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Art in Theory 1648-1815 : An Anthology of Changing Ideas - Charles Harrison

Art in Theory 1648-1815

An Anthology of Changing Ideas

By: Charles Harrison (Editor), Paul Wood (Editor), Jason Gaiger (Editor)

Paperback Published: 18th January 2001
ISBN: 9780631200642
Number Of Pages: 1244

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<i>Art in Theory (1648-1815)</i> provides a wide-ranging and comprehensive collection of documents on the theory of art from the founding of the French Academy until the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Like its highly successful companion volumes, <i>Art in Theory (1815-1900)</i> and <i>Art in Theory (1900-1990),</i> its' primary aim is to provide students and teachers with the documentary material for informed and up-to-date study. Its' 240 texts, clear principles of organization and considerable editorial content offer a vivid and indispensable introduction to the art of the early modern period. <br><p>Harrison, Wood and Gaiger have collected writing by artists, critics, philosophers, literary figures and administrators of the arts, some reprinted in their entirety, others excerpted from longer works. A wealth of material from French, German, Italian, Spanish, Dutch and Latin sources is also provided, including many new translations. <br><p>Among the major themes treated are early arguments over the relative merits of ancient and modern art, debates between the advocates of form and color, the beginnings of modern art criticism in reviews of the Salon, art and politics during the French Revolution, the rise of landscape painting, and the artistic theories of Romanticism and Neo-classicism. <br><p><br><p>Each section is prefaced by an essay that situates the ideas of the period in their historical context, while relating theoretical concerns and debates to developments in the practice of art. Each individual text is also accompanied by a short introduction. An extensive bibliography and full index are provided. <br><p>For more details of our book and journal list in Art, visit http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/arttheory

Industry Reviews

"All three of these books are essential additions to any public or private library concerned with Art. For the reader who comes a novice to this discipline they provide a superb first entry point to an otherwise bewildering array of publications concerned with the theory of art. Rather like a jigsaw puzzle they encourage the reader to make the connections that will complete the picture. But more importantly, what each of these anthologies does brilliantly is to tempt the relative novice to go further with their research. By presenting an overview of the evolution of a set of ideas within defined parameters and over a specified period of time through the erudite selection of sensitively edited primary texts, the reader is subtly invited to seek out the originals and flesh out their understanding. For those who are more experienced in the field they cleverly provide a means of prompting new ideas within the reader's field of enquiry."
--Journal of Art & Design


A Note on the Presentation and Editing of Texts.

General Introduction.

Part I: Establishing the Place of Art:.


1. Ancients and Moderns:.

1. From The Painting of the Ancients 1637: Franciscus Junius.

2. Letter to Junius 1637: Peter Paul Rubens.

3. From The Art of Painting, its Antiquity and Greatness 1649: Francisco Pacheco.

4. Dedication to Constantijn Huygens from Icones I 1660: Jan de Bisschop.

5. From Painting Illustrated in Three Dialogues 1685: William Aglionby.

6. 'A Digression on the Ancients and the Moderns' 1688: Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle.

7. Preface and 'Second Dialogue' from Parallel of the Ancients and Moderns 1688: Charles Perrault.

8. From Reflections upon Ancient and Modern Learning 1694: William Wotton.

2. The Academy: Systems and Principles:.

9. Letters to Chantelou and to Chambray 1647/1665: Nicholas Poussin.

10. Observations on Painting c. 1660-5: Nicholas Poussin.

11. Recollections of Poussin 1662-1685: Various Authors.

12. Petition to the King and to the Lords of his Council 1648: Martin de Charmois.

13. Statutes and Regulations of the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture 1648.

14. From An Idea of the Perfection of Painting 1662: Roland Freart de Chambray.

15. Letter to Poussin c. 1665: Jean Baptiste Colbert.

16. 'The Idea of the Painter, Sculptor and Architect' 1664: Giovanni Pietro Bellori.

17. From Conversations on the Lives and Works of the Most Excellent Ancient and Modern Painters 1666: Andre Felibien.

18. Preface to Seven Conferences 1667: Andre Felibien.

19. 'First Conference' 1667: Charles LeBrun.

