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Archaeological Chemistry : Rsc Paperbacks - A. Mark Pollard

Archaeological Chemistry

Rsc Paperbacks

Paperback Published: 22nd April 2008
ISBN: 9780854042623
Number Of Pages: 456

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The second edition of this popular title Archaeological Chemistry builds on the successful formula of the first edition. The existing case studies have been expanded to take account of new perspectives and new data in the intervening decade since the 1st edition was published. In addition, two new chapters emphasise the significant increase in molecular and isotopic analysis of organic remains. The two new chapters (stable isotopes and molecules and milk) bring together recent literature about ancient human diets.

Archaeological Chemistry 2nd edition aims to demonstrate the importance and utility of scientific techniques applied to the study of the past. In particular, the role of chemistry is emphasised through a series of case studies. The authors present the scientific investigation as a challenging field of enquiry rather than a routine application of established procedures.

Industry Reviews

"...an excellent, up-to-date sourcebook and companion guide..."
"An authentic snapshot of current chemical applications in archaeology."
"... a comprehensive and current textbook badly needed ..."
"I cannot recommend this book too highly..."
"Archaeological Chemistry will make a fine collection to your library of reference books on instrumental analytical techniques. Perhaps reading the book will assist in solving an unsolved mystery in archaeology."
"...An excellent reference resource... this book presents a comprehensive overview of a number of chemical applications within archaeology."
"In any case this book is strongly recommended as an obligatory text for all chemists, who want to understand the role of chemistry, and in particular analytical chemistry, in our past history and present culture."

The Development of Archaeological Chemistry
Introductionp. 1
Early Investigationsp. 3
The Growth of Scientific Archaeology in the 20th Centuryp. 7
Current Status and Scope of Archaeological Chemistryp. 11
The Structure of this Volumep. 12
Further Readingp. 13
Referencesp. 14
Analytical Techniques Applied to Archaeology
Introductionp. 19
The Structure of the Atom, the Electromagnetic Spectrum and Analytical Spectroscopyp. 20
Techniques Based on Optical Wavelengthsp. 24
Optical Emission Spectroscopyp. 24
Atomic Absorption Spectrometryp. 25
Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometryp. 29
Techniques Using X-Raysp. 33
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometryp. 38
Analytical Electron Microscopyp. 45
Proton-Induced X-Ray Emissionp. 49
Neutron Activation Analysisp. 50
Mass Spectrometric Techniquesp. 56
Chromatographic Techniquesp. 61
Infrared and Raman Spectroscopyp. 66
Other Techniquesp. 68
Referencesp. 69
Obsidian Characterization in the Eastern Mediterranean
Introductionp. 75
Origin and Formation of Obsidianp. 76
Sources of Obsidian in the Eastern Mediterranean and Neighbouring Regionsp. 81
Review of Analytical Workp. 83
Archaeological Implicationsp. 87
Summaryp. 91
Referencesp. 93
The Geochemistry of Clays and the Provenance of Ceramics
Introductionp. 98
The Structure of Clay Mineralsp. 102
The Firing of Clays and the Mineralogical Composition of Ceramicsp. 115
Trace Element Geochemistry in Claysp. 119
The Provenance of Archaeological Ceramics: Roman Finewaresp. 129
Summaryp. 138
Referencesp. 139
The Chemistry, Corrosion and Provenance of Archaeological Glass
Introductionp. 144
The Structure and Chemistry of Archaeological Glassp. 145
The Colour of Glassp. 157
The Decay of Medieval Window Glassp. 166
The Corrosion of Buried Glassp. 177
Radiogenic Isotopes and the Provenance of Glassp. 181
Summaryp. 186
Referencesp. 187
The Chemical Study of Metals - the Medieval and Later Brass Industry in Europe
Introductionp. 193
The Production Methods of Brass in Antiquityp. 195
The Early History of Brass and Zincp. 197
The Medieval and Later European Brass Industryp. 201
The Chemical Analysis of Metal Objectsp. 207
The Chemical Study of European Brass Tokens and Coinsp. 208
The Analysis of European Brass Scientific Instrumentsp. 215
The Analytical Authentication of Brass Instrumentsp. 222
European Copper and Brass in North Americap. 225
Summaryp. 227
Referencesp. 230
The Chemistry and Use of Resinous Substances
Introductionp. 235
Resins: Definition and Usesp. 236
Chemistry of Resinsp. 237
Monoterpenoids and Sesquiterpenoidsp. 238
Diterpenoidsp. 239
Triterpenoidsp. 241
Analysis of Resins in Archaeological Contextsp. 241
Neolithic Tarp. 246
The Chemistry of Birch Bark and Birch Bark Tarsp. 249
The Production and Uses of Neolithic Tarsp. 254
Alternatives to Birch Bark and Softwood Tarp. 255
Summary: Evidence for Other Organic Substancesp. 257
Referencesp. 261
Amino Acid Stereochemistry and the First Americans
Introductionp. 270
The Structure of Bonep. 272
Stereochemistry of Amino Acidsp. 276
Racemization of Amino Acidsp. 277
Amino Acid Racemization Dating of the Californian Paleoindiansp. 280
The End of a Paradigm: Early Humans in the Americasp. 287
'Some Kind of Joke'? Current Uses of Amino Acid Racemizationp. 289
Summaryp. 295
Referencesp. 296
Lead Isotope Geochemistry and the Trade in Metals
Introductionp. 302
The Trace Element Approach to Metal Provenancep. 303
Natural Radioactivity and the Stable Isotopes of Leadp. 306
The Lead Isotopic Composition of Metalliferous Depositsp. 311
Lead Isotopes in Archaeologyp. 321
Isotopic Fractionation by Non-Equilibrium Evaporationp. 322
Defining an Ore Fieldp. 325
Lead Isotopes and the Bronze Age Mediterraneanp. 328
Epilogue - 'What A Long Strange Trip Its Been'!p. 336
Summaryp. 339
Referencesp. 339
The Chemistry of Human Bone: Diet, Nutrition, Status and Mobility
Introductionp. 346
Dietary Reconstruction from Trace Elements in Bone Mineralp. 348
Light Isotope Systematics and Trophic Levelsp. 352
Isotopic Dietary Reconstruction from Human Bonep. 356
Status and Healthp. 365
Mobilityp. 366
Other Isotopic Approaches to Diet and Mobilityp. 367
Carbonates and 'Deep Time'p. 368
Other Biomolecules and Isotopesp. 369
'Provenancing Humans' - Strontium and Oxygen Isotopesp. 370
Summaryp. 372
Referencesp. 373
The Detection of Small Biomolecules: Dairy Products in the Archaeological Record
Introductionp. 383
Fatty Acids: a Brief Overview of Chemistry and Occurrencep. 384
Dairy Chemistryp. 390
Archaeological Investigations of Dairyingp. 391
DNA, Lactase Persistence and Early Dairyingp. 399
Summary: Where do we go from here?p. 400
Referencesp. 401
Summary - Whither Archaeological Chemistry?
Historical Summaryp. 406
The Archaeological Relevance of Chemical Applicationsp. 407
Whither Archaeological Chemistry?p. 409
Referencesp. 411
The Structure of the Atom, and the Electromagnetic Spectrump. 413
Isotopesp. 420
Fundamental Constantsp. 424
Atomic Number and Approximate Atomic Weights (based on [superscript 12]C = 12.000) of the Elementsp. 425
Periodic Table of the Elementsp. 428
Subject Indexp. 429
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780854042623
ISBN-10: 0854042628
Series: Rsc Paperbacks
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 456
Published: 22nd April 2008
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 15.88  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.86
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition

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