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Arab Roots of Gemology : Ahmad ibn Yusuf Al Tifaschi's Best Thoughts on the Best of Stones - Samar Najm Abul Huda

Arab Roots of Gemology

Ahmad ibn Yusuf Al Tifaschi's Best Thoughts on the Best of Stones

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Samar Najm Abul Huda's translation of Ahmad ibn Yusuf al Tifaschi's study of gems. Born in 1184, Al Tifaschi first learned about gems from his father, and augmented his knowledge through readings of Aristotle, Theophrastus, and Pliny, as well as through extensive travels to mines and trading centers. In 1253, he wrote what later became known as the most 'methodical and complete' work on precious stones. Gemologists of today are still astounded by the advanced observations that Al Tifaschi made in this work.

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. xvii
Generalp. 1
Backgroundp. 3
Well-Known Gemstones in the Thirteenth Centuryp. 6
The World Where al Tifaschi Livedp. 8
Ahmad ibn Yusuf al Tifaschip. 9
Gemological Terminology Used by Ahmad al Tifaschi in the Thirteenth Centuryp. 15
Hardness of Gemstonesp. 18
Gemstones Not Mentioned by al Tifaschip. 22
Weights and Measures Used in the Thirteenth Century Numismatics of the Thirteenth Centuryp. 26
Azhar al Afkar fi Djawahir al Ahdjarp. 29
Different Versions of al Tifaschi's Manuscriptp. 31
Facsimile of Manuscriptp. 36
English Translationp. 80
Individual Gemstonesp. 173
Pearl (Djawhar)p. 175
Ruby, Sapphire, and the Other Corundum Varieties (Yaqut, Yaqut asmandjuni, and Yawaqeet ukhra)p. 182
Emerald (Zumurrud)p. 192
Peridot (Zabardjad)p. 197
Spinel (Balakhsh)p. 199
Garnet (Banafsh, also called Mazendj or almandine garnet)p. 201
Tourmaline (Badjadi, also called Bijadi, Bazadi, Bizadi)p. 204
Diamond (Almas or Mas)p. 207
Moonstone Cat's Eye ('Ain al Hirr)p. 213
Bezoar (Bazahr)p. 215
Turquoise (Fairuzadj)p. 219
Cornelian (Carnelian) ('Aqiq)p. 222
Agate (Djaz')p. 224
Magnetite (Maghnatis)p. 226
Emery (Common Corundum) (Sunbazadj)p. 227
Malachite (Dahnadj)p. 229
Lapis Lazuli (Lazuward or Lazward)p. 230
Coral (Mardjan)p. 233
Jet (Sabadj)p. 236
Amethyst (Djimashtt)p. 237
Hematite (Khumahan)p. 239
Jade (Nephrite) (Yashm)p. 240
Jasper (Yassb)p. 242
Rock Crystal (Billawr or Ballur)p. 243
Talc (Talq)p. 245
Analysis of Gemology in al Tifaschip. 247
Fashioning, Grinding, and Polishing of Gemstonesp. 249
Imitation and Synthesis of Gemstonesp. 252
Bibliographyp. 255
Indexp. 261
About the Authorp. 272
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780810832947
ISBN-10: 0810832941
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 28th December 1997
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.25 x 14.28  x 2.18
Weight (kg): 0.49