This book focuses on events before and after the International Non-Governmental Organization Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas that was held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1977. Contributions by Chief Oren Lyons, John Mohawk, and Josï¿½ Barreiro document the struggle for self-determination and a new era of possibility for Native nations. Position papers, including "The Haudenosaunee Address to the Western World," present an insightful view of spiritual traditions going back thousands of years. A valuable historical, sociological, religious, and anthropological resource for college classes. Includes expanded end notes, index, and bibliography section. In a compelling and impassioned voice, Basic Call to Consciousness speaks for the basic rights of humankind and all our relations. Photos. Illustrations.