Chemistry can be a daunting subject for the uninitiated, and all too often, introductory textbooks do little to make students feel at ease with the complex subject matter. Basic Chemistry Concepts and Exercises brings the wisdom of John Kenkel's more than 35 years of teaching experience to communicate the fundamentals of chemistry in a practical, down-to-earth manner.
Using conversational language and logically assembled graphics, the book concisely introduces each topic without overwhelming students with unnecessary detail. Example problems and end-of-chapter questions emphasize repetition of concepts, preparing students to become adept at the basics before they progress to an advanced general chemistry course. Enhanced with visualization techniques such as the first chapter's mythical microscope, the book clarifies challenging, abstract ideas and stimulates curiosity into what can otherwise be an overwhelming topic.
Topics discussed in this reader-friendly text include:
- Properties and structure of matter
- Atoms, molecules, and compounds
- The Periodic Table
- Atomic weight, formula weights, and moles
- Gases and solutions
- Chemical equilibrium
- Acids, bases, and pH
- Organic chemicals
The appendix contains answers to the homework exercises so students can check their work and receive instant feedback as to whether they have adequately grasped the concepts before moving on to the next section. Designed to help students embrace chemistry not with trepidation, but with confidence, this solid preparatory text forms a firm foundation for more advanced chemistry training.
Properties and Structure of Matter What Chemists Do Properties and Change Classification of Matter Structure and Composition of Material Substances A Quick Look Inside the Atom The Number of Subatomic Particles Homework Exercises Significant Figures, the Metric System, and Dimensional Analysis Introduction Reading a Measuring Device Significant Figures Dimensional Analysis The Metric System Density Temperature Homework Exercises Names and Formulas of Compounds Subclassifications of Elements Formation of Ions Formulas of Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Compounds Other Metal Ions Other Negative Ions Binary Covalent Compounds Identifying and Naming Acids Bases and Salts Homework Exercises Atomic Structure Introduction History of Theories and Experiments The Modern Theory of Light The Bohr Model The Schrodinger Model Orbital Diagrams Electron Configuration Homework Exercises The Periodic Table Introduction Mendeleev and Meyer Descriptive Chemistry of Selected Elements Periodicity and Trends: Atomic Size, Ionization Energy, and Electron Affinity Homework Exercises Molecular Structure Chemical Bonding Outermost Electrons Simple Ionic Compounds Simple Covalent Compounds: Slot Filling More Complicated Covalent Compounds Coordinate Covalent Bonds More Complicated Ionic Compounds Structure of Ionic Compounds Polar Bonds and Molecules Valence-Shell Electron-Pair Repulsion Theory Molecular Orbitals Homework Exercises Atomic Weight, Formula Weight, and Moles Introduction Atomic Weight Revisited Molecular Weight and Formula Weight The Mole Percent Composition of Compounds Derivation of Empirical Formulas Homework Exercises Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry Introduction to Chemical Equations Balancing Chemical Equations Optional Symbols Calculations Based on Equations Limiting Reactant Theoretical Yield, Actual Yield, and Percent Yield Homework Exercises Gases and the Gas Laws Introduction Properties of Gases The Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Gases Gas Pressure Boyle's Law Charles' Law Combined Gas Law Standard Temperature and Pressure Correction of a Gas Volume to STP The Ideal Gas Law Avogadro's Law Dalton's Law Vapor Pressure Homework Exercises Solutions Introduction Terminology Expressing Concentration Preparing Solutions More Terminology Increasing Dissolution Rate Mechanism of Dissolving Homework Exercises Chemical Equilibrium Introduction Chemical Equilibrium Important Examples of Chemical Equilibrium The Equilibrium Constant The Position of the Equilibrium The Magnitude of the Equilibrium Constant Le Chatelier's Principle Effect of Concentration Change Effect of Temperature Change Effect of Pressure Change Effect of Catalysts Homework Exercises Acids, Bases, and pH Introduction Formulas and Strengths of Acids and Bases General Properties of Acids and Bases Acidity Level: pH Measurement of pH Theories of Acids and Bases Reactions Involving Acids and Bases "Add Acid to Water" Rule Homework Exercises Oxidation--Reduction Reactions Oxidation--Reduction Reactions The Ion-Electron Method for Balancing Equations Homework Exercises Organic Chemicals Introduction The Chemistry of Carbon and its Compounds Hybridization of Orbitals Geometry Around Bonded Carbon Atoms Physical Properties Hydrocarbons Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen Summaries of Hydrocarbon and Oxygen Classifications Polymers Homework Exercises Appendix: Answers to Homework Exercises Index
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 468
Published: 24th September 2010
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.31
Edition Number: 1