Hearing and understanding sound - auditory processing - greatly enriches everyday life and enhances our ability to perform many tasks essential to survival. The complex soundscape in which we live influences where we direct our attention, how we communicate with each other, and how we interact with technological systems. Auditory Cognition and Human Performance: Research and Applications explores how we accomplish this no less than remarkable task. It provides an overview of key auditory sensation and perception topics and mental workload theory, providing those who may be unfamiliar with these topics a foundation on which to understand applied auditory cognition.
The book examines the relationship between auditory cognition and human performance, highlighting the nature of situations in which the mental resource requirements of auditory processing may be compromised. It focuses on the importance of increasing our understanding of auditory cognition and its relationship to human performance. Written in an accessible and engaging style, this book balances coverage of basic and applied research, supplies copious examples to explain key concepts, and includes extensive references for further reading and exploration. Bringing together coverage of sensory and cognitive processes, the author discusses how their interaction can be used to improve display design.
Despite the relative neglect that auditory processing has received in earlier years, the auditory modality remains a potent source of information with several advantageous and unique characteristics. Over the past two decades there has been a growing base of empirical research on auditory cognition and its role in human performance at work and in everyday life. This book points out many of the questions that have yet to be resolved and provides the understanding needed to design more effective auditory displays, make better alerts and warnings, and improve communications and a wide variety of other things.
Hearing: The Neglected Sense Introduction The Battle of the Senses: Vision versus Audition Early Human Performance Research Early Developments in Modern Cognitive Psychology Sensation and Perception Research Scope of This Book Concluding Remarks The Auditory World Introduction Sources of Sound Sources of Sound in Work Environments Sources of Sound in the Cockpit In-Vehicle Auditory Telematics Sounds in Medical Care Environments Auditory Devices for the Visually Impaired Summary Concluding Remarks Auditory Pattern Perception: The Auditory Processing System Introduction Characteristics of Sound Perception The Sound Stimulus Music Processing Essential Auditory Processes Summary Concluding Remarks Auditory Cognition: The Role of Attention and Cognition in Auditory Processing Introduction Attention Early Attention Research The Information-Processing Approach Working Memory Serial versus Parallel Processing Artificial Neural Networks Summary Concluding Remarks Theories and Techniques of Mental Workload Assessment Introduction Limited-Capacity Models Resource Theories Working Memory Processes Multiple Resources--Multiple Networks Mental Workload: Key Constructs Mental Workload Assessment Summary Concluding Remarks Auditory Tasks in Cognitive Research Introduction Historical Beginnings Dichotic Listening Tasks Encoding and Retrieval Processes Auditory Task Indices of Working Memory Psychological Refractory Period Mental Workload Assessment Auditory Neuropsychological Tests Auditory Tasks in Cognitive Aging Research Summary Concluding Remarks Nonverbal Sounds and Workload Introduction Auditory Perceptual Organization Auditory Object Recognition Music Music Defined Music and Performance Music and Cognition The Mozart Effect Musical Training Noise Chronic Noise Exposure Auditory Vigilance Summary Concluding Remarks Mental Workload and Speech Processing Introduction Chapter Overview Speech-Processing Challenges Lexical Selection Syntactical Level Approaches to Speech-Processing Theory Models of Word Recognition Parameters Influencing Mental Workload Applications Summary Concluding Remarks Cross-Modal Influences in Sound and Speech Introduction Verbal and Visual Codes Language by Ear and by Eye Cross-Modal Links Audiovisual Speech Cross-Modal Spatial Attention Time-Sharing Auditory and Visual Tasks Summary Concluding Remarks Auditory Processing and the Older Adult Introduction Age-Related Changes in Auditory Processing Age-Related Changes in Hearing Age-Related Cognitive Changes Age-Related Changes in Speech Processing Strategy Differences and Compensation Age-Related Design Summary Concluding Remarks Auditory Display Design Introduction Advantages of Auditory Displays Auditory Display Challenges Psychoacoustics of Auditory Displays Data Sonification Auditory Displays in Complex Environments Summary Concluding Remarks References Index