Austria, Finland, Ireland, Sweden and Switzerland - are heirs to a venerable and adaptable tradition. In the turmiol of the past two centuries, many neutral states have diasppeared, othes have joined alliance systems, and those that have remained or become neutral have often seen themselves as misunderstood, even as their international positions have solidified. Neurality is no longer an easily defined, static legal concept, but an evolving political practice. In Between the Blocs many of the preeminent scholars and political figures who have crafted the shape and meaning of the modern policy of neutrality in their own problems of neutrality and nonalignment in comporary Europe. The credibility of the military defenses of the European neutrals in the late twentieth century is perhaps the most heatedly debated question addressed in the book. Of particular significance are the political and military challenges to Sweden by foreign submarine incursions, which were a major topic of domestic Swedish debate in the 1980s. A number of challenging economic issues confronting the neutral states are also examined. The technological gap between the neutrals and the two military blocs is large and widening, and the restructuring of the global economy is pushing the neutrals into closer cooperation with the European Community. Maintaining a national policy is costly and requires widespread public support, yet open discussion of sensitive issue may jeopardize the neutral status a government is trying to maintain. Another topic discussed by a number of contributors is the limits of public debate in Austria, Finland and Sweden. With its wide-ranging and nonideological analysis of the phenomenon of Europe's neutral analysis of the phenomenon of Europe's natural and nonaligned states, Between the Blocs promises to become a modern classic in the field.

"John Foster Dulles is long gone, but still Americans are prone to regard neutrality as, if not a sin, then a nuisance. This volume is a welcome antidote, neither extolling nor dismissing neutrality. Rather, it demonstrates the range of both the forms of, and the challenges to, neutrality. Kruzel's fine conclusion stresses the contrast between neutral realists, who believe quiet voices befit small powers, and neutral idealists, who seek to reshape the international system. This book is all the more valuable as Europe confronts new neutrals from Eastern Europe and new roles for neutrality in the post-Cold War order." Gregory F. Treverton in Foreign Affairs

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Perspectives
Neutral states in historical perspectives
Commentary
Commentary
Forms of neutrality
The various conceptions of European neutrality
Special Cases
The underlying assumptions of Finnish neutrality
Neutrality and regional integration: Ireland's experience in the European community
Interdependence
Challenges to neutrality in an interdependent world
National security dilemmas and strategies for the European neutrals
Commentary
Security
The European neutrals, national defense, and international security
Beyond soldiers and arms: the Swiss model of comprehensive security policy
Swedish defense: traditions, perceptions, and policies
Swedish and Finnish defense policies: a comparative study
Commentary
Public Opinion
The role of public opinion in neutral policy
Finnish neutrality and public opinion
Commentary
Policy Views
Some misconceptions about Austrian neutrality
Neutrality in the European context: the Finnish perspective
The Swiss approach
The United States and Europe's neutrals
Conclusion
The future of European neutrality
About the authors
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521375580
ISBN-10: 0521375584
Series: Woodrow Wilson Center Press
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 344
Published: 5th March 2012
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.68