20. 'Second Conference' 1667: Philippe de Champaigne.

21. 'Sixth Conference' 1667: Charles LeBrun.

22. 'Conference on Expression' 1668: Charles LeBrun.

23. Table of Precepts: Expression 1680: Henri Testelin.

3. Form and Colour:.

24. 'De Imitatione Statuorum', before 1640: Peter Paul Rubens.

25. From The Microcosm of Painting 1657: Francesco Scannelli.

26. From 'Diary of the Cavaliere Bernini's Visit to France' 1665: Paul Freart de Chantelou.

27. From De Arte Graphica 1667: Charles-Alphonse Du Fresnoy.

28. 'Remarks on De Arte Graphica' 1668: Roger de Piles.

29. From The Rich Mines of Venetian Painting 1676: Marco Boschini.

30. 'Conference on Titian's Virgin and Child with St John' 1671: Phillipe de Champaigne.

31. 'Conference on the Merits of Colour' 1671: Louis Gabriel Blanchard.

32. 'Thoughts on M. Blanchard's Discourse on the Merits of Colour' 1672: Charles LeBrun.

33. From Dialogue upon Colouring 1673: Roger de Piles.

34. From Practical Discourse on the Most Noble Art of Painting c. 1675: Jusepe Martinez.

35. From The Antiquity of the Art of Painting c. 1690: Felix da Costa.

4. The 'je ne sais quoi':.

36. From The Hero 1637: Baltasar Gracian.

37. From The Art of Worldly Wisdom 1647: Baltasar Gracian.

38. 'Answer to Davenant's Preface to Gondibert' 1650: Thomas Hobbes.

39. From Fire in the Bush and The Law of Freedom in a Platform 1650/2: Gerrard Winstanley.

40. From Pensees c.1654-1662: Blaise Pascal.

41. On Grace and Beauty from Conversations on the Lives and Works of the Most Excellent Ancient and Modern Painters 1666: Andre Felibien.

42. From The Conversations of Aristo and Eugene 1671: Dominique Bouhours.

43. From A Compleat Body of Divinity 1689/1701: Samuel Willard.

44. On Art and Beauty, Before 1716: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.

5. Practical Resources:.

45. From Miniatura; or The Art of Limning, Revised 1648: Edward Norgate.

46. On Rembrandt and Jan Lievens c.1630: Constantijn Huygens.

47. Letters to Constantijn Huygens 1636-9: Rembrandt van Rijn.

48. From In Praise of Painting 1642: Philips Angel.

49. From The Art of Painting, its Antiquity and Greatness 1649: Francisco Pacheco.

50. Preface to Perspective Practical 1651: Jean Dubreuil.

51. From Introduction to the Academy of Painting; or, The Visible World 1678: Samuel van Hoogstraten.

52. 'The Excellency of Painting' from A Treatise of Perspective 1684: R. P. Bernard Lamy.

53. From Principles for Studying the Sovereign and Most Noble Art of Painting 1693: Jose Garcia Hidalgo.

Part II: The Profession of Art:.


6. Painting as a Liberal Art:.

54. From The Great Book on Painting 1707: Gerard de Lairesse.

55. From The Principles of Painting 1708: Roger de Piles.

56. On Feminine Studies, After 1700: Rosalba Carriera (1675-1757).

57. 'To the Reader' 1710: Mary Chudleigh.

58. From The Pictorial Museum and Optical Scale 1715-24: Antonio Palomino y Velasco.

59. From Essay on the Theory of Painting 1715: Jonathan Richardson.

60. From The Science of a Connoisseur 1719: Jonathan Richardson.

61. On the Grand Manner, from 'On the Aesthetic of the Painter' 1721: Antoine Coypel.

62. From 'On the Excellence of Painting' 1721: Antoine Coypel.

63. From Cyclopaedia 1728: Ephraim Chambers.

64. 'On Drawings' 1732: Comte de Caylus.

