The first half of this book, representing both European and Anglo-American philosophical traditions, presents various general aspects of applied ethics. Central issues include: What is the nature of applied ethics? How is applied ethics related to science and technology? Can applied ethics be critically subversive and reformative of conventional morality? How useful are conceptions of rational consensus formation in social policy formation?The papers in the second half of the book focus on the major fields of applied ethics - Business Ethics, Environmental Ethics and Biomedical Ethics. A primary issue that recurs in several of these essays concerns the relationship between ethical theory and moral practice. Other principal concerns are the general nature of business, or environmental ethics: the question of intrinsic values in nature: how to model corporate obligations so as to encompass legitimate forms of social responsibility: and what changes in general moral belief and dispositions of thought might improve our chances of dealing adequately with problems of large-scale environmental degradation.
Contributors include Robert Solomon, Kenneth Goodpaster, Holmes Rolston III, Dale Jamieson, Barry Hoffmaster, Earl Winkler, Michael Philips, Alison Jaggar, James Rachels, Annette Baier, Roger Wertheimer and Matthias Kettner.
Part I: Methodology, Critical Potential and Sceptical Doubts:
1. Science, Ethics and Rationality.
Aristotle and Foucault on Science and Applied Ethics: Bent Flyvberg.
Scientific Knowledge, Discourse Ethics, and Consensus Formation in the Public Domain: Matthias Kettner.
Citizen Virtues for a Technological Order: Langdon Winner.
2. Moral Agreement.
Actual vs. Hypothetical: Alison Jaggar.
Rule Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics: Richard Sikora.
Moral Philosophy as Subversive Activity: James Rachels.
Trust and Distrust of Moral Theorists: Annette Baier.
Socratic Scepticism: Roger Wertheimer.
3. Moral Theorizing and Moral Practices.
Reflections on some of the Sources of Hypocrisy: Nancy Ann Davis.
Part II: General Issues Related to the Fields of Applied Ethics:.
4. Business Ethics.
How to Think Systematically about Business Ethics: Michael Philips.
Corporate Roles, Personal Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach to Business Ethics: Robert Solomon.
Moral Philosophy and Business Ethics: The Priority of the Political: Alistair Macleod.
Business Ethics and Stakeholder Analysis: Kenneth Goodpaster.
Philosophy and its Host: The Case of Business Ethics: Michael Yeo.
5. Environmental Ethics.
Environmental Ethics: Values in and Duties to the Natural World: Holmes Rolston III.
Ethics, Public Policy and Global Warming: Dale Jamieson.
Morality, Rationality and Politics: Solving the Greenhouse Dilemma: Peter Danielson.
6. Biomedical Ethics.
From Kantianism to Contextualism: The Rise and Fall of the Paradigm Theory in Bioethics: Earl Winkler.
Can Ethnography Save the Life of Medical Ethics?: Barry Hoffmaster.
Ethics Codes and Guidelines for Health Care Research: Can Respect for Autonomy be a Multi-cultural Principle?: Edward Keyserlingk.
The Functions and Limitations of a Professional Code of Ethics: Dale Beyerstein.