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Aspects of Semantic Opposition in English : Oxford Studies in Lexicography and Lexicology - Arthur Mettinger

Aspects of Semantic Opposition in English

Oxford Studies in Lexicography and Lexicology

Hardcover

Published: 3rd February 1994
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Antonymy is recongized as an important type of meaning relation in natural languages, yet there are very few detailed empirical studies of the topic. Through an analysis of a corpus of 43 contemporary English-language novels Dr Mettinger isolates ten syntactic frames within which antonyms are regularly found: these serve as a useful heuristic tool for eliciting opposites from texts. He argues that there are two kinds of antonyms: systemic opposites which have meaning relations definable in strictly semantic terms, and non-systemic opposites which require contextual and encyclopaedic knowledge for an interpretation of their relationship. The author analyses systemic opposites within an autonomous semantics framework based on semantic field theory, using semantic features, semantic dimensions, and archisememes as descriptive tools. His analysis of 350 pairs of antonyms taken from Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases yields a typology of meaning-opposition in English based on syntacticosemantic criteria such as gradability and scalarity which stands in contrast to standard logic-based typologies. Among the specific topics covered are `negative' prefixes, the problem of markedness, and the treatment of meaning-opposition from a cognitive point of view.

`The lexical entries are highly useful...Anyone who has tried to present an explicit and detailed lexical semantic analysis will appreciate the care that has gone into these entries...Anyone who is interested in the organization of the lexicon and who has some background of antonymy will profit from this book...M has valuable hands-on experience which would be welcomed by readers who wish to become more effective empiricists' Lexicology `The lexical entries are highly useful...Anyone who has tried to present an explicit and detailed lexical analysis will appreciate the care that has gone into these entries...Anyone who is interested in the organisation of the lexicon and who has some background knowledge of antonymy will profit from this book...M has valuable hands-on experience which would be welcomed by readers who wish to become more effective empiricists' Lexicology

Abbreviated Titles of Texts Cited in Examplesp. vii
Introductionp. 1
"Antonvrny": Scope and Delimitationsp. 4
Notes to Chapter 1p. 23
Contrastp. 33
Notes to Chapter 2p. 56
Semantic Opposition: Systemic versus Non-Systemicp. 61
Notes to Chapter 3p. 74
Oppositeness of Meaning: Basic Assumptionsp. 84
Notes to Chapter 4p. 91
Central Oppositeness of Meaning: Analysesp. 94
Central Oppositeness of Meaning: Some Further Issuesp. 148
Notes to Chapter 6p. 164
Opposites in Context: Index of Sourcesp. 169
Bibliographyp. 180
Indexp. 199
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198242697
ISBN-10: 0198242697
Series: Oxford Studies in Lexicography and Lexicology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 214
Published: 3rd February 1994
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.3 x 14.4  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.39