65. 'The Life of Antoine Watteau' 1748: Comte de Caylus.

7. Imagination and Understanding:.

66. 'Of the Association of Ideas' from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1700: John Locke.

67. From 'The Moralists, A Philosophical Rhapsody' 1709: Anthony Ashley Cooper, Third Earl of Shaftesbury.

68. From 'A Notion of the Historical Draught of the Tablature of the Judgement of Hercules' 1712: Anthony Ashley Cooper, Third Earl of Shaftesbury.

69. 'On the Pleasures of the Imagination' 1712: Joseph Addison.

70. From Treatise on Beauty 1714: Jean-Pierre de Crousaz.

71. From Critical Reflections on Poetry and Painting 1719: Abbe Jean-Baptiste du Bos.

72. Preface to An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue 1725: Francis Hutcheson.

73. 'Third Dialogue' from Alciphron, or the Minute Philosopher 1732: George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.

74. 'Of the Sublime' 1725: Jonathan Richardson.

75. 'The Beau Ideal' 1732: Lambert Hermanson ten Kate.

76. From The Philosopher's Cabinet 1734: Pierre de Marivaux.

77. 'The Beauty of the World' c.1750: Jonathan Edwards.

Part III: Judgement and the Public Sphere:.


8. Classical and Contemporary:.

78. From A Treatise on Ancient Painting 1740: George Turnbull.

79. From 'Discourse on the Arts and Sciences' 1750: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

80. From 'Discourse on the Origins of Inequality' 1755: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

81. From Observations upon the Antiquities of the Town of Herculaneum 1753: Jerôme-Charles Bellicard and Charles Nicolas Cochin fils.

82. From Reflections on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and Sculpture 1755: Johann Joachim Winckelmann.

83. From An Inquiry into the Beauties of Painting 1761: Daniel Webb.

84. From The Antiquities of Athens 1762: James Stewart and Nicholas Revett.

85. From A History of Ancient Art 1764: Johann Joachim Winckelmann.

86. 'Of the Camera Obscura' from Essay on Painting 1764: Francesco Algarotti.

87. From Laocoon: on the Limitations of Painting and Poetry 1766: Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.

9. Aesthetics and the Sublime:.

88. From Reflections on Poetry 1735: Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten.

89. 'Prolegomena' to Aesthetica 1750: Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten.

90. From The Analysis of Beauty 1753: William Hogarth.

91. 'Dialogue on Taste' 1755: Allan Ramsay.

92. 'Of the Standard of Taste' 1757: David Hume.

93. From A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful 1757: Edmund Burke.

94. 'An Essay on Taste' 1757: Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu.

95. 'Essay on Taste' 1757: Voltaire.

96. Letters to 'The Idler' 1759: Joshua Reynolds.

97. From Conjectures on Original Composition 1759: Edward Young.

98. From Giphantia 1760: Charles François Tiphaigne de la Roche.

99. From Aesthetica in Nuce 1762: Johann Georg Hamann.

100. From Reflections on Beauty and Taste in Painting 1762: Anton Raphael Mengs.

101. 'Beautiful, Beauty' from Philosophical Dictionary 1764: Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet).

102. 'Of Taste' from Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man 1785: Thomas Reid.

10. The Practice of Criticism:.

103. Reflections on Some Causes of the Present State of Painting in France 1747: Etienne La Font de Saint-Yenne.

104. From 'Letter on the Exhibition of Works of Painting, Sculpture, etc.' 1747: Jean-Bernard, Abbe le Blanc.

105. From 'Letter on Painting, Sculpture and Architecture' 1748: Louis-Guillaume Baillet de Saint-Julien.

106. 'On Composition' 1750: Comte de Caylus.

107. From Essay on Architecture 1753: Marc-Antoine, Abbe Laugier.

108. 'Letter to M. de Bachaumont on Taste in the Arts and Letters' 1751: Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye.

109. 'Art' from the Encyclopedie 1751: Denis Diderot.

110. 'Genius' from the Encyclopedie 1757: Jean-Francois, Marquis de Saint-Lambert.

