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Arms Industry Limited : SIPRI Monographs - Herbert Wulf

Arms Industry Limited

SIPRI Monographs

By: Herbert Wulf (Editor)

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Arms Industry Limited is an empirical account of the size and structure of the world arms industry with special case studies of the United States, the former Soviet Union, Canada, countries in both Western and Central Europe, and countries in the less developed world and in the Asia-Pacific region. The book describes the various strategies which arms producing companies have adopted in order to meet the challenges and commitments of the post-cold war world. Governments are in the process of restructuring national armed forces and revising military equipment procurement plans. Military budgets are tighter in many parts of the world, affecting national arms production and arms exports. The most common company strategies are to reduce the size of the firm and lay off employees, to mothball production facilities, to `transnationalize' firms, and to convert firms to non-military production. While there are counter-pressures to a decrease in the production and export of arms, in the future companies will probably have to reduce their production capacities and number of employees even further. The strong international pressure on governments to regulate arms exports, particularly since the 1991 Persian Gulf War, is also examined by the international group of experts who have contributed the case studies in the volume.

Industry Reviews

`in the best of SIPRI traditions: of broad scope, well-documented, and containing a wealth of empirical material and tables' NOD and Conversion `a worthwhile buy for the serious student of international military/industrial affairs. Those briefers in search of background material will find it worthy of every penny' The RUSI Journal `those familiar with the annual SIPRI yearbook will find the same rigorous and painstaking analysis ... What distinguishes Arms Industry Limited from other works is its examination of the economic pressures that affect the international arms trade' Amrs Control Today `another excellent survey of value to peace movement activists and academic researchers alike ... It is another excellent reference work from SIPRI and deals very effectively with both the detail and the broad policy issues' Global Security `If you want to know how the defence business is faring in the current climate, its all here. The amount of facts and figures that are presented ... are staggering.'Millennium 'A useful collection on an important aspect of contemporary defence economics.' The Journal of Strategic Studies, Volume 16, Number 4, December 1993 `useful in providing a wealth of information about aspects of security ... valuable for their intelligent treatment of issues and problems which are likely to be relevant for many years to come ... This book is both topical and very useful for anyone who is interested in recent developments in and issues facing the world's military-industrial complexes. It is characterized throughout by clarity in the presentation and analysis of an impressive body of information ... The book is also good at putting current issues into historical context and at looking ahead to problems on the horizon, and as such does more than merely provide a snapshot of the state of the arms industry in the early 1990s' Intelligence and National Security `Well researched book ... Of particular interest to the Indian readers, is the present problems in earstwhile USSR, Australia, and Turkey, the countries on which we have little information. The book contains valuable information on industries in these countries.' USI Journal

Abbreviations, acronyms and conventions
Arms industry limited: the turning-point in the 1990sp. 3
The changed environmentp. 3
Diverse regional developmentsp. 6
Employment in the arms industryp. 12
Effects on companiesp. 18
The United States: trends in defence procurement and research and development programmesp. 29
The history of acquisition fundingp. 31
Modernization in the 1980sp. 32
Acquisition in the 1990sp. 34
Future defence funding prospects and potential problemsp. 38
The United States: unmanaged change in the defence industryp. 50
The historical contextp. 51
Defence industry employmentp. 52
The current arms market structurep. 54
Government policy responsesp. 62
The United States: arms exports and implications for arms productionp. 66
Measuring the US share of the global arms tradep. 67
The economic dimension of US arms salesp. 72
Export dependence in the US arms industryp. 74
The impact of domestic arms procurement on arms exportsp. 76
Political aspects of US arms transfer policyp. 80
The Soviet Union and the successor republics: defence industries coming to terms with disunionp. 87
The historical backgroundp. 87
The Russian Federationp. 90
Ukrainep. 98
Belarusp. 102
Moldovap. 103
Kazakhstanp. 104
Georgiap. 105
Armeniap. 106
Azerbaijanp. 106
Uzbekistanp. 106
Kyrgyzstanp. 107
Tajikistanp. 107
Turkmenistanp. 107
The Baltic republicsp. 108
The Soviet Union: arms control and conversion - plan and realityp. 109
The Gorbachev plan for conversion and its resultsp. 109
Political struggle over the direction of conversionp. 113
Conversion dilemmas after the breakup of the Soviet Unionp. 115
The Soviet Union and the successor republics: arms exports and the struggle with the heritage of the military-industrial complexp. 121
The historical context: a short history of Soviet arms tradep. 121
Arms exports in recent yearsp. 124
What next: restraint or expansion?p. 132
Appendix 7A. Soviet arms exports, 1980-80p. 137
Western Europe: facing over-capacitiesp. 143
Country characteristicsp. 144
Producers and industrial sectorsp. 148
Perspectivesp. 158
Western Europe: internationalization of the arms industryp. 160
Forms of internationalizationp. 161
General trends in the internationalization of industrial activitiesp. 165
Internationalization by arms industry sectorp. 167
The European Community: from the EC to the European Unionp. 191
EC competition policyp. 194
Towards an industrial policy for the armament sector: the obstacles aheadp. 202
The internal market and its implications for EC internal trade in defence-related goodsp. 206
The future EC arms transfer regimep. 210
Appendix 10A. Excerpts from treaties relating to security policy, arms production and arms exports of the European Communityp. 214
Poland: declining industry in a period of difficult economic transformationp. 222
The historical backgroundp. 222
The military budgetp. 223
Arms production, the economic condition and the status of military industryp. 226
Organizational and systemic foundations of the arms industryp. 228
Arms exportsp. 233
Conversionp. 236
Czechoslovakia: reductions in arms production in a time of economic and political transformationp. 238
The historical backgroundp. 238
The present Czechoslovak arms industryp. 240
Conversionp. 245
The Czechoslovak arms industry in the Central European regionp. 247
The influence of a breakup of the federation on the arms industryp. 249
Turkey: the arms industry modernization programmep. 251
Incentives for militarizationp. 253
The context of the modernization programmep. 255
The modernization programme in practicep. 261
The aerospace industryp. 264
The People's Republic of China: arms production, industrial strategy and problems of historyp. 271
Problems of historyp. 271
The evolution of the military-industrial systemp. 279
Arms productionp. 283
The technology acquisition processp. 286
Reformsp. 292
Conversion of the arms industry: 'swords into plowshares'?p. 295
Japan: a latent but large supplier of dual-use technologyp. 320
The historical backgroundp. 320
Military expenditurep. 323
The Japanese arms industryp. 328
US-Japanese collaboration in military technologyp. 341
Australia: an emerging arms supplier?p. 345
Establishing an indigenous defence industryp. 346
The defence industry and arms sales: record and dilemmasp. 354
The 'third tier' countries: production of major weaponp. 362
Trends in the production of major conventional weaponsp. 368
The industrial organization of arms productionp. 378
Arms production as an element of arms procurementp. 380
Annexe A. Yugoslavia: arms production before the warp. 387
Annexe B. Bibliography of works on arms productionp. 392
About the contributorsp. 402
Indexp. 406
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198291640
ISBN-10: 0198291647
Series: SIPRI Monographs
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 434
Published: 25th March 1993
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.1 x 16.0  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.83