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Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport - Timothy R. Ackland

Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport

Hardcover Published: 28th August 2008
ISBN: 9780736063388
Number Of Pages: 376
For Ages: 18+ years old

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This new second edition concentrates on the various ways in which an athlete, whether the average participant or the elite competitor, can modify technique to achieve optimal performance. Its emphasis on athletic assessment and physical capacity modification provides a unique perspective that will help coaches and other sport professionals appraise the body structure of their athletes so that strengths can be fully utilised and weaknesses improved.

The book relies on current research findings and proven methods in developing physical athletic performance and to help readers learn to recognise and use appropriate methods to develop optimal physical qualities for skilled performance. The text categorises 30 international sports into nine distinct groups organised by common features, e.g. racket sports; aquatic sports; gymnastics and power sports.

Within each group, techniques that improve performance are analysed with specific examples given from a variety of international coaches. Using this text, readers can integrate and apply the elements of body structure, body composition, assessment, physiology and biomechanics to assess current capabilities and enhance the performance of athletes.

About the Author

Timothy R. Ackland, PhD, is a professor of functional anatomy and biomechanics in the School of Exercise, Sport Science and Health at the University of Western Australia. Bruce C. Elliott, is the senior biomechanist and head of the School of Human Movement and Exercise Science at the University of Western Australia. John Bloomfield, PhD, is an emeritus professor at the University of Western Australia and a former director of the Hollywood Functional Rehabilitation Clinic at Hollywood Private Hospital in Perth.

Fundamental Concepts
The Assessment and Modification Model
The Assessment and Modification Model
Sports Science Theoretical Base
Observation and Assessment
Comparison and Profiling
Intervention Priority
Modification
Pedagogical Considerations
Re-assessment
Conclusion
Talent Identification and Profiling
Talent Identification
Profiling
Conclusion
Applied Anatomy: Assessment and Modification of Physical Capacities
Absolute Body Size
The Principle of Morphological Optimization
Normative Data on Absolute Body Size in Sportspeople
The Physics of Absolute Body Size
Secular Trends in Absolute Body Size
Consequences of the Search for Size
Kinanthropometric Assessment
Somatotype in Sport
Introduction
Development of Somatotype Rating Methods
The Heath-Carter Anthropometric Method
Somatotype and Sport Performance
Desirable Body Types for High Level Performance
Exceptions to the Standard Body Shape and Size
Sport Selection and Somatotype
Somatotype Modification
Changes in Body Type During Growth
Conclusion
Body Composition in Sport
Introduction
Factors Affecting Body Composition
Body Composition Assessment
Body Composition and Sports Performance
Nutritional Changes to Modify Body Composition
Conclusions
Proportionality
Significance of Proportionality Modification in Sport
Effect of Growth on Proportionality
Proportionality Assessment
Proportionality Applied to Sport Performance
Proportionality Characteristics of Athletes
Racial Characteristics
Body Modification
Technique Modification
Conclusion
Posture
Evolution and the Development of Posture
Changes in Posture During Growth
Maintenance of Posture
Advantages of Good Posture
Postural Diversity within Individuals
Posture and its Relationship to Somatotype
Postural Defects
Static and Dynamic Posture
Posture Assessment
Desirable Postures for High Level Sport Performance
Modifying Posture and Technique to Improve Performance
Conclusion
Strength
Relationship Between Strength, Power and Strength-Endurance
Value of Strength in Sport
Muscle Structure and Function
Muscle Mechanics and Neuromuscular Considerations
Factors Affecting the Development of Muscular Function
Strength Assessment
General Training Principles
Strength Training Program Design
Strength Training Methods and Techniques
Strength-Endurance Training Methods
Strength Training, Injuries and Injury Prevention
Summary
Power
Introduction
Maximal Power Production Defined
Why is Maximal Power Important?
Factors Contributing to Maximal Power Output
Performance Qualities Contributing to Power
Assessment of Muscular Power
Training Methods for the Development of Power
Summary
Speed
Introduction
Neural Considerations
Morphological Considerations
Endocrine Considerations
Biochemical Considerations
Biomechanical and Anthropometric Considerations
Assessing Speed
Developing Speed
Conclusion
Flexibility
Definitions of Stretching and the Resulting Flexibility-Extensibility
Anatomy and Physiology Components Targeted for Stretching
Types of Stretching Procedure and Technique
Mechanisms of Stretching
Does Stretching Help Improve Sport Performance or Reduce Risk of Injury?
Other Factors Can Affect the Effectiveness of Stretching and the Resulting Flexibility
How do you Measure Improvement in Flexibility?
Conclusions
Balance and Agility
Factors Affecting Balance
Assessing Balance
Improving Balance for Sport
Protection from Joint Injury
Factors Affecting Agility
Assessing Agility
Improving Agility for Sport
Conclusion
Modifying Physical Capacities
Resistance Training Guidelines
Resistance Training Exercises
Stretching Exercises
Training Programs for Specific Sports
Conclusion
Biomechanics: Assessment and Modification of Sport Techniques
Analysis of Sports Performance
Models of Technique Analysis
Qualitative or Subjective Analysis
Quantitative Analysis
Conclusion
Image Analysis in Sports Performance
Background
Errors in Motion Analysis
Planar Video Analysis
3D Motion Analysis
Data Filtering
Conclusions
The Application of Biomechanics in the Improvement of Sport Performance
Instructional Approaches in Technique Modification
Preparation of Athletes Involved in High-Speed Activities
Biomechanical Considerations in Reducing Sporting Injury Rates
Conclusion
Mechanics in Sport: Specific Applications
Balance
Newton's Laws of Motion
Linking of Linear and Angular Motion
Projectile Motion
Momentum
Moments of Force and Torque
Energy
Coefficient of Restitution
Coordination and Summation of Body Segments
Friction
Centripetal Force
Fluid Dynamics
Practical Example
A Practical Example: Pole Vault
Assessment of Physical Capacity and Intervention Program
Biomechanical Assessment and Technique Modification
Influence on Performance
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780736063388
ISBN-10: 0736063382
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 376
Published: 28th August 2008
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers USA
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 27.31 x 21.59  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.27
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised

Earn 203 Qantas Points
on this Book