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Auxiliaries : Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization - Bernd Heine

Auxiliaries

Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization

Hardcover Published: 1st October 1993
ISBN: 9780195083873
Number Of Pages: 176

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Offering a new perspective on auxiliaries in particular and language structure in general, this study argues that language cannot be explained satisfactorily with reference to linguistic variables alone; what is required in addition are extra-linguistic parameters relating to how we perceive the world around us, and how we utilize the linguistic resources available to us to conceptualize our experiences, and to communicate successfully. Rather than a closed, self-contained system, language is an entity that is constantly shaped by such external factors as cognitive forces, pragmatic manipulation, history, etc. These factors are responsible for the emergence of chain-like linguistic structures, and auxiliaries are typical examples of such structures, which Heine describes as grammaticalization chains. A limited number of concrete event schemas are discussed and these schemas are shown to be responsible for much of the linguistic diversity that auxiliary constructions exhibit in the languages of the world.

Abbreviationsp. xi
The state of the artp. 3
Problemsp. 4
Hypothesesp. 8
The autonomy hypothesisp. 8
The main-verb hypothesisp. 8
Gradiencep. 9
Auxiliary as a universal category?p. 9
Other positionsp. 11
"Quasi-auxiliaries,"p. 14
Notional domainsp. 16
Criteriap. 17
Dependencyp. 18
Definitionsp. 20
Some properties of auxiliariesp. 22
How to explain auxiliaries?p. 24
Conclusionp. 26
Grammaticalizationp. 27
Basic event schemasp. 27
Conceptual propertiesp. 30
Linguistic propertiesp. 32
Complex schemasp. 37
On the significance of event schemasp. 43
Conceptual shiftp. 45
The Overlap Modelp. 48
Grammaticalization chainsp. 53
The Verb-to-TAM chainp. 53
Parametersp. 54
Stagesp. 58
The chain of grammatical functionsp. 66
On defining auxiliariesp. 69
Discussionp. 70
On locating auxiliariesp. 71
An alternative chainp. 76
Related approachesp. 79
Conclusionp. 86
Some basic issuesp. 88
Conceptual shiftp. 88
The contentp. 89
The processp. 95
Dependencyp. 99
The problemp. 99
The Zwicky-Hudson controversyp. 100
Discussionp. 104
Erosionp. 106
On categorizationp. 112
Reanalysisp. 116
On explanationp. 119
Conclusionsp. 130
Notesp. 133
Referencesp. 137
Name Indexp. 151
Language Indexp. 155
Subject Indexp. 157
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195083873
ISBN-10: 0195083873
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 176
Published: 1st October 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.96 x 16.87  x 1.68
Weight (kg): 0.47