111. 'Observation' from the Encyclopedie 1765: Anonymous.

112. From the Correspondence Litteraire 1756: Friedrich Melchior, Baron Grimm.

113. 'Reflexions on Sculpture' 1761: Etienne Falconet.

114. From the 'Salon of 1763', 1763: Denis Diderot.

115. From the 'Salon of 1765' and 'Notes on Painting' 1765: Denis Diderot.

116. From the 'Salon of 1767', 1768: Denis Diderot.

Part IV: A Public Discourse:.


11. Consolidation and Instruction:.

117. Letter to Richard Graves 1760: William Shenstone.

118. 'Of Academies' c.1760-1: William Hogarth.

119. From 'Letter on Sculpture' 1765: Frans Hemsterhuis.

120. 'A Discourse upon the Academy of Fine Art at Madrid' 1766: Anton Raphael Mengs.

121. Correspondence 1766-7: Benjamin West and John Singleton Copley.

122. On the Death of General Wolfe c.1771: Benjamin West.

123. From Discourses on Art, III, VI and XI 1770-82: Joshua Reynolds.

124. Discourse IX 1780: Joshua Reynolds.

125. On Exhibtions by Angelica Kauffman 1775-86: Various Reviewers.

126. From An Inquiry into the Real and Imaginary Obstructions to the Acquisition of the Arts in England 1774: James Barry.

127. From 'Disconnected Thoughts on Painting, Sculpture and Poetry' 1781: Denis Diderot.

128. From Treatise on the Principles and Rules of Painting 1781: Jean-Etienne Liotard.

129. From A Review of the Polite Arts in France 1782: Valentine Green.

130. 'Address to the Royal Academy of San Fernando regarding the Method of Teaching the Visual Arts' 1792: Francisco Goya.

131. From the Dictionnaire des Arts de Peinture, Sculpture et Gravure 1792: Claude-Henri Watelet and Pierre-Charles Levesque.

132. A Letter to the Dilettanti Society 1798: James Barry.

12. Revolution:.

133. From Memoires Secrets 1783-5: Anonymous.

134. Letter to Joseph-Marie Vien 1789: Charles-Etienne-Gabriel Cuvillier.

135. Review of the Salon of 1789: Comte de Mende Maupas.

136. 'Artists' Demand' 1789: Students of the Academie Royale des Beaux-Arts.

137. Letter to Thomas Jefferson 1789: John Trumbull.

138. Response to Edmund Burke 1790: Mary Wollstonecraft.

139. 'On the System of Teaching' from Considerations on the Arts of Design in France 1791: Antoine Quatremere de Quincy.

140. On his Picture of Le Peletier 1793: Jacques-Louis David.

141. Preliminary Statement to the Official Catalogue of the Salon 1793: Gazat, Minister of the Interior/Anonymous.

142. 'The Jury of Art' 1793: Jacques-Louis David.

143. Proposal for a Monument to the French People 1793: Jacques-Louis David.

144. Project for the Apotheoses of Barra and Viala 1794: Jacques-Louis David.

145. 'Foreword' to the Historical and Chronological Description of the Monuments of Sculpture 1795/7: Alexandre Lenoir.

Part V: Nature and Human Nature:.


13. The Human as Subject:.

146. Letters 1758-73: Thomas Gainsborough.

147. On Thomas Gainsborough 1788: Joshua Reynolds.

148. 'Of the Effects of Genius' 1770: William Duff.

149. 'On German Architecture' 1772: Johann Wolfgang Goethe.

150. On London, from Letter to Baldinger 1775: Georg Christoph Lichtenberg.

151. From Essays on Physiognomy 1775-8: Johann Kaspar Lavater.

152. From Sculpture: Some Observations on Form and Shape from Pygmalion's Creative Dream 1778: Johann Gottfried Herder.

153. 'What is Enlightenment?' 1784: Immanuel Kant.

