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Attitudes, Chaos and the Connectionist Mind - J. Richard Eiser

Attitudes, Chaos and the Connectionist Mind

Paperback Published: 6th January 1994
ISBN: 9780631191315
Number Of Pages: 272

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Attitudes, Chaos, and the Connectionist Mind presents a broad ranging and fascinating examination of attitudes: how we form them: how we organize them towards others. Beginning with more traditional views of attitudes from the philosophy of Hume through early psychological writings to more recent research in connectionism and cognitive science, Professor Eiser argues that human attitudes should not be regarded as simple evaluative judgements but rather as part of a more complex dynamic system. Attitudes are something inherently social - closely tied in with our own self-identity and with our communication with others- and, as such, they may prove an important test of differences between machine intelligence and human consciousness. This ambitious and wide-ranging book will make fascinating reading for anyone interested in how the human mind operates.

List of Figuresp. xi
Prefacep. xii
A Brief History of Attitude Researchp. 1
The concept of attitudep. 1
Attitudes can be measuredp. 2
Attitudes have meaningp. 4
Attitudes can be changedp. 10
Attitudes can be organizedp. 14
Attitudes can be reappraisedp. 17
Attitudes (sometimes) predict behaviourp. 19
Attitudes involve selective information-processingp. 25
Affect and cognition can influence each otherp. 27
Mind and Bodyp. 32
Knowing oneselfp. 32
Reason and evidencep. 32
Descartes and the search for certaintyp. 35
'Clear and distinct' ideasp. 38
A mind 'wholly distinct from the body'?p. 41
Disembodied thoughts?p. 42
A mind that 'has need of no place'?p. 43
Mind--brain identityp. 45
Levels of descriptionp. 46
Brain functions and mental statementsp. 47
In search of post-dualist theoriesp. 49
Experience and Identityp. 52
Truth and observationp. 52
Locke and the reality of experiencep. 53
Continuous existence and identityp. 55
Hume and the principles of associationp. 58
No simple idea of selfp. 61
The self: distinctive or elusive?p. 65
The self and the stream of consciousnessp. 66
Identity and changep. 68
Mind and Behaviourp. 72
A penny for your thoughtsp. 72
The behaviourist challengep. 73
How much do I get for a penny?p. 76
Attribution and inferencep. 78
Dualism and behaviourism in attribution theoryp. 80
Inferring feelings: A fallacy in one actp. 83
Are our feelings real?p. 87
Observation and Realityp. 89
Is there anything out there?p. 89
Berkeley's cherryp. 90
The discontinuity of energyp. 92
The uncertainty principlep. 94
Quantum metaphysicsp. 96
The two-slit experimentp. 99
Schrodinger's catp. 102
Common sense and common realityp. 107
Expression and Shared Experiencep. 110
Aboutnessp. 110
Describing experiencep. 113
The relativity of experiencep. 114
Meaning and contextp. 116
Bodily sensationsp. 118
Thinking about and thinking thatp. 119
Knowing that and knowing howp. 122
Knowledge and shared realityp. 126
Attitudes and Social Realityp. 129
The social and the individualp. 129
The acquisition of attitudesp. 131
The acquisition of verbal expressions of attitudep. 132
The acquisition of expectanciesp. 134
Attitudinal experiencep. 136
Evaluation and descriptionp. 137
The relativity of attitude measurementp. 141
Evaluative language and attitude judgmentp. 143
The expression of attitudep. 145
Language and categorizationp. 147
Consistency as a social productp. 148
Self-consistencyp. 150
Changing Shapesp. 153
The patterning of attitudep. 153
Attitude spacep. 156
Semantic spacep. 156
Phase spacep. 157
Attitudes: singular or multiple?p. 159
Humean attitudesp. 160
Curves and contoursp. 163
Dynamics and attractorsp. 164
Stability and instabilityp. 167
Multiple attractors and the route to chaosp. 168
Natural complexityp. 171
Fractalsp. 173
Infinite outlines in a finite spacep. 176
The fractal mindp. 180
Attitudes as attractorsp. 182
The Makings of Mindp. 186
Minds and machinesp. 186
Serial processingp. 187
How the brain worksp. 189
Parallel processingp. 191
Neural netsp. 193
Multiple layers and hidden unitsp. 195
Rules and recognitionp. 197
Nets that can be trainedp. 199
Content-addressable memoryp. 201
Nets that find things outp. 202
Patterns and dynamicsp. 204
Attractors and neural networksp. 205
The need for chaosp. 207
Non-linearity in neural networksp. 209
Carving the landscapep. 210
The Emergent Selfp. 214
Social connectionsp. 214
Simulating social impactp. 215
Personal boundariesp. 218
Transmitting thoughtsp. 220
Mental action at a distancep. 221
Patterns of experiencep. 223
Which dimensions?p. 225
Points on the mapp. 227
Synchronyp. 229
The coordination of awarenessp. 231
Fictitious identityp. 234
Self-reflectionp. 236
Attitudes: a final wordp. 241
Referencesp. 244
Subject Indexp. 249
Author Indexp. 253
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780631191315
ISBN-10: 0631191313
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 6th January 1994
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 225.15 x 155.57  x 18.13
Weight (kg): 0.44
Edition Number: 1