Validating the existence of heuristic influence on decision making and in real-world applications would create a powerful tool for understanding, predicting, and perhaps even correcting decisions made under situations of uncertainty.
Applications of Heuristics and Biases to Social Issues thoroughly examines these social psychological constructs and explores their importance in the areas of health, law, education, and organizations. Adopting a cross-disciplinary approach to the study of various theories, contributions apply heuristics and biases to such key issues as genetic testing, the controversy over supplying clean needles to drug users to prevent the spread of AIDS, medical decisions by both doctors and patients, therapists' perceptions of diagnostic accuracy, judges' sentencing decisions, perceptions of tax audits, workers' perceptions of jobs and leadership, and the views of the public and policymakers on affirmative action. Other chapters describe the development of heuristic reasoning among elementary school children, examine the effect of heuristics on decisions about environmental issues across childhood, and outline a heuristic framework for college-choice decisions.
This book will be valuable for practitioners in the social problems field, basic and applied social scientists, and for students in such courses as applied psychology and social cognition.
|Heuristics and Biases in Applied Settings: An Introduction|
|Heuristics and Biases in Health Decision Making: Their Expression in Genetic Counseling|
|AIDS, Sterile Needles, and Ethnocentrism|
|Heuristics and Biases in Medical Judgment and Decision Making|
|Cognitive Heuristics and Biases in Personality Assessment|
|Negligence Law and Mental Mutation: A Social Inference Model of Apportioning Fault|
|Lay Evaluations of Encounters with Government Officials: Do Expectations Serve as Filters and Standards?|
|Biases and Rationality in the Mediation Process|
|Heuristic Processing in Organizational Judgments|
|7 additional articles|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Social Psychological Applications To Social Issues : Book 3
Number Of Pages: 344
Published: 30th September 1994
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6 x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.53