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Between Leibniz, Newton, and Kant : Philosophy and Science in the Eighteenth Century - Wolfgang Lefevre

Between Leibniz, Newton, and Kant

Philosophy and Science in the Eighteenth Century

By: Wolfgang Lefevre (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st November 2001
ISBN: 9780792371984
Number Of Pages: 288

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It is a truism that philosophy and the sciences were closely linked in the age of Leibniz, Newton, and Kant; but a more precise determination of the structure and dynamics of this linkage is required. The subject matter of this volume is the interactions among the developments in philosophy and the transformations that the different branches of sciences, Baconian as well as classical, underwent during this period. Among the topics addressed are the transformations of metaphysics as a discipline, the emergence of analytical mechanics and its consequences for founding physics on metaphysics, the diverging avenues of 18th-century Newtonianism, the body-mind problem as dealt with by philosophers and physicians, and philosophical principles of classification in the life sciences. As an appendix, a critical edition and first translation into English of Newton's scholia from David Gregory's Estate on the Propositions IV through IX Book III of his Principia is added.

Introductionp. vii
Seismic Vibrations in Metaphysics
Disciplinary Transformations in the Age of Newton: The Case of Metaphysicsp. 3
Metaphysics and the Analytical Method
Leibniz' Concept of Possible Worlds and the Analysis of Motion in Eighteenth-Century Physicsp. 27
The Limits of Intelligibility: The Status of Physical Sciences in d'Alemberts Philosophyp. 47
Order of Nature and Orders of Sciencep. 61
Avenues of Newtonianism
Samuel Clarke's Annotations in Jacques Rohault's Traite de Physique, and How They Contributed to Popularising Newton's Physicsp. 95
Kant on Extension and Force: Critical Appropriations of Leibniz and Newtonp. 111
Enlightenment Scotland's Philosophico-Chemical Physicsp. 129
Can Matter Think?
Materialistic Theories of Mind and Brainp. 149
Kant's Second Paralogism in Context: The Critique of Pure Reason on Whether Matter Can Thinkp. 175
Metaphysics and Natural History
Natural or Artificial Systems? The Eighteenth-Century Controversy on Classification of Animals and Plants and its Philosophical Contextsp. 191
Appendices
Newton's scholia from David Gregory's Estate on the Propositions IV trough IX Book III of his Principiap. 213
The Concepts of Immanuel Kant's Natural Philosophy (1747-1780): A Database Rendering their Explicit and Implicit Networksp. 267
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792371984
ISBN-10: 0792371984
Series: BOSTON STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 1st November 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.61