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Aphasia and Language : Theory to Practice - Stephen E. Nadeau

Aphasia and Language

Theory to Practice

By: Stephen E. Nadeau (Editor), Bruce Crosson (Editor), Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi (Editor)

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Aphasia, a devastating disorder resulting from stroke, degenerative disease, or traumatic brain injury, profoundly affects the individual's ability to use and understand language. This groundbreaking work brings together an array of leading scientist-practitioners to review what is known about aphasia and to relate current knowledge to treatment. Integrating traditional linguistic formulations with new insights derived from cognitive neuroscience, the volume explores the neuropsychological bases of both normal and pathologic language. Chapters address the major domains of language impairment in aphasia and also consider such related disorders as apraxia of speech, alexia, agraphia, and limb apraxia. Major principles of rehabilitation are described and evaluated, and the treatment literature is reviewed in depth. Throughout, the volume reflects a sophisticated understanding of brain structure and function based on new developments in connectionist modeling and functional neuroimaging.

"The study of aphasia has been a lodestone for a great variety of intellectual and clinical disciplines. In fact, it could be argued that the study of acquired language disorders was the doorway into what have become the modern fields of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology. This volume offers a remarkable assortment of chapters from many of the diverse scientists and clinicians who have concerned themselves with this increasingly complex and specialized topic. In one volume readers will find detailed presentations of up-to-date information on the clinical features, psycholinguistic analysis, and history of the study of aphasia. The chapters are well written and will have something to offer to both experts and students new to the area. This book will serve as a stand-alone textbook for courses on aphasia for physicians, speech pathologists, and neuropsychologists." --William Milberg, PhD, Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Brockton/West Roxbury VAMC, Brockton, MA; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School

"Simple clinical phenomenology does not illuminate the complexity of aphasia well--not for diagnosis, treatment, or fundamental understanding. Most texts that attempt to illuminate language disorders more brightly fail because of limited points of perspective. Here, however, the authors have worked together for years, and their comfort in relating their individual perspectives to a larger picture of language is evident throughout the text. Beginners in the field will find this book challenging but rewarding. Experienced aphasiologists will be stimulated by the density of intelligence to be found." --Michael P. Alexander, MD, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA

"Across the disciplines of neurology, neuropsychology, speech pathology, and cognitive neuroscience, language function and dysfunction have long been an enduring and unifying topic of research. Yet even in this era of amazing technology applied to clinical problems in neuroscience, there is still so much to learn. Edited by three scientist-practitioners with a wealth of experience and background in this area, this text addresses such fundamental issues as the neural systems underlying language, how language is generated, and the neurologic and neuropathologic bases of aphasia and other disorders. Coherent, well-integrated chapters review theoretical and empirical foundations and explore practical applications in the behavioral-language domain."--Erin D. Bigler, PhD, ABPP, Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University

"This book is expansive in concept and realization. The authors have undertaken an important and largely ignored task--that of directly connecting theory to practice in relation to a variety of problems that comprise the spectrum of aphasia. For many scientists and clinicians, this book will be simply invaluable. It serves as a bridge linking theoretical aspects of aphasia in principled and helpful ways." --Audrey Holland, PhD, Department of Speech and Hearing Science, University of Arizona

Beginnings
Aphasia: A Historical Perspectivep. 3
Dimensions of Language Dysfunction
Fluencyp. 31
Phonologyp. 40
Disorders of Word Retrieval in Aphasia: Theories and Potential Applicationsp. 82
The Semantic Systemp. 108
Grammar and Agrammatismp. 133
Behavioral Disorders Associated with Aphasia
The Acquired Dyslexiasp. 159
Agraphiap. 184
Apraxia of Speech: A Treatable Disorder of Motor Planning and Programmingp. 221
Limb Apraxiap. 267
Language Usep. 284
Emerging Alternative Approaches
Connectionist Models and Languagep. 299
Attention, Resource Allocation, and Languagep. 348
Systems That Support Language Processes: Attentionp. 372
Systems That Support Language Processes: Verbal Working Memoryp. 399
Practical Considerations
Single-Subject Experimental Designs in Aphasiap. 421
Indexp. 443
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781572305816
ISBN-10: 1572305819
Series: The Science and Practice of Neuropsychology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 454
Published: 13th September 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 18.42  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.0