This book offers the reader a detailed picture of the attitudes and self-concepts of pupils and their growing achievements as they move through primary education. Acknowledging the complexity of schools and schooling, Peter Tymms shows, with many charts, diagrams and data displays, how reliable measures can be used to track pupils' development. Systematic data collection and interpretation are based on the well established Performance Indicators in Primary School (PIPS) project. Important policy and practical questions are addressed and some surprising conclusions are reached. Gaps in knowledge are also identified and ways to fill them are outlined Teachers, headteachers, middle managers, policy makers, INSET providers in primary schools and student teachers will welcome this text.