154. From 'On the Creative Imitation of Beauty' 1788: Karl Phillip Moritz.

155. From Critique of Judgment 1790: Immanuel Kant.

156. From Essays on the Nature and Principles of Taste 1790: Archibald Alison.

157. From Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man 1795-6: Friedrich Schiller.

158. From 'On Naive and Sentimental Poetry' 1795-6: Friedrich Schiller.

159. Letter to Karl Friedrich von Heinitz 1796: Asmus Jakob Carstens.

160. The 'Earliest System-Programme of German Idealism' c.1796: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

14. Landscape and the Picturesque:.

161. 'Unconnected Thoughts on Gardening' 1764: William Shenstone.

162. 'The Principles of Painting' from Essays on Prints 1768: William Gilpin.

163. 'Letter on Landscape Painting' 1770: Salomon Gessner.

164. Exchange of Letters on Landscape Painting 1784: Salomon Gessner and Konrad Gessner.

165. From Observations on the River Wye 1782: William Gilpin.

166. 'Landscape (Arts of Design)' from General Theory of the Fine Arts 1771-4: Johann Georg Sulzer.

167. Review of The Fine Arts in their Origin, their True Nature and Best Application, by J.G. Sulzer 1772: Johann Wolfgang Goethe.

168. 'Nature' 1782-3: Georg Christof Tobler.

169. 'A New Method of Assisting the Invention in Drawing Original Compositions of Landscape' 1785: Alexander Cozens.

170. 'On Landscape Painting' 1790: Johann Kaspar Lavater.

171. From 'On Picturesque Beauty' and 'On Picturesque Travel' 1792: William Gilpin.

172. 'On Landscapes and Seapieces' from Charis, or on Beauty and the Beautiful in the Imitative Arts 1793: Friedrich Ramdohr.

173. From 'An Essay on the Picturesque' 1794: Sir Uvedale Price.

174. From The Landscape: A Dramatic Poem 1795: Richard Payne Knight.

175. From 'A Dialogue on the Distinct Characters of the Picturesque and the Beautiful' 1801: Sir Uvedale Price.

176. Notebook and Diary Entires, c.1790 to 1797: Katherine Plymley.

177. 'Letter on Landscape Painting' 1795: Francois Rene, Comte de Chateaubriand.

178. 'On Poetry and Our Relish for the Beauties of Nature' 1797: Mary Wollstonecraft.

179. From Northanger Abbey c.1799-1803: Jane Austen.

Part VI: Romanticism:.


15. Romantic Aesthetics:.

180. From 'Critical Fragments' 1797: Friedrich Schlegel.

181. From 'Athenaeum Fragments' 1798: Friedrich Schlegel.

182. 'Fugitive Thoughts' 1798-1801: Novalis.

183. From Aphorisms on Art 1802: Joseph Gorres.

184. 'Advertisement' from Lyrical Ballads 1798: William Wordsworth.

185. From Preface to Lyrical Ballads 1800: William Wordsworth.

186. From Description of Paintings in Paris and the Netherlands in the Years 1802-04 1805: Friedrich Schlegel.

187. From 'Concerning the Relation of the Plastic Arts to Nature' 1807: Friedrich Schelling.

188. 'The Spirit of True Criticism' from A Course of Lectures Dramatic Art and Literature 1808: August Wilhelm Schlegel.

189. From 'Aphorisms on Art' 1788-1818: Henry Fuseli.

190. 'On the Principles of Genial Criticism' 1814: Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

191. From A Philosophical View of Reform 1819-20: Percy Bysshe Shelley.

16. Painting and Fiction:.

192. From Confessions from the Heart of an Art-Loving Friar 1796: Wilhelm Wackenroder.

193. From Franz Sternbald's Wanderings 1798: Ludwig Tieck.

194. On the Caprichos 1799: Francisco de Goya.

195. The Blue Flower from Henry of Ofterdingen 1799-1801: Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg).

196. Letters 1802: Philipp Otto Runge.

197. From Corinne 1807: Madame de Staël.

198. Letters 1799-1805: William Blake.

199. Marginal Notes to Reynolds' Discourses 1801-9: William Blake.

200. From Descriptive Catalogue 1809: William Blake.

201. Introduction to The Grave 1808: Henry Fuseli.

202. From Views on the Dark Side of Natural Science 1808: Gotthilf Heinrich Schubert.

203. 'Remarks Upon a Landscape Painting Intended as an Altar Piece by Herr Friedrich' 1809: Friedrich Ramdohr.

