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Astronomical Optics - Daniel J. Schroeder

Hardcover

Published: 27th September 1999
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This book provides a unified treatment of the characteristics of telescopes of all types, both those whose performance is set by geometrical aberrations and the effect of the atmosphere, and those diffraction-limited telescopes designed for observations from above the atmosphere. The emphasis throughout is on basic principles, such as Fermat's principle, and their application to optical systems specifically designed to image distant celestial sources.
The book also contains thorough discussions of the principles underlying all spectroscopic instrumentation, with special emphasis on grating instruments used with telescopes. An introduction to adaptive optics provides the needed background for further inquiry into this rapidly developing area.

* Geometrical aberration theory based on Fermat's principle
* Diffraction theory and transfer function approach to near-perfect telescopes
* Thorough discussion of 2-mirror telescopes, including misalignments
* Basic principles of spectrometry; grating and echelle instruments
* Schmidt and other catadioptric telescopes
* Principles of adaptive optics
* Over 220 figures and nearly 90 summary tables

Prefacep. xiii
Introduction
A Bit of Historyp. 1
Approach to Subjectp. 4
Outline of Bookp. 4
Preliminaries: Definitions and Paraxial Opticsp. 7
Sign Conventionsp. 8
Paraxial Equation for Refractionp. 9
Paraxial Equation for Reflectionp. 12
Two-Surface Refracting Elementsp. 14
Two-Mirror Telescopesp. 17
Stops and Pupilsp. 22
Concluding Remarksp. 25
Bibliographyp. 26
Fermat's Principle: An Introductionp. 27
Fermat's Principle in Generalp. 28
Fermat's Principle and Refracting Surfacesp. 31
Wave Interpretation of Fermat's Principlep. 36
Fermat's Principle and Reflecting Surfacesp. 37
Conic Sectionsp. 41
Fermat's Principle and the Atmospherep. 42
Concluding Remarksp. 45
Referencesp. 47
Bibliographyp. 47
Introduction to Aberrationsp. 48
Reflecting Conics and Focal Lengthp. 49
Spherical Aberrationp. 50
Reflecting Conics and Finite Object Distancep. 57
Off-Axis Aberrationsp. 59
Aberration Compensationp. 61
Referencesp. 69
Bibliographyp. 69
Fermat's Principle and Aberrationsp. 70
Application to Surface of Revolutionp. 70
Evaluation of Aberration Coefficientsp. 75
Ray and Wavefront Aberrationsp. 78
Summary of Aberrative Results, Stop at Surfacep. 84
Aberrations for Displaced Stopp. 88
Aberrations for Multisurface Systemsp. 93
Curvature of Fieldp. 97
Aberrations for Decentered Pupilp. 103
Concluding Remarksp. 109
Comparison with Seidel Theoryp. 110
Referencesp. 111
Bibliographyp. 111
Reflecting Telescopesp. 112
Paraboloidp. 113
Two-Mirror Telescopesp. 115
Alignment Errors in Two-Mirror Telescopesp. 132
Three-Mirror Telescopesp. 144
Four-Mirror Telescopesp. 154
Concluding Remarksp. 161
Referencesp. 162
Bibliographyp. 162
Schmidt Telescopes and Camerasp. 164
General Schmidt Configurationp. 165
Characteristics of Aspheric Platep. 167
Schmidt Telescope Examplep. 174
Achromatic Schmidt Telescopep. 177
Solid- and Semisolid-Schmidt Camerasp. 181
Referencesp. 184
Bibliographyp. 184
Catadioptric Telescopes and Camerasp. 185
Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescopesp. 185
Cameras with Meniscus Correctorsp. 197
All-Reflecting Wide-Field Systemsp. 204
Referencesp. 205
Auxiliary Optics for Telescopesp. 206
Field Lenses, Flattenersp. 207
Prime Focus Correctorsp. 210
Cassegrain Focus Correctorsp. 216
Cassegrain Focal Reducersp. 220
Atmospheric Dispersion Correctorsp. 225
Fiber Opticsp. 237
Referencesp. 239
Bibliographyp. 239
Diffraction Theory and Aberrationsp. 240
Huygens-Fresnel Principlep. 241
Perfect Image: Circular Aperturep. 246
The Near Perfect Imagep. 257
Comparison: Geometric Aberrations and the Diffraction Limitp. 270
Diffraction Integrals and Fourier Theoryp. 271
Referencesp. 275
Bibliographyp. 275
Transfer Functions; Hubble Space Telescopep. 277
Transfer Functions and Image Characteristicsp. 277
Hubble Space Telescope, Prelaunch Expectationsp. 291
Hubble Space Telescope, Postlaunch Realityp. 298
Concluding Remarksp. 302
Referencesp. 303
Bibliographyp. 303
Spectrometry: Definitions and Basic Principlesp. 304
Introduction and Definitionsp. 305
Slit Spectrometersp. 308
Fiber-Fed Spectrometersp. 317
Slitless Spectrometersp. 318
Spectrometers in Diffraction Limitp. 318
Referencesp. 320
Bibliographyp. 320
Dispersing Elements and Systemsp. 321
Dispersing Prismp. 321
Diffraction Grating; Basic Relationsp. 323
Echellesp. 327
Grating Efficiencyp. 331
Fabry-Perot Interferometerp. 342
Fourier Transform Spectrometerp. 347
Concluding Remarksp. 350
Referencesp. 350
Bibliographyp. 350
Grating Aberrations; Concave Grating Spectrometersp. 352
Application of Fermat's Principle to Grating Surfacep. 353
Grating Aberrationsp. 357
Concave Grating Mountingsp. 362
Referencesp. 367
Bibliographyp. 367
Plane Grating Spectrometersp. 368
All-Reflecting Spectrometersp. 369
Pixel Matchingp. 377
Fast Spectrometersp. 378
Fiber-Fed Spectrometersp. 383
Echelle Spectrometersp. 384
Nonobjective Slitless Spectrometersp. 396
Concluding Remarksp. 407
Referencesp. 407
Bibliographyp. 407
Adaptive Optics: An Introductionp. 409
Effects of Atmospheric Turbulencep. 410
Correction of Wavefront Distortionp. 415
Adaptive Optics: Systems and Componentsp. 421
Concluding Remarksp. 423
Referencesp. 424
Bibliographyp. 424
Detectors, Signal-to-Noise, and Detection Limitsp. 425
Detector Characteristicsp. 426
Signal-to-Noise Ratiop. 433
Detection Limits and Signal-to-Noise Ratiop. 435
Detection Limits: Stellar Photometryp. 438
Detection Limits: Spectroscopyp. 440
Referencesp. 443
Bibliographyp. 443
Large Mirrors and Telescope Arraysp. 444
Large Mirrorsp. 444
Telescope Arrays; Interferometersp. 451
Referencesp. 457
Bibliographyp. 457
Table of Symbolsp. 459
Indexp. 467
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780126298109
ISBN-10: 0126298106
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 478
Published: 27th September 1999
Publisher: ACADEMIC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.57 x 15.93  x 2.72
Weight (kg): 0.78
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised