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Atmospheric Pollution : History, Science, and Regulation - Mark Z. Jacobson

Atmospheric Pollution

History, Science, and Regulation

Paperback Published: 2nd October 2010
ISBN: 9780521010443
Number Of Pages: 412

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Atmospheric Pollution: History, Science, and Regulation provides a comprehensive introduction to the history and science of major air pollution issues. The book begins with an introduction to the basic atmospheric chemistry and the history of discovery of chemicals in the atmosphere, and then moves on to a discussion of the evolution of the earth's atmosphere, and the structure and composition of the present-day atmosphere. It then provides a comprehensive and accessible discussion of the five major atmospheric pollution topics: urban outdoor air pollution, indoor air pollution, acid deposition, stratospheric ozone reduction, and global climate change. The book contains numerous student examples and problems, over 200 color illustrations, and will form an ideal introductory textbook for a wide range of undergraduate and graduate courses on atmospheric pollution. It will also form a valuable reference text for researchers, and an introduction to the subject for general audiences.

' ... useful to students of environmental science and others with its up-to-date material, easy style, problems and examples and outstanding illustrations. ... it is packed with enough quantitative and qualitative information to form the basis of a lecture course, or to act as a primer for general reader interested in the whole issue of air pollution. I do not think that there is a better book for engaging interest in the science of air pollution and I, for one, will certainly be recommending it to my second-year students.' Chemistry in Britain '... a very readable book, which fulfils its major intent as a good introductory textbook on atmospheric pollution for undergraduate students.' Dimitris Melas, E. G. S. Newsletter '... for anyone with an interest in the evolution and causes of air pollution.' The Times Higher Education Supplement 'I will be very surprised if this does not become one of the standard texts in this field, especially for environmental science courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level, as well as a general reference and sourcebook for anybody interested in the history of airborne pollutants and their study, pollution meteorologists and atmospheric chemists.' P. J. A. Burt, Weather 'This material provided new insight into how trace gases were first discovered and how the atmosphere evolved.' Matt Fraser, Rice University 'It is an ideal introductory textbook on atmospheric pollution for undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environment law and politics, and city planning and regulation. it also is a valuable reference text for researchers and an introduction to the subject for general audiences. the book is international in its scope, contains numerous examples and problems, and 200 colour illustrations, thus making it very reader-friendly.' International Journal of Environmental Studies '... warmly recommended ...'. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 'As a textbook I would highly recommend this work ...'. Open University Geological Society Journal

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Basics and History of Discovery of Atmospheric Chemicalsp. 1
Basic Definitionsp. 2
History of Discovery of Elements and Compounds of Atmospheric Importancep. 4
Chemical Structure and Reactivityp. 21
Chemical Reactions and Photoprocessesp. 24
Lifetimes of Chemicalsp. 26
Summaryp. 26
Problemsp. 26
The Sun, the Earth, and the Evolution of the Earth's Atmospherep. 29
The Sun and Its Originp. 30
Spectra of the Radiation of the Sun and the Earthp. 33
Primordial Evolution of the Earth and Its Atmospherep. 36
Summaryp. 47
Problemsp. 48
Structure and Composition of the Present-Day Atmospherep. 49
Air Pressure and Density Structurep. 50
Processes Affecting Temperaturep. 52
Temperature Structure of the Atmospherep. 54
Equation of Statep. 58
Composition of the Present-Day Atmospherep. 62
Characteristics of Selected Gases and Aerosol Particle Componentsp. 63
Summaryp. 79
Problemsp. 79
Urban Air Pollutionp. 81
History and Early Regulation of Urban Air Pollutionp. 82
Chemistry of the Background Tropospherep. 93
Chemistry of Photochemical Smogp. 99
Pollutant Removalp. 111
Summaryp. 111
Problemsp. 112
Aerosol Particles in Smog and the Global Environmentp. 115
Size Distributionsp. 116
Sources and Compositions of New Particlesp. 118
Processes Affecting Particle Sizep. 128
Summary of the Composition of Aerosol Particlesp. 138
Aerosol Particle Morphology and Shapep. 139
Health Effects of Aerosol Particlesp. 140
Summaryp. 142
Problemsp. 142
Effects of Meteorology on Air Pollutionp. 145
Forcesp. 146
Windsp. 147
Global Circulation of the Atmospherep. 150
Semipermanent Pressure Systemsp. 154
Thermal Pressure Systemsp. 155
Effects of Large-Scale Pressure Systems on Air Pollutionp. 156
Effects of Local Meteorology on Air Pollutionp. 168
Summaryp. 175
Problemsp. 176
Effects of Pollution on Visibility, Ultraviolet Radiation, and Atmospheric Opticsp. 179
Processes Affecting Solar Radiation in the Atmospherep. 180
Visibilityp. 197
Colors in the Atmospherep. 202
Summaryp. 205
Problemsp. 206
Projectp. 207
International Regulation of Urban Smog Since the 1940sp. 209
Regulation in the United Statesp. 210
Pollution Trends and Regulations Outside the United Statesp. 225
Summaryp. 238
Problemsp. 239
Indoor Air Pollutionp. 241
Pollutants in Indoor Air and Their Sourcesp. 242
Sick Building Syndromep. 251
Regulation of Indoor Air Pollutionp. 251
Summaryp. 252
Problemsp. 252
Acid Depositionp. 253
Historical Aspects of Acid Depositionp. 254
Causes of Acidityp. 257
Sulfuric Acid Depositionp. 260
Nitric Acid Depositionp. 263
Effects of Acid Depositionp. 263
Natural and Artificial Neutralization of Lakes and Soilsp. 266
Recent Regulatory Control of Acid Depositionp. 270
Summaryp. 271
Problemsp. 272
Global Stratospheric Ozone Reductionp. 273
Structure of the Present-Day Ozone Layerp. 274
Relationship between the Ozone Layer and UV Radiationp. 277
Chemistry of the Natural Ozone Layerp. 278
Recent Changes to the Ozone Layerp. 283
Effects of Chlorine on Global Ozone Reductionp. 286
Effects of Bromine on Global Ozone Reductionp. 293
Regeneration Rates of Stratospheric Ozonep. 294
Antarctic Ozone Depletionp. 295
Effects of Enhanced UV-B Radiation on Life and Ecosystemsp. 301
Regulation of CFCsp. 303
Summaryp. 306
Problemsp. 307
The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warmingp. 309
The Temperature on the Earth in the Absence of a Greenhouse Effectp. 310
The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warmingp. 316
Recent and Historical Temperature Trendsp. 323
Feedbacks and Other Factors That May Affect Global Temperaturesp. 337
Possible Consequences of Global Warmingp. 342
Regulatory Control of Global Warmingp. 345
Summaryp. 349
Problemsp. 350
Essay Questionsp. 351
Conversions and Constantsp. 353
Referencesp. 355
Photograph Sourcesp. 371
Indexp. 377
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521010443
ISBN-10: 0521010446
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 412
Published: 2nd October 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 17.78  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.91