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Bacterial Growth and Lysis : Metabolism and Structure of the Bacterial Sacculus - M.A.De Pedro

Bacterial Growth and Lysis

Metabolism and Structure of the Bacterial Sacculus

By: M.A.De Pedro (Editor)

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Published: 30th June 1993
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This volume is based on a FEMS Symposium entitled "Bacterial Growth and Lysis: Metabolism and Structure of the Bacterial Sacculus" held at the Monastery of Lluc (Mallorca, Spain) on 5-10 April, 1992. The goals of the symposium were to assess the present state of knowledge on the structure and physiology of the bacterial murein sacculus, and to develop new hypotheses and strategies to promote further development of the field. Consequently, the contributions compiled in this volume include broadly different approaches, from the introduction of new analytical methods to the presentation of provocative models for cell wall growth and division. Structural, biochemical, and genetic aspects are widely covered with special emphasis on the enzymology and regulation of murein hydrolases (autolysins). Comprehensive reviews on bacterial S- layers and yeast cell walls are included to stimulate conceptual cross-feeding with these closely related topics. We believe that this book will provide the reader with a useful and up-to-date review of the topic. We would feel deeply rewarded by any positive influence this book may have on the future progress of the field, whereby all the scientific credit for it should be given to the authors of the excellent contributions presented.

The Sacculus after Four Decades - Seen from Some Distancep. 1
Biochemical and Biophysical Studies on the Fine Structure of the Sacculi from Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureusp. 9
New Mass Spectrometric Methods for Peptidoglycan Analysisp. 23
H.P.L.C. and [superscript 252]Cf Plasma Desorption-Mass Spectrometry of Muropeptides Isolated from Escherichia colip. 31
Structure Elucidation of Peptidoglycan Monomers by Fast Atom Bombardment - and Electrospray Ionization Tandem-Mass Spectrometryp. 39
Investigations on the Structure and Biosynthesis of Cyanelle Murein from Cyanophora paradoxap. 47
New Methods in Electron Microscopy Help Elucidate the Structure of the Murein Sacculus and the Distribution of Penicillin-Binding Proteinsp. 57
Synthesis of [alpha] and [beta] Anomers of UDP-N-Acetylmuramic Acidp. 71
The Muropeptide Composition of the Peptidoglycan of Staphylococcus aureus Determined with Reversed-Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatographyp. 77
Distribution of O-Acetylation in the Peptidoglycan from Proteus mirabilis 19p. 83
Murein Structure of Three Different Species of Chemolithothrophic Sulphur Bacteria: Thiobacillus tepidarius, Thiobacillus neapolitanus, and Thiobacillus versutusp. 91
Phenotypic, Biochemical, and Structural Analysis of S-layer Mutants from Thermus thermophilus HB8p. 99
Crystalline Bacterial Cell Surface Layers and their Application Potentialsp. 105
An Overview of the Assembly, Turnover and Recycling of the Murein Sacculusp. 119
Variations in the Metabolism of Peptidoglycan Prior to Polymerizationp. 127
Identification of the murI and murB Genes Coding for Cytoplasmic Peptidoglycan Synthetases in the 90-Min Region of the E. coli Chromosomep. 139
Amino Acids as Useful Tools in the Study of Murein Metabolism in Escherichia colip. 147
Peptidoglycan Synthesis in Salmonella typhimuriump. 161
Biosynthesis of Peptidoglycan in Gaffkya homari: Regulation of Transpeptidation by Acceptor Peptidep. 169
Apparent Obligatory Dependence of Peptidoglycan Synthesis on Phospholipid Synthesis Studied in Ether Treated Escherichia colip. 177
Does PBP 2 Regulate Cell Division in E. coli?p. 183
Peptidoglycan Synthesis During Hyphal Elongation in Streptomyces antibioticusp. 189
The Role of the envM Genes of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium in Cell Membrane Biosynthesisp. 197
Biosynthesis of Pseudomurein and Other Methanobacterial Cell Wallsp. 205
Peptidoglycan (Murein) Hydrolases: Unusual Enzymes for Unusual Substratesp. 213
Is Muramidase-2 of Enterococcus hirae a Penicillin-Binding Protein?p. 229
Specific Binding of the Soluble Lytic Transglycosylase to the Murein Sacculus of Escherichia colip. 235
Inhibition of an Autolysin Together with PBP3 Causes the Formation of Bulges: Identification of the Soluble Lytic Transglycosylase in E. coli as the Specific Target of Bulgecinp. 241
The Cell Wall of Bacillus subtilis is Protonated During Growthp. 245
Searching for the Evolutionary Design of the Pneumococcal Cell Wall Lytic Enzymesp. 253
Molecular Characteristics of the Cell Wall Lytic Enzymes Coded by Pneumococcal Phagesp. 261
Molecular Cloning, Overexpression of Rz Lysis Gene of Phage [lambda] and Subcellular Localization of its Protein Productp. 269
Pathway of [Phi]X174 Protein E Mediated Lysis of Escherichia colip. 277
Genetic Control of Fungal Cell Wall Autolysisp. 285
The use of a Mercury-Penicillin V Derivative to Localize Penicillin-Binding Proteins in Escherichia colip. 295
A Far Upstream Region Is Required for Expression of the ftsI Gene Coding for Penicillin-Binding Protein 3 of Escherichia colip. 303
Involvement of the NH[subscript 2]- and COOH-Terminal ends of PBP3 of Escherichia coli on [beta]-Lactam Binding, Membrane Localization, and Function of the Proteinp. 309
Modular Design of the Bi(Multi?)-Functional Penicillin-Binding Proteinsp. 319
Penicillin-Binding Proteins 1A and 3 in Streptococcus pneumoniae: What Are Essential PBP's?p. 335
Disturbance of Peptidoglycan Synthesis by Glycine and D-Methionine Creates a Signal for the ampG-Mediated Induction of ampC-[beta]-Lactamase in Escherichia colip. 341
In Enterobacter Cloacae Alterations Induced by Glycine and D-Amino Acids in the Composition and Structure of Peptidoglycan Are Accompanied by Induction of Chromosomal [beta]-Lactamase. A Model Involving ftsZ and Septationp. 347
FtsZ Rings, Polar Morphology and Cell Lysisp. 355
Stability of the Components of the Escherichia coli Septatorp. 363
Construction of a Triple Deletion of Penicillin-Binding Proteins 4, 5, and 6 in Escherichia colip. 369
Deformations in the Cytoplasmic Membrane of Escherichia coli Direct the Repair of Peptidoglycanp. 375
Wall Teichoic Acid, Peptidoglycan Synthesis and Morphogenesis in Bacillus subtilisp. 385
Penicillin Induced Bacteriolysis of Staphylococci as a Post-Mortem Consequence of Murosome-Mediated Killing Via Wall Perforation and Attempts to Imitate the Perforation Process without Applying Antibioticsp. 393
Regulation of the Morphogenetic Cycle of Escherichia coli: 1992p. 409
"Three for One" - a Simple Growth Mechanism that Guarantees a Precise Copy of the Thin, Rod-Shaped Sacculus of Escherichia colip. 419
Stresses on the Surface Stress Theoryp. 427
Growth and Control of the Cell Wall: A Mechanical Model for Bacillus subtilisp. 443
Cellular Growth without a Murein Sacculus - the Nucleoid-Associated Compartmentation Conceptp. 453
Contributorsp. 465
Indexp. 469
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306444012
ISBN-10: 0306444011
Series: F.E.M.S. Symposium Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 474
Published: 30th June 1993
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.9