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Aspect : An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems - Bernard Comrie

Aspect

An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems

Paperback

Published: 2nd August 1976
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An introduction to the general linguistic study of aspect. Topics covered include the relation of tense and aspect, the morphology and the semantics of aspect, and structuralist and philosophical approaches. Dr Comrie draws his examples particularly from English and the Slavonic and Romance languages, but also from Arabic, Chinese, Welsh, Greek and a variety of others. This is the first study of aspect, considered as a general linguistic phenomenon. It is intended for students of individual languages as well as for students of linguistics.

Prefacep. vii
Abbreviationsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Definition of aspectp. 1
Meaning and formp. 6
Terminologyp. 11
Structure of the bookp. 13
General readingp. 14
Perfective and imperfectivep. 16
Perfectivep. 16
Definition of perfectivityp. 16
Perfectivity and other aspectual valuesp. 21
Imperfectivep. 24
Habitualp. 26
Habitual and other aspectual valuesp. 30
Progressivep. 32
Aspect and inherent meaningp. 41
Punctual and durativep. 41
Telic and atelicp. 44
State and dynamic situationp. 48
Perfectp. 52
Types of perfectp. 56
Perfect of resultp. 56
Experiential perfectp. 58
Perfect of persistent situationp. 60
Perfect of recent pastp. 60
Perfect and other aspectsp. 61
Prospective aspectp. 64
Aspect and tensep. 66
Perfective, present, and futurep. 66
Aspectual distinctions restricted to certain tensesp. 71
Narrative Presentp. 73
Combined tense/aspect oppositionsp. 78
Aspect and time reference in tenseless languagesp. 82
Aspect and voicep. 84
Formal expression of aspectual oppositionsp. 87
Morphology of aspectp. 87
Prefixing in Balto-Slavonic, Georgian, and Hungarianp. 88
Combined tense/aspect morphologyp. 94
Syntactic expressions of aspectual oppositionsp. 98
Locative expressions of aspectual oppositionsp. 98
Progressive and imperfective aspectp. 98
Contingent statep. 103
Direction and aspectp. 106
Perfect as present plus pastp. 106
Perfect and inferentialp. 108
Markednessp. 111
Markedness and semanticsp. 112
Markedness and morphologyp. 114
Neutralisationp. 116
Markedness and frequencyp. 116
Markedness and contextp. 118
Degree of markednessp. 122
Language guidep. 123
Genetic classification of languages citedp. 123
Aspectual systems of individual languagesp. 124
Englishp. 124
Slavonic (Russian, Bulgarian, Old Church Slavonic)p. 125
Romance (French, Spanish)p. 126
Greek (Ancient Greek, Modern Greek)p. 127
Chinese (Mandarin)p. 128
Other languages (Turkish, ChiBemba)p. 128
Recent approaches to aspectp. 129
Localist theory of aspectp. 129
Feature analysisp. 130
Model-theoretic semanticsp. 132
Referencesp. 134
Indexp. 139
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521290456
ISBN-10: 0521290457
Series: Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 156
Published: 2nd August 1976
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.22