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Basics of Respiratory Mechanics and Artificial Ventilation : Topics in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - W. A. Zin

Basics of Respiratory Mechanics and Artificial Ventilation

Topics in Anaesthesia and Critical Care

By: W. A. Zin (Editor), J. Milic-Emili (Editor), Umberto Lucangelo (Editor), Antonio Pesenti (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1999
ISBN: 9788847000469
Number Of Pages: 254

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Management of the intensive care patient afflicted by respiratory insufficiency requires knowledge of the pathophysiological basis for altered functions. The etiology and therapy of pulmonary diseases, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are highly complex. While physiologists and pathophysiologists work prevalently with theoretical modes, clinicians employ sophisticated ventilation support technologies in the attempt to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of the pulmonary diseases which can present with varying grades of severity. Despite the availability of advanced technologies it is common to personalize the treatment protocol according to the patient's physiologic structure.Given the complexity and difficulties of treating respiratory disease, a strong collaboration between clinicians and physiologists is of fundamtental importance.

Basics of Respiratory Mechanics
Principles of measurement of respiratory mechanicsp. 3
Statics of the respiratory systemp. 9
Respiratory mechanics during general anaesthesia in healthy subjectsp. 21
Resistance measurements. Forced oscillations and plethysmographyp. 37
Oscillatory mechanics: principles and clinical applicationsp. 59
Resistance measurement in ventilator-dependent patientsp. 81
Mechanical models of the respiratory system: linear modelsp. 87
Mechanical models of the respiratory system: non-linear and inhomogeneous modelsp. 95
Mechanical implications of viscoelasticityp. 109
Alveolar micromechanicsp. 119
Partitioning of lung responses into airway and tissue componentsp. 133
The Work of the Respiratory System
How the diaphragm works in normal subjectsp. 145
How the diaphragm works in respiratory diseasep. 153
Evaluation of the inspiratory muscle mechanical activity during Pressure Support Ventilationp. 161
Work of breathingp. 165
Artificial Ventilation - Principles, Techniques, Clinical Applications
Respiratory mechanics in ARDSp. 179
Altered elastic properties of the respiratory systemp. 191
Intrinsic PEEPp. 201
Gas-exchange in mechanically ventilated patientsp. 207
Effects of anaesthesia on respiratory mechanicsp. 223
Respiratory mechanics during the long-term artificial ventilationp. 237
Closed-loop control mechanical ventilationp. 241
Main symbolsp. 249
Subject indexp. 253
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9788847000469
ISBN-10: 8847000467
Series: Topics in Anaesthesia and Critical Care
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 254
Published: 1999
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Country of Publication: IT
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.38