204. On The Cross in the Mountains, Letter to Schulz 1809: Caspar David Friedrich.

205. 'Various Emotions before a Seascape by Friedrich' 1810: Clemens Brentano.

206. 'Emotions before Friedrich's Seascape' 1810: Heinrich Kleist.

207. 'Letter from a Young Poet to a Young Painter' 1810: Heinrich Kleist.

208. 'Beethoven's Instrumental Music' 1813: E.T.A. Hoffmann.

209. Letter to Arndt 1814: Caspar David Friedrich.

Part VII: Observation and Tradition:.


17. Objects of Study:.

210. Introduction to the Propylaen 1798: Johann Wolfgang Goethe.

211. From Reflections on the Present Condition of the Female Sex 1798: Priscilla Wakefield.

212. From 'Advice to a Student on Painting, and Particularly on Landscape' 1800: Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes.

213. Letters to Dunthorne 1799-1814: John Constable.

214. 'An Account of a Method of Copying Paintings Upon Glass, and of Making Profiles' 1802: Thomas Wedgwood and Humphry Davy.

215. 'On Landscape Painting' 1803: Karl Ludwig Fernow.

216. From Essays on the Anatomy of Expression in Painting 1806: Charles Bell.

217. Letter to Goethe 1806: Philipp Otto Runge.

218. From Theory of Colours 1810: Johann Wolfgang Goethe.

219. 'Backgrounds, Introduction of Architecture and Landscape' 1811: Joseph Mallord William Turner.

220. From A Treatise on Landscape Painting and Effect in Water Colours 1813-14: David Cox.

221. Preface to Etchings of Rustic Figures 1815: William Henry Pyne.

222. From Daylight: A Recent Discovery in the Art of Painting 1817: Henry Richter.

223. Advice on the Painting of Portraits c.1820-30: Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun.

18. The Continuity of Symbols:.

224. 'Discourse to the Students of the Royal Academy' 1792: Benjamin West.

225. 'The Painting of the Sabines' 1799: Jacques-Louis David.

226. 'Discourse Addressed to Vien' 1800: Pupils of David.

227. 'Of the Subjects of Pictures' from The Genius of Christianity 1802: François-Rene, Comte de Chateaubriand.

228. Letter to Passavant 1808: Franz Pforr.

229. 'The Three Ways of Art' 1810: Friedrich Overbeck.

230. Letter to Joseph Gorres 1814: Peter Cornelius.

231. From The Description of Egypt 1809-20: Edme François Jomard (ed., et al).

232. 'Style' after 1810: John Flaxman.

233. From Symbolism and Mythology of the Ancient Peoples, Particularly the Greeks 1810: Georg Friedrich Creuzer.

234. The Debate on the Elgin Marbles 1808-1816:.

Letter to the Monthly Magazine 1808: George Cumberland.

Letter to the Earl of Elgin 1809: Benjamin West.

Letters to de Quincy and the Earl of Elgin 1815: Antonio Canova.

From Report of the Parliamentary Select Committee on the Earl of Elgin's Collection of Marbles 1816.

From The Judgement of Connoisseurs upon Works of Art 1816: Benjamin Robert Haydon.

'The Fine Arts' from Supplement to the Encyclopaedia Britannica 1816: William Hazlitt.

235. From Notebooks and Letters c.1813-21: Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres.

236. From An Inquiry into the Symbolical Language of Ancient Art and Mythology 1818: Richard Payne Knight.


Copyright Acknowledgements.


ISBN: 9780631200642
ISBN-10: 0631200649
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 1244
Published: 18th January 2001
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.5 x 17.4  x 5.0
Weight (kg): 1.58
Edition Number: 1

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