Written by an expert in the field of classroom assessment, Essential Assessment Concepts for Teachers and Administrators, Second Edition is a user-friendly resource that helps teachers, administrators, and other school personnel understand how to apply essential assessment concepts in their schools. This guide is also an ideal reference for policymakers in making assessment-related decisions. Whether the assessment is focused on what occurs in the classroom or on externally mandated standardized tests, teachers will learn how to effectively integrate the assessment process with teaching and learning to enhance student learning and promote overall educational goals. The author provides guidelines for developing high-quality assessments and for using them appropriately and discusses important principles of standardized testing, including standards-based testing. This second edition features two new chapters. Chapter 5aprovides a succinct overview of different assessment techniques and methods, including both constructed-response and closed-end assessments, while Chaptera8 discusses grading practices in the context of standards-based education.