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Archaeology and the Capitalist World System : A Study from Russian America - Aron L. Crowell

Archaeology and the Capitalist World System

A Study from Russian America

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Published: 30th November 1997
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History has many voices. In the words of Russian fur merchant Grigorii Shelikhov, who led the conquest of Kodiak Island, Alaska, in 1784 and sought to subjugate its indigenous Qikertarmiut population, "the arrival of the Russians in their land had brought them innumerable advantages, security, and prosperity" (Shelikhov 1981:121). Arsenti Aminak, a Qiker­ tarmiut elder in 1851, held a different view. He recalled a Russian ship that visited the island several years before Shelikhov as a "strange monster, never seen before, which we feared and whose stench made us sick. " In 1784, the dead of his people lay on the beach at a place called A'wauq­ meaning "to become numb" -where hundreds had been killed by Skeli­ khov's cannon and muskets (Holmberg 1985:57-59). The Russian hunters who built the Shelikhov-Golikov Company's first outpost on Kodiak Is­ land, at a small cove they called Gavan Trekh Svetitelei (as commonly translated, "Three Saints Harbor"), recalled their own miseries and de­ spair: "We . . . spent the winter in ceaseless labors and . . . suffered great shortages and real famine . . . . Many contracted fever, scurvy, and other ills, and died" (Pierce 1976:75). Eyewitness statements about what happened on Kodiak Island dur­ ing the Russian conquest and early years of colonial rule are important, but rare. They represent the experiences and views of a few individuals who lived through a time of turbulent change and traumatic contact between disparate cultures.

`This pioneering study is well illustrated with photographs of the excavation, plans of the village, and historical illustrations of persons and the landscape. An important acquisition for academic libraries, especially where there are programs in history, anthropology, and archaeology. Upper division undergraduates and above.' Choice, June 1998

Russian America and the Archaeology of Capitalismp. 1
History and Archaeologyp. 2
Collaborative Studies at Three Saints Harborp. 3
The Capitalist World System and Historical Archaeologyp. 5
The World System and the Fur Tradep. 7
Ethnicity and Culture Change in New World Colonial Societiesp. 16
A World System Model for the Archaeology of Russian Americap. 20
Three Saints Harbor through the Lens of Historyp. 31
Early Russian Contacts on Kodiak Islandp. 33
The Qikertarmiutp. 34
The Shelikhov Expeditionp. 37
The Conquest of Kodiak, 1784p. 40
Three Saints Harbor and the Consolidation of Conquest, 1784-1786p. 46
Three Saints Harbor Settlement, 1786-1793p. 53
Three Saints Harbor Artel, 1793-1880p. 67
Historical Summaryp. 72
Archaeological Overview of the Three Saints Harbor Sitep. 75
University of Wisconsin Excavations, 1962-1963p. 76
U. C. Berkeley-KANA Research, 1989-1991p. 77
Fieldwork Narrativep. 80
Physical and Environmental Settingp. 81
Site Description and Investigationsp. 84
Formation Processesp. 99
Spatial Organizationp. 101
Houses and Householdsp. 103
Colonial Architecturep. 103
Excavations at the Shelikhov Log House (Structure 1)p. 108
Excavations at Structure 2, A Russian Cookhousep. 124
Excavations at Structure 3, A Promyshlennik Barracksp. 127
Houses and Households: Synopsisp. 153
Cultural Remainsp. 155
Artifacts and Industriesp. 155
Dietary Analysis: Animal and Plant Remainsp. 209
Cultural Remains: Synopsisp. 215
Discussion and Conclusionsp. 217
Archaeology of the Three Saints Harbor Krepost Sitep. 217
Prospective for a World System Archaeology of Russian Americap. 224
Conclusionsp. 232
Research at Three Saints Harbor in 1962p. 237
Referencesp. 257
Indexp. 273
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306456695
ISBN-10: 0306456699
Series: Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 286
Published: 30th November 1997
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.37