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Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment : Setac Special Publications Series - R.L. Graney

Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment

Setac Special Publications Series

Hardcover Published: 1st October 1993
ISBN: 9780873715928
Number Of Pages: 736

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A Special Publication of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)
Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment discusses the methods currently used for conducting simulated field studies and provides a series of case histories in which mesocosm type studies have been used to assess the impact of pesticides on aquatic ecosystems. Specific chapters address the dosing and exposure components of such studies and how they influence experimental design. Advantages and disadvantages of various statistical designs are addressed in detail. Regulatory aspects of the design and interpretation of these studies are also covered. The book will be a superb reference for aquatic biologists, ecologists, toxicologists, environmental toxicologists, environmental chemists, and regulatory personnel.

Introductionp. 1
Mesocosms in Risk Assessmentp. 7
EPA Mesocosm Study Reviewp. 17
Regulatory Endpoints and the Experimental Design of Aquatic Mesocosm Testsp. 25
Simulated or Actual Field Testing: A Comparisonp. 35
Contaminant Effects in Marine/Estuarine Systems: Field Studies and Scaled Simulationsp. 47
Summary and Discussionp. 61
Tests of Proportional Means for Mesocosm Studiesp. 71
Design and Statistical Analysis of Field Aquatic Mesocosm Studiesp. 85
Ecological Development and Biometry of Untreated Pond Mesocosmsp. 105
Applying Concentration-Response Theory to Experimental Design of Aquatic Enclosure Studiesp. 129
Optimal Design of Aquatic Field Studiesp. 157
Summary and Discussionp. 173
Sediment Transfers and Representativeness of Mesocosm Test Faunap. 179
Spray Drift and Runoff Simulations of Foliar-Applied Pyrethroids to Aquatic Mesocosms: Rates, Frequencies, and Methodsp. 201
Use of Mesocosm Data to Predict Effects in Aquatic Ecosystems: Limits to Interpretationp. 241
Impact of 2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol (DIATOX) on Plankton Communities in Limnocorralsp. 257
Summary and Discussionp. 295
Fate and Biological Effects of an Herbicide on Two Artificial Pond Ecosystems of Different Sizep. 303
Earthen Ponds vs. Fiberglass Tanks as Venues For Assessing the Impact of Pesticides on Aquatic Environments: A Parallel Study With Sulprofosp. 321
Fate and Effects of Cyfluthrin (Pyrethroid Insecticide) in Pond Mesocosms and Concrete Microcosmsp. 337
Pyrethroid Insecticide Effects on Bluegill Sunfish in Microcosms and Mesocosms and Bluegill Impact on Microcosm Faunap. 373
Summary and Discussionp. 397
Lambda-Cyhalothrin: A Mesocosm Study of Its Effects on Aquatic Organismsp. 403
The Fate and Effects of Guthion (Azinphos Methyl) in Mesocosmsp. 469
Evaluation of the Ecological and Biological Effects of Tralomethrin Utilizing an Experimental Pond Systemp. 497
Response of Zooplankton to Dursban 4E Insecticide in a Pond Experimentp. 517
Algal Periphyton Structure and Function in Response to Consumer Chemicals in Stream Mesocosmsp. 535
Summary and Discussionp. 569
Aquatic Mesocosms in Ecological Effects Testing: Detecting Direct and Indirect Effects of Pesticidesp. 577
On the Use of Ecosystem Stability Measurements in Ecological Effects Testingp. 605
Structural Equation Modeling and Ecosystem Analysisp. 627
The Ecotoxic Effects of Atrazine on Aquatic Ecosystems: An Assessment of Direct and Indirect Effects Using Structural Equation Modelingp. 653
Summary and Discussionp. 693
Indexp. 701
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780873715928
ISBN-10: 0873715926
Series: Setac Special Publications Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 736
Published: 1st October 1993
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.03 x 15.44  x 4.42
Weight (kg): 1.16
Edition